year definition, year meaning | English dictionary

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year

  

      n  
1      (Also called)    civil year   the period of time, the calendar year, containing 365 days or in a leap year 366 days. It is based on the Gregorian calendar, being divided into 12 calendar months, and is reckoned from January 1 to December 31  
2    a period of twelve months from any specified date, such as one based on the four seasons  
3    a specific period of time, usually occupying a definite part or parts of a twelve-month period, used for some particular activity  
a school year     
4      (Also called)    astronomical year, tropical year   the period of time, the solar year, during which the earth makes one revolution around the sun, measured between two successive vernal equinoxes: equal to 365.24219 days  
5    the period of time, the sidereal year, during which the earth makes one revolution around the sun, measured between two successive conjunctions of a particular star: equal to 365.25636 days  
6    the period of time, the lunar year, containing 12 lunar months and equal to 354.3671 days  
7    the period of time taken by a specified planet to complete one revolution around the sun  
the Martian year     
8    pl   age, esp. old age  
a man of his years should be more careful     
9    pl   time  
in years to come     
10    a group of pupils or students, who are taught or study together, divided into classes at school  
they are the best year we've ever had for history     
11    the year dot  
Informal   as long ago as can be remembered  
12    year and a day     (English law)   a period fixed by law to ensure the completion of a full year. It is applied for certain purposes, such as to determine the time within which wrecks must be claimed  
13    year in, year out   regularly or monotonously, over a long period,   (Related adj)        annual  
     (Old English gear; related to Gothic jer, Old Saxon, Old High German jar, Old Norse ar year, Polish jar springtime, Latin hornus of this year)  
In writing spans of years, it is important to choose a style that avoids ambiguity. The practice adopted in this dictionary is, in four-figure dates, to specify the last two digits of the second date if it falls within the same century as the first: 1801--08; 1850--51; 1899--1901. In writing three-figure b.c. dates, it is advisable to give both dates in full: 159--156 b.c., not 159--56 b.c. unless of course the span referred to consists of 103 years rather than three years. It is also advisable to specify b.c. or a.d. in years under 1000 unless the context makes this self-evident  


anomalistic year  
      n   the interval between two successive passages of the earth through perihelion; 365.25964 mean solar days  
astronomical year  
      n      another name for       year  
  
See  
    year       4  
calendar year  
      n      See       year       1  
civil year  
      n      another name for       calendar year  
  
See  
    year       1  
financial year  
      n     (Brit)  
1    any annual period at the end of which a firm's accounts are made up  
2    the annual period ending April 5, over which Budget estimates are made by the British Government and which functions as the income-tax year,   (U.S. and Canadian equivalent)    fiscal year  
fiscal year  
      n      the U.S. and Canadian term for       financial year  
Five-Year Plan  
      n   (in socialist economies) a government plan for economic development over a period of five years  
gap year  
      n   a year's break taken by a student between leaving school and starting further education  
great year  
      n   one complete cycle of the precession of the equinoxes; about 25800 years  
Holy Year  
      n     (R.C. Church)   a period of remission from sin, esp. one granted every 25 years  
International Geophysical Year  
      n   the 18-month period from July 1, 1957, to Dec. 31, 1958, during which a number of nations agreed to cooperate in a geophysical research programme,   (Abbrev.)    IGY  
leap year  
      n   a calendar year of 366 days, February 29 (leap day) being the additional day, that occurs every four years (those whose number is divisible by four) except for century years whose number is not divisible by 400. It offsets the difference between the length of the solar year (365.2422 days) and the calendar year of 365 days  
light year  
      n   a unit of distance used in astronomy, equal to the distance travelled by light in one year, i.e. 9.4607x1012 kilometres or 0.3066 parsecs  
lunar year  
      n      See       year       6  
New Year  
      n   the first day or days of the year in various calendars, usually celebrated as a holiday  
New Year's Day  
      n   January 1, celebrated as a holiday in many countries,   (Often (U.S. and Canadian informal) shortened to)    New Years  
New Year's Eve  
      n   the evening of Dec. 31, often celebrated with parties  
   See also       Hogmanay  
off-year election  
      n   (in the U.S.) an election held in a year when a presidential election does not take place  
sabbatical year  
      n   often caps     (Bible)   a year during which the land was to be left uncultivated, debts annulled, etc., supposed to be observed every seventh year by the ancient Israelites according to Leviticus 25  
school year  
      n  
1    a twelve-month period, (in Britain) usually starting in late summer and continuing for three terms until the following summer, during which pupils remain in the same class  
2    the time during this period when the school is open  
seventeen-year locust  
      n   an E North American cicada, Magicicada septendecim, appearing in great numbers at infrequent intervals because its nymphs take 13 or 17 years to mature,   (Also called)    periodical cicada  
seven-year itch  
      n  
1      (Pathol)      an informal name for       scabies  
2    Informal   a tendency towards infidelity, traditionally said to begin after about seven years of marriage  
sidereal year  
      n      See       year       5  
sixth year  
      n   (in Scotland) the most senior class in a secondary school to which pupils, usually above the legal leaving age, may proceed to take sixth-year studies, retake or take additional Highers, etc.  
solar year  
      n      See       year       4  
Sothic year  
      n   the fixed year of the ancient Egyptians, 365 days 6 hours long, beginning with the appearance of the star Sirius on the eastern horizon at dawn, which heralded the yearly flooding of the Nile. A Sothic cycle contained 1460 such years  
tax year  
      n   a period of twelve months used by a government as a basis for calculating taxes  
tropical year  
      n      another name for       solar year  
  
See  
    year       4  
year of grace  
      n   any year of the Christian era, as dated from the presumed date of Christ's birth  
year-round  
      adj   open, in use, operating, etc., throughout the year  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collins

years

  
1    age, dotage, eld     (archaic)   old age, second childhood, senescence, senility  
2    days, generation(s), lifetime, span, time  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

Collaborative Dictionary     English Definition
adj.
happening once a year
Ex.: My favorite annual event is Christmas because I eat my mother's great feast and get christmas presents from Santa Claus.
n.
Something that as soon as it is done becomes decided upon to repeat the next year and years to come. Does not necessarily have to had been done previous years to be defined an instant tradition.
n.
person born at the end of the 90s ; persons starting their teen life of the beginning of the years 2000
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