philosophy definition, philosophy meaning | English dictionary

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philosophy

  

      n   pl   , -phies  
1    the academic discipline concerned with making explicit the nature and significance of ordinary and scientific beliefs and investigating the intelligibility of concepts by means of rational argument concerning their presuppositions, implications, and interrelationships; in particular, the rational investigation of the nature and structure of reality (metaphysics), the resources and limits of knowledge (epistemology), the principles and import of moral judgment (ethics), and the relationship between language and reality (semantics)  
2    the particular doctrines relating to these issues of some specific individual or school  
the philosophy of Descartes     
3    the critical study of the basic principles and concepts of a discipline  
the philosophy of law     
4    Archaic or literary   the investigation of natural phenomena, esp. alchemy, astrology, and astronomy  
5    any system of belief, values, or tenets  
6    a personal outlook or viewpoint  
7    serenity of temper  
     (C13: from Old French filosofie, from Latin philosophia, from Greek, from philosophos lover of wisdom)  


analytical philosophy  
      n   a school of philosophy which flourished in the first half of the 20th century and which sought to resolve philosophical problems by analysing the language in which they are expressed, esp. in terms of formal logic as in Russell's theory of descriptions  
   Compare       linguistic philosophy  
Doctor of Philosophy  
      n   a doctorate awarded for original research in any subject except law, medicine, or theology,   (Abbrevs.)    PhD, DPhil  
linguistic philosophy  
      n   the approach to philosophy common in the mid 20th century that tends to see philosophical problems as arising from inappropriate theoretical use of language and therefore as being resolved by detailed attention to the common use of expressions  
moral philosophy  
      n   the branch of philosophy dealing with both argument about the content of morality and meta-ethical discussion of the nature of moral judgment, language, argument, and value  
natural philosophy  
      n   (now only used in Scottish universities) physical science, esp. physics  
  natural philosopher      n  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collins

philosophy

  
1    aesthetics, knowledge, logic, metaphysics, rationalism, reason, reasoning, thinking, thought, wisdom  
2    attitude to life, basic idea, beliefs, convictions, doctrine, ideology, principle, tenets, thinking, values, viewpoint, Weltanschauung, world-view  
3    composure, coolness, dispassion, equanimity, resignation, restraint, self-possession, serenity, stoicism  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

Collaborative Dictionary     English Definition
n.
the part of philosophy that deals with knowledge
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