1 a republic in W Asia, on the Mediterranean: ruled by the Ottoman Turks (1516--1918); made a French mandate in 1920; became independent in 1944; joined Egypt in the United Arab Republic (1958--61). Official language: Arabic. Religion: Muslim majority. Currency: Syrian pound. Capital: Damascus. Pop.: 15335000 (1998 est.). Area: 185180 sq. km (71498 sq. miles)
2 (formerly) the region between the Mediterranean, the Euphrates, the Taurus, and the Arabian Desert
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus
Add your entry in the Collaborative Dictionary.