distillation definition, distillation meaning | English dictionary

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distillation

  
, distillment  
      n  
1    the act, process, or product of distilling  
2    the process of evaporating or boiling a liquid and condensing its vapour  
3    purification or separation of mixture by using different evaporation rates or boiling points of their components  
   See also       fractional distillation  
4    the process of obtaining the essence or an extract of a substance, usually by heating it in a solvent  
5       another name for       distillate       1  
6    a concentrated essence  
  distillatory      adj  


destructive distillation  
      n   the decomposition of a complex substance, such as wood or coal, by heating it in the absence of air and collecting the volatile products  
dry distillation  
      n      another name for       destructive distillation  
fractional distillation  
      n  
1    the process of separating the constituents of a liquid mixture by heating it and condensing separately the components according to their different boiling points  
2    a distillation in which the vapour is brought into contact with a countercurrent of condensed liquid to increase the purity of the final products,   (Sometimes shortened to)    distillation  
molecular distillation  
      n   distillation in which a substance is heated under vacuum, the pressure being so low that no intermolecular collisions can occur before condensation  
vacuum distillation  
      n   distillation in which the liquid distilled is enclosed at a low pressure in order to reduce its boiling point  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collins
distillate  
      n  
1      (Also called)    distillation          the product of distillation  
2    a concentrated essence  


destructive distillation  
      n   the decomposition of a complex substance, such as wood or coal, by heating it in the absence of air and collecting the volatile products  
distillation          , distillment  
      n  
1    the act, process, or product of distilling  
2    the process of evaporating or boiling a liquid and condensing its vapour  
3    purification or separation of mixture by using different evaporation rates or boiling points of their components  
   See also       fractional distillation  
4    the process of obtaining the essence or an extract of a substance, usually by heating it in a solvent  
5       another name for       distillate       1  
6    a concentrated essence  
  distillatory      adj  
dry distillation  
      n      another name for       destructive distillation  
fractional distillation  
      n  
1    the process of separating the constituents of a liquid mixture by heating it and condensing separately the components according to their different boiling points  
2    a distillation in which the vapour is brought into contact with a countercurrent of condensed liquid to increase the purity of the final products,   (Sometimes shortened to)    distillation         
molecular distillation  
      n   distillation in which a substance is heated under vacuum, the pressure being so low that no intermolecular collisions can occur before condensation  
vacuum distillation  
      n   distillation in which the liquid distilled is enclosed at a low pressure in order to reduce its boiling point  

English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  

Collins
fractional distillation  
      n  
1    the process of separating the constituents of a liquid mixture by heating it and condensing separately the components according to their different boiling points  
2    a distillation in which the vapour is brought into contact with a countercurrent of condensed liquid to increase the purity of the final products,   (Sometimes shortened to)    distillation         


destructive distillation  
      n   the decomposition of a complex substance, such as wood or coal, by heating it in the absence of air and collecting the volatile products  
distillation          , distillment  
      n  
1    the act, process, or product of distilling  
2    the process of evaporating or boiling a liquid and condensing its vapour  
3    purification or separation of mixture by using different evaporation rates or boiling points of their components  
   See also       fractional distillation  
4    the process of obtaining the essence or an extract of a substance, usually by heating it in a solvent  
5       another name for       distillate       1  
6    a concentrated essence  
  distillatory      adj  
dry distillation  
      n      another name for       destructive distillation  
molecular distillation  
      n   distillation in which a substance is heated under vacuum, the pressure being so low that no intermolecular collisions can occur before condensation  
vacuum distillation  
      n   distillation in which the liquid distilled is enclosed at a low pressure in order to reduce its boiling point  

English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  

Collins

distillation

  
  
elixir, essence, extract, quintessence, spirit  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

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