equivalency , equivalence n (Chem) the state of having equal valencies ♦
equivalent adj
dose equivalent
n a quantity that expresses the probability that exposure to ionizing radiation will cause biological effects. It is usually obtained by multiplying the dose by the quality factor of the radiation, but other factors may be considered. It is measured in sieverts (SI unit) or rems
electrochemical equivalent
n the mass of an element liberated from its ions or converted into them by one coulomb of electric charge
equivalent
adj
1 equal or interchangeable in value, quantity, significance, etc.
2 having the same or a similar effect or meaning
a (of two geometric figures) having a particular property in common; equal
b (of two equations or inequalities) having the same set of solutions
c (of two sets) having the same cardinal number
4 (Maths, logic) (of two propositions) having an equivalence between them
n
5 something that is equivalent
6 short for →
equivalent weight
(C15: from Late Latin aequivalens, from aequivalere to be equally significant, from Latin aequi- equi- + valere to be worth)
♦
equivalently adv
equivalent air speed
n the speed at sea level that would produce the same Pitot-static tube reading as that measured at altitude
equivalent circuit
n an arrangement of simple electrical components that is electrically equivalent to a complex circuit and is used to simplify circuit analysis
equivalent focal length
n (Optics) the ratio of the size of an image of a small distant object near the optical axis to the angular distance of the object in radians
equivalent weight
n the weight of an element or compound that will combine with or displace 8 grams of oxygen or 1.007 97 grams of hydrogen, (Also called)
gram equivalent
ewe equivalent
n (N.Z) the basic measure for calculating stock unit
one Jersey cow is equal to 6.5 ewe equivalents
gram equivalent , gram-equivalent weight
n an amount of a substance equal to its equivalent weight expressed in grams
mechanical equivalent of heat
n (Physics) a factor for converting units of energy into heat units. It has the value 4.1855 joules per calorie., (Symbol)
J
roentgen equivalent man
n the dose of ionizing radiation that produces the same effect in man as one roentgen of x- or gamma-radiation, (Abbrev)
REM, rem