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      n     (U.S.)  
informal      a shortened form of       elevated railway       railroad  

      n   1882--1963, Moroccan chief who led revolts against Spain and France, surrendered before their combined forces in 1926, but later formed the North African independence movement  
Bab el Mandeb  
      n   a strait between SW Arabia and E Africa, connecting the Red Sea with the Gulf of Aden  
El Aaiún  
      n   a city in Morocco, in Western Sahara: the capital of the former Spanish Sahara; port facilities begun in 1967 at Playa de El Aaiún 20 km (12 miles) away, following the discovery of rich phosphate deposits. Pop.: 136950 (1994)  
El Alamein   , Alamein  
      n   a village on the N coast of Egypt, about 112 km (70 miles) west of Alexandria: scene of a decisive Allied victory over the Axis forces (1942)  
El Capitan  
      n   a mountain in E central California, in the Sierra Nevada: a monolith with a precipice rising over 1100 m (3600 ft.) above the floor of the Yosemite Valley. Height: 2306 m (7564 ft.)  
El Cid Campeador     (Spanish)  
      n      See (El)       Cid  
El Dorado     (Spanish)  
1    a fabled city in South America, rich in treasure and sought by Spanish explorers in the 16th century  
2      (Also)    eldorado   any place of great riches or fabulous opportunity  
     (C16: from Spanish, literally: the gilded (place))  
El Faiyûm   , Al Faiyûm  
      n   a city in N Egypt: a site of towns going back at least to the 12th dynasty. Pop.: 250000 (1992 est.)  
El Ferrol     (Spanish)  
      n   a port in NW Spain, on the Atlantic: fortified naval base, with a deep natural harbour. Pop.: 82371 (1991),   (Official name (since 1939))    El Ferrol del Caudillo  
El Gîza  
      n   a city in NE Egypt, on the W bank of the Nile opposite Cairo: nearby are the Great Pyramid of Cheops (Khufu) and the Sphinx. Pop.: 2144000 (1992 est.)  
El Greco  
      n   real name Domenikos Theotocopoulos. 1541--1614, Spanish painter, born in Crete; noted for his elongated human forms and dramatic use of colour  
El Khalil  
      n      transliteration of the Arabic name for       Hebron  
El Mansûra   , Al Mansûrah  
      n   a city in NE Egypt: scene of a battle (1250) in which the Crusaders were defeated by the Mamelukes and Louis IX of France was captured; cotton-manufacturing centre. Pop.: 371000 (1992 est.)  
El Minya  
      n   a river port in central Egypt on the Nile. Pop.: 208000 (1992 est.)  
El Misti  
      n   a volcano in S Peru, in the Andes. Height: 5852 m (19199 ft.)  
El Niño  
      n     (Meteorol)   a warming of the eastern tropical Pacific occurring every few years, which disrupts the weather pattern of the region  
     (from Spanish: The Child, i.e. Christ, referring to its original occurrence at Christmas time)  
El Obeid  
      n   a city in the central Sudan, in Kordofan province: scene of the defeat of a British and Egyptian army by the Mahdi (1883). Pop.: 228096 (1993)  
El Paso  
      n   a city in W Texas, on the Rio Grande opposite Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. Pop.: 599865 (1996 est.)  
El Salvador  
      n   a republic in Central America, on the Pacific: colonized by the Spanish from 1524; declared independence in 1841, becoming a republic in 1856. It consists of coastal lowlands rising to a central plateau. Coffee constitutes about half of the total exports. Official language: Spanish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: colón. Capital: San Salvador. Pop.: 5752000 (1998 est). Area: 21393 sq. km (8236 sq. miles)  
  Salvadoran, Salvadorean, Salvadorian      adj, n  
Mahalla el Kubra  
      n   a city in N Egypt, on the Nile delta: one of the largest diversified textile centres in Egypt. Pop.: 408000 (1992 est.)  
Mari El Republic  
      n   a constituent republic of W central Russia, in the middle Volga basin. Capital: Yoshkar-Ola. Pop.: 766000 (1995 est.). Area: 23200 sq. km (8955 sq. miles)  
Tarabulus el Gharb  
      n   transliteration of the Arabic name for Tripoli (Libya)  
Tell el Amarna  
      n   a group of ruins and rock tombs in Upper Egypt, on the Nile below Asyut: site of the capital of Amenhotep IV, built about 1375 b.c.; excavated from 1891 onwards  
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