van definition, van meaning | English dictionary

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van         

[

1]  

      n  
1       short for       caravan       1  
2    a covered motor vehicle for transporting goods, etc., by road  
3      (Brit)   a closed railway wagon in which the guard travels, for transporting goods, mail, etc.  
4      (Brit)      See       delivery van  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collins
van          [2]  
      n      short for       vanguard  

English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  

Collins
van          [3]  
      n     (Tennis)     (chiefly Brit)      short for       advantage       3     (Usual U.S. and Canadian word)    ad  

English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  

Collins
van          [4]  
      n  
1    any device for winnowing corn  
2       an archaic or poetic word for       wing  
     (C17: variant of fan1)  

English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  

Collins
Van         
      n  
1    a city in E Turkey, on Lake Van. Pop.: 197679 (1995 est.)  
2    Lake. a salt lake in E Turkey, at an altitude of 1650 m (5400 ft.): fed by melting snow and glaciers. Area: 3737 sq. km (1433 sq. miles)  


brake van  
      n     (Railways)     (Brit)   the coach or vehicle from which the guard applies the brakes; guard's van  
breakdown van   , truck  
      n   a motor vehicle equipped for towing away wrecked or disabled cars,   (U.S. and Canadian names)    wrecker, tow truck  
camper van  
      n   a motor caravan  
delivery van  
      n   a small van used esp. for delivery rounds,   (U.S. and Canadian name)    panel truck  
guard's van  
      n     (Railways)     (Brit. and N.Z.)   the van in which the guard travels, usually attached to the rear of a train,   (U.S. and Canadian equivalent)    caboose  
Hoek van Holland  
      n      the Dutch name for the       Hook of Holland  
loudspeaker van  
      n   a motor vehicle carrying a public address system,   (U.S. and Canadian name)    sound truck  
Lucas van Leyden  
      n   ?1494--1533, Dutch painter and engraver  
luggage van  
      n     (Brit)   a railway carriage used to transport passengers' luggage, bicycles, etc.,   (U.S. and Canadian name)    baggage car  
Mies van der Rohe  
      n   Ludwig. 1886--1969, U.S. architect, born in Germany. He directed the Bauhaus (1929--33) and developed a functional style, characterized by geometrical design. His works include the Seagram building, New York (1958)  
panel van  
      n  
1      (Austral)   a small van with two rear doors, esp. one having windows and seats in the rear  
2      (N.Z.)   a small enclosed delivery van  
Rip Van Winkle  
      n  
Informal  
1    a person who is oblivious to changes, esp. in social attitudes or thought  
2    a person who sleeps a lot  
     (C19: from a character who slept for 20 years, in a story (1819) by Washington Irving)  
van   [1]  
      n  
1       short for       caravan       1  
2    a covered motor vehicle for transporting goods, etc., by road  
3      (Brit)   a closed railway wagon in which the guard travels, for transporting goods, mail, etc.  
4      (Brit)      See       delivery van  
van   [2]  
      n      short for       vanguard  
van   [3]  
      n     (Tennis)     (chiefly Brit)      short for       advantage       3     (Usual U.S. and Canadian word)    ad  
van   [4]  
      n  
1    any device for winnowing corn  
2       an archaic or poetic word for       wing  
     (C17: variant of fan1)  
Van Allen  
      n   James Alfred. born 1914, U.S. physicist, noted for his use of satellites to investigate cosmic radiation in the upper atmosphere  
Van Allen belt  
      n   either of two regions of charged particles above the earth, the inner one extending from 2400 to 5600 kilometres above the earth and the outer one from 13000 to 19000 kilometres. The charged particles result from cosmic rays and are trapped by the earth's magnetic field  
     (C20: named after its discoverer, J. A. Van Allen)  
Van Buren  
      n   Martin. 1782--1862, U.S. Democratic statesman; 8th president of the U.S. (1837--41)  
