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temper

  

      n  
1    attitude, character, constitution, disposition, frame of mind, humour, mind, mood, nature, temperament, tenor, vein  
2    bad mood, bate     (Brit. slang)   fit of pique, fury, gall, paddy     (Brit. informal)   passion, rage, tantrum, wax     (informal, chiefly Brit.)  
3    anger, annoyance, heat, hot-headedness, ill humour, irascibility, irritability, irritation, passion, peevishness, petulance, resentment, surliness  
4    calm, calmness, composure, cool     (slang)   coolness, equanimity, good humour, moderation, self-control, tranquillity  
      vb  
5    abate, admix, allay, assuage, calm, lessen, mitigate, moderate, mollify, palliate, restrain, soften, soft-pedal     (informal)   soothe, tone down  
6    anneal, harden, strengthen, toughen  
  
Antonyms     
,       n  
3    contentment, goodwill, pleasant mood  
4    agitation, anger, bad mood, excitability, foul humour, fury, grumpiness, indignation, irascibility, irritation, pique, vexation, wrath  
      vb  
5    aggravate, arouse, excite, heighten, intensify, provoke, stir  
6    soften  


ill temper     
annoyance, bad temper, crossness, curtness, impatience, irascibility, irritability, petulance, sharpness, spitefulness, tetchiness  
English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  
Collins

temper

  
  ( tempers    plural & 3rd person present)   ( tempering    present participle)   ( tempered    past tense & past participle  )
1       n-var   If you refer to someone's temper or say that they have a temper, you mean that they become angry very easily.  
He had a temper and could be nasty..., I hope he can control his temper.     
2       n-var   Your temper is the way you are feeling at a particular time. If you are in a good temper, you feel cheerful. If you are in a bad temper, you feel angry and impatient.  
with supp, oft adj N, oft in N  
I was in a bad temper last night...     
3       verb   To temper something means to make it less extreme.  
FORMAL   For others, especially the young and foolish, the state will temper justice with mercy...      V n with n  
He had to learn to temper his enthusiasm.      V n  
4    If someone is in a temper or gets into a temper, the way that they are behaving shows that they are feeling angry and impatient.  
in/into a temper      phrase   v-link PHR, PHR after v  
She was still in a temper when Colin arrived..., When I try to explain how I feel he just flies into a temper.     
5    If you lose your temper, you become so angry that you shout at someone or show in some other way that you are no longer in control of yourself.  
lose one's temper      phrase   V inflects  
I've never seen him get cross or lose his temper...     

Translation English Cobuild Collins Dictionary  

Collaborative Dictionary     English Thesaurus
exp.
to lose one's temper
very familiar
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