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surplus

  
1   
      n   balance, excess, remainder, residue, superabundance, superfluity, surfeit  
2   
      adj   excess, extra, in excess, left over, odd, remaining, spare, superfluous, unused  
  
Antonyms     
,       n   dearth, deficiency, deficit, insufficiency, lack, paucity, shortage, shortfall  
      adj   deficient, falling short, inadequate, insufficient, lacking, limited, scant, scanty, scarce  
English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  
Collins

surplus

  
  ( surpluses    plural  )
1       n-var   If there is a surplusof something, there is more than is needed.  
Germany suffers from a surplus of teachers.     
2       adj   Surplus is used to describe something that is extra or that is more than is needed.  
usu ADJ n, also v-link ADJ to n  
Few people have large sums of surplus cash..., The houses are being sold because they are surplus to requirements.     
3       n-count   If a country has a trade surplus, it exports more than it imports.  
usu n N  
Japan's annual trade surplus is in the region of 100 billion dollars.     
4       n-count   If a government has a budget surplus, it has spent less than it received in taxes.  
usu n N  
Norway's budget surplus has fallen from 5.9% in 1986 to an expected 0.1% this year.     


trade surplus        ( trade surpluses    plural  ) If a country has a trade surplus, it exports more than it imports.     (BUSINESS)      n-count  
The country's trade surplus widened to 16.5 billion dollars.     

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