Van de Graaff generator  
      n   a device for producing high electrostatic potentials (up to 15 million volts), consisting of a hollow metal sphere on which a charge is accumulated from a continuous moving belt of insulating material: used in particle accelerators  
     (C20: named after R. J. Van de Graaff (1901--67), US physicist)  
Van der Hum  
      n     (S. African)   a liqueur with tangerine flavouring  
     (of uncertain origin, but possibly derived from the humorous uncertainty of the name, equivalent of whatshisname)  
Van der Merwe  
      n     (S. African)   a stereotypical figure humorously representating Boer stupidity and prejudice  
     (C20: from a common Afrikaner surname)  
Van der Post  
      n   Sir Laurens (Jan). 1906--96, South African writer and traveller. His works include the travel books Venture to the Interior (1952), The Lost World of the Kalahari (1958), and Testament to the Bushmen (1984) and the novels The Hunter and the Whale (1967) and The Admiral's Baby (1996)  
van der Waals     (Dutch)  
      n   Johannes Diderik (jo:'hɑnəs 'di:dərik). 1837--1923, Dutch physicist, noted for his research on the equations of state of gases and liquids: Nobel prize for physics in 1910  
van der Waals equation  
      n   an equation of state for a fluid substance which is applicable approximately to both the liquid and the gaseous conditions  
van der Waals forces  
      pl n   weak electrostatic forces between atoms and molecules caused by transient dissymmetries in the distribution of electrons in the interacting atoms or molecules  
van der Weyden     (Dutch)  
      n   Rogier (ro:'xi:r). ?1400--64, Flemish painter, esp. of religious works and portraits  
van de Velde  
      n  
1    Adriaen. 1636--72, Dutch painter of landscapes with animals and figures  
2    his uncle, Esaias. ?1591--1630, Dutch landscape and genre painter, noted for such works as The Winter Scene (1623)  
3    Henry. 1863--1957, Belgian architect and designer, who introduced the British Arts and Crafts movement to the Continent and helped to develop the Art Nouveau style  
4    Willem, known as the Elder: father of Adriaen van de Velde. 1611--93, Dutch marine painter, working in England as court painter to Charles II  
5    his son, Willem, known as the Younger. 1633--1707, Dutch marine painter, working in England as court painter to Charles II  
Van Diemen Gulf  
      n   an inlet of the Timor Sea in N Australia, in the Northern Territory  
Van Diemen's Land  
      n      the former name (1642--1855) of       Tasmania  
  Vandemonian      n, adj  
Van Dyck   , Vandyke  
      n   Sir Anthony. 1599--1641, Flemish painter; court painter to Charles I of England (1632--41). He is best known for his portraits of the aristocracy  
van Eyck  
      n   Jan (jɑn). died 1441, Flemish painter; founder of the Flemish school of painting. His most famous work is the altarpiece The Adoration of the Lamb, in Ghent, in which he may have been assisted by his brother Hubert ('hy:bərt), died ?1426  
Van Gogh     (Dutch)  
      n   Vincent (vɪn'sɛnt). 1853--90, Dutch postimpressionist painter, noted for his landscapes and portraits, in which colour is used essentially for its expressive and emotive value  
van't Hoff     (Dutch)  
      n   Jacobus Hendricus (ja:'ko:bys hɛn'dri:kœs). 1852--1911, Dutch physical chemist: founded stereochemistry with his theory of the asymmetric carbon atom; the first to apply thermodynamics to chemical reactions: Nobel prize for chemistry 1901  

English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  

have Van Gogh's ear for music exp.
be tone-deaf
comes from a pun related to Van Gogh (a painter) cutting off his left ear and the expression "have an ear for music" = be particularly good at learning music

Additional comments:

neville:

this is a clever and cruel invention but it is not a standard expression

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Collaborative Dictionary     English Definition
n.
police van in which prisoners are transported from the police stations to the jails
slang term
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