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closed

  

      adj  
1    blocked against entry; shut  
2    restricted; exclusive  
3    not open to question or debate  
4    (of a hunting season, etc.) close  
5      (Maths)  
a    (of a curve or surface) completely enclosing an area or volume  
b    (of a set) having members that can be produced by a specific operation on other members of the same set  
the integers are a closed set under multiplication     
6      (Also)    checked     (Phonetics)  
a    denoting a syllable that ends in a consonant  
b       another word for       close   1       21  
7    not open to public entry or membership  
a closed society     


closed book  
      n  
1    something deemed unknown or incapable of being understood  
2    a matter that has been finally concluded and admits of no further consideration  
closed-captioned  
      adj   (of a video recording) having subtitles which appear on screen only if the cassette is played through a special decoder  
closed chain  
      n     (Chem)      another name for       ring   1       18  
closed circuit  
      n   a complete electrical circuit through which current can flow when a voltage is applied  
   Compare       open circuit  
closed-circuit television  
      n   a television system in which signals are transmitted from the television camera to the receivers by cables or telephone links forming a closed circuit, as used in shops, hospitals, etc.  
closed community  
      n     (Ecology)   a plant community that does not allow for further colonization, all the available niches being occupied  
closed corporation  
      n     (U.S)   a corporation the stock of which is owned by a small number of persons and is rarely traded on the open market,   (Also)    close corporation  
closed cycle  
      n     (Engineering)   a heat engine in which the working substance is continuously circulated and does not need replenishment  
closed-door  
      adj   private; barred to members of the public  
a closed-door meeting     
closed game  
      n     (Chess)   a relatively complex game involving closed ranks and files and permitting only nontactical positional manoeuvring  
   Compare       open game  
closed primary  
      n     (U.S. government)   a primary in which only members of a particular party may vote  
   Compare       open primary  
closed scholarship  
      n   a scholarship for which only certain people, such as those from a particular school or with a particular surname, are eligible  
closed sentence  
      n     (Logic)   a formula that contains no free occurrence of any variable  
   Compare       open sentence  
closed set  
      n     (Maths)  
1    a set that includes all the values obtained by application of a given operation to its members  
2    a topological set containing all its own limit points  
3    an interval on the real line including its end points, as [0, 1], the set of reals between and including 0 and 1  
closed shop  
      n   (formerly) an industrial establishment in which there exists a contract between a trade union and the employer permitting the employment of the union's members only  
   Compare       open shop       union shop  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collins
close   [1]  
      adj  
1    near in space or time; in proximity  
2    having the parts near together; dense  
a close formation     
3    down or near to the surface; short  
a close haircut     
4    near in relationship  
a close relative     
5    intimate or confidential  
a close friend     
6    almost equal or even  
a close contest     
7    not deviating or varying greatly from a model or standard  
a close resemblance, a close translation     
8    careful, strict, or searching  
a close study     
9    (of a style of play in football, hockey, etc.) characterized by short passes  
10    confined or enclosed  
11    shut or shut tight  
12    oppressive, heavy, or airless  
a close atmosphere     
13    strictly guarded  
a close prisoner     
14    neat or tight in fit  
a close cap     
15    secretive or reticent  
16    miserly; not generous, esp. with money  
17    (of money or credit) hard to obtain; scarce  
18    restricted as to public admission or membership  
19    hidden or secluded  
20      (Also)    closed          restricted or prohibited as to the type of game or fish able to be taken  
21      (Also)    closed, narrow     (Phonetics)   denoting a vowel pronounced with the lips relatively close together  
      adv  
22    closely; tightly  
23    near or in proximity  
24    close to the wind     (Nautical)   sailing as nearly as possible towards the direction from which the wind is blowing  
   See also       wind   1       26  
     (C13: from Old French clos close, enclosed, from Latin clausus shut up, from claudere to close)  
  closely      adv  
  closeness      n  


closed         
      adj  
1    blocked against entry; shut  
2    restricted; exclusive  
3    not open to question or debate  
4    (of a hunting season, etc.) close  
5      (Maths)  
a    (of a curve or surface) completely enclosing an area or volume  
b    (of a set) having members that can be produced by a specific operation on other members of the same set  
the integers are a closed set under multiplication     
6      (Also)    checked     (Phonetics)  
a    denoting a syllable that ends in a consonant  
b       another word for       close   1       21  
7    not open to public entry or membership  
a closed society     
closed book  
      n  
1    something deemed unknown or incapable of being understood  
2    a matter that has been finally concluded and admits of no further consideration  
closed-captioned  
      adj   (of a video recording) having subtitles which appear on screen only if the cassette is played through a special decoder  
closed chain  
      n     (Chem)      another name for       ring   1       18  
closed circuit  
      n   a complete electrical circuit through which current can flow when a voltage is applied  
   Compare       open circuit  
closed-circuit television  
      n   a television system in which signals are transmitted from the television camera to the receivers by cables or telephone links forming a closed circuit, as used in shops, hospitals, etc.  
closed community  
      n     (Ecology)   a plant community that does not allow for further colonization, all the available niches being occupied  
closed corporation  
      n     (U.S)   a corporation the stock of which is owned by a small number of persons and is rarely traded on the open market,   (Also)    close corporation  
closed cycle  
      n     (Engineering)   a heat engine in which the working substance is continuously circulated and does not need replenishment  
closed-door  
      adj   private; barred to members of the public  
a closed-door meeting     
closed game  
      n     (Chess)   a relatively complex game involving closed ranks and files and permitting only nontactical positional manoeuvring  
   Compare       open game  
closed primary  
      n     (U.S. government)   a primary in which only members of a particular party may vote  
   Compare       open primary  
closed scholarship  
      n   a scholarship for which only certain people, such as those from a particular school or with a particular surname, are eligible  
closed sentence  
      n     (Logic)   a formula that contains no free occurrence of any variable  
   Compare       open sentence  
closed set  
      n     (Maths)  
1    a set that includes all the values obtained by application of a given operation to its members  
2    a topological set containing all its own limit points  
3    an interval on the real line including its end points, as [0, 1], the set of reals between and including 0 and 1  
closed shop  
      n   (formerly) an industrial establishment in which there exists a contract between a trade union and the employer permitting the employment of the union's members only  
   Compare       open shop       union shop  

English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  

Collins

closed

  
1    fastened, locked, out of business, out of service, sealed, shut  
2    concluded, decided, ended, finished, over, resolved, settled, terminated  
3    exclusive, restricted  
  
Antonyms     
  
1    ajar, open, unclosed, unfastened, unlocked, unsealed  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

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