a a political theory that regards economics as the main factor in society, ignoring or reducing to simplistic economic terms other factors such as culture, nationality, etc.
b the belief that the main aim of a political group, trade union, etc., is to improve the material living standards of its members
2 often cap (in Tsarist Russia) a political belief that the sole concern of the working classes should be with improving their living conditions and not with political reforms
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