Persian definition, Persian meaning | English dictionary

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Persian

  

      adj  
1    of or relating to ancient Persia or modern Iran, their inhabitants, or their languages  
      n  
2    a native, citizen, or inhabitant of modern Iran; an Iranian  
3    a member of an Indo-European people of West Iranian speech who established a great empire in SW Asia in the 6th century b.c.  
4    (loosely) the language of Iran or Persia in any of its ancient or modern forms, belonging to the West Iranian branch of the Indo-European family  
   See also       Avestan       Old Persian       Pahlavi   2       Farsi  


Middle Persian  
      n   the classical form of modern Persian, spoken from about 300 a.d. to about 900  
   See also       Pahlavi   2  
Old Persian  
      n   an ancient language belonging to the West Iranian branch of the Indo-European family, recorded in cuneiform inscriptions of the 6th to the 4th centuries b.c.  
   See also       Middle Persian  
Persian blinds  
      pl n      another term for       persiennes  
Persian carpet   , rug  
      n   a carpet or rug made in Persia or other countries of the Near East by knotting silk or wool yarn by hand onto a woven backing, characterized by rich colours and flowing or geometric designs  
Persian cat  
      n   a long-haired variety of domestic cat with a stocky body, round face, and short thick legs  
Persian Empire  
      n   the S Asian empire established by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century b.c. and overthrown by Alexander the Great in the 4th century b.c. At its height it extended from India to Europe  
Persian greyhound  
      n      another name for the       Saluki  
Persian Gulf  
      n   a shallow arm of the Arabian Sea between SW Iran and Arabia: linked with the Arabian Sea by the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman; important for the oilfields on its shores. Area: 233000 sq. km (90000 sq. miles)  
Persian lamb  
      n  
1    a black loosely curled fur obtained from the skin of the karakul lamb  
2    a karakul lamb  
Persian melon  
      n      another name for       winter melon  
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