sit meaning, sit definition | English Cobuild dictionary

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sit

  
  ( sits    3rd person present)   ( sitting    present participle)   ( sat    past tense & past participle  )
1       verb   If you are sitting somewhere, for example in a chair, your bottom is resting on the chair and the upper part of your body is upright.  
Mother was sitting in her chair in the kitchen...      V prep/adv  
They sat there in shock and disbelief...      V prep/adv  
They had been sitting watching television...      V  
He was unable to sit still for longer than a few minutes.      V adj, Also V  
2       verb   When you sit somewhere, you lower your body until you are sitting on something.  
He set the cases against a wall and sat on them...      V prep/adv  
When you stand, they stand; when you sit, they sit.      V  
      Sit down means the same as sit., phrasal verb  
I sat down, stunned...      V P  
Hughes beckoned him to sit down on the sofa.      V P prep/adv  
3       verb   If you sit someone somewhere, you tell them to sit there or put them in a sitting position.  
He used to sit me on his lap...      V n prep/adv  
      To sit someone down somewhere means to sit them there., phrasal verb  
She helped him out of the water and sat him down on the rock...      V n P prep/adv  
They sat me down and had a serious discussion about sex.      V n P  
4       verb   If you sit an examination, you do it.  
  (BRIT)   (=take)  
June and July are the traditional months for sitting exams.      V n  
in AM, use take     
5       verb   If you siton a committee or other official group, you are a member of it.  
no cont  
He was asked to sit on numerous committees...      V on/in n  
6       verb   When a parliament, legislature, court, or other official body sits, it officially carries out its work.  
FORMAL   Parliament sits for only 28 weeks out of 52...      V  
7       verb   If a building or object sits in a particular place, it is in that place.  
WRITTEN  
(=stand)  

Our new house sat next to a stream...      V prep/adv  
On the table sat a box decorated with little pearl triangles.      V prep/adv  
8   
    sitting  
9    If you sit tight, you remain in the same place or situation and do not take any action, usually because you are waiting for something to happen.  
sit tight      phrase   V inflects  
Sit tight. I'll be right back...     
    to sit on the fence  
    fence   sit around      phrasal verb  
in BRIT, also use sit about      If you sit around or sit about, you spend time doing nothing useful or interesting.  
INFORMAL   Eve isn't the type to sit around doing nothing...      V P   sit back      phrasal verb   If you sit back while something is happening, you relax and do not become involved in it.  
INFORMAL   They didn't have to do anything except sit back and enjoy life...      V P   sit by      phrasal verb   If you sit by while something wrong or illegal is happening, you allow it to happen and do not do anything about it.   (=stand by)  
We can't just sit by and watch you throw your life away...      V P   sit down  
1   
    sit 2, 3  
2       phrasal verb   If you sit down and do something, you spend time and effort doing it in order to try to achieve something.  
Have you both sat down and worked out a budget together?...      V P  
3   
    sit-down   sit in on      phrasal verb   If you sit in on a lesson, meeting, or discussion, you are present while it is taking place but do not take part in it.  
Will they permit you to sit in on a few classes?...      V P P n   sit on      phrasal verb   If you say that someone is sitting on something, you mean that they are delaying dealing with it.  
INFORMAL   He had been sitting on the document for at least two months.      V P n   sit out      phrasal verb   If you sit something out, you wait for it to finish, without taking any action.  
The only thing I can do is keep quiet and sit this one out...      V n P  
He can afford to sit out the property slump.      V P n (not pron)   sit through      phrasal verb   If you sit through something such as a film, lecture, or meeting, you stay until it is finished although you are not enjoying it.  
...movies so bad you can hardly bear to sit through them.      V P n   sit up  
1       phrasal verb   If you sit up, you move into a sitting position when you have been leaning back or lying down.  
Her head spins dizzily as soon as she sits up.      V P  
2       phrasal verb   If you sit someone up, you move them into a sitting position when they have been leaning back or lying down.  
She sat him up and made him comfortable.      V n P  
3       phrasal verb   If you sit up, you do not go to bed although it is very late.   (=stay up)  
We sat up drinking and talking...      V P  
4   
    sit-up  


sit-down  
1       n-sing   If you have a sit-down, you sit down and rest for a short time.  
  (BRIT)  
INFORMAL   a N  
All he wanted was a cup of tea and a sit-down.     
2       adj   A sit-down meal is served to people sitting at tables.  
ADJ n  
A sit-down dinner was followed by a disco.     
3       adj   In a sit-down protest, people refuse to leave a place until they get what they want.  
ADJ n  
Teachers staged a sit-down protest in front of the president's office.     
sit-in        ( sit-ins    plural  ) A sit-in is a protest in which people go to a public place and stay there for a long time.     (BUSINESS)      n-count  
The campaigners held a sit-in outside the Supreme Court.     
sit-up        ( sit-ups    plural  )
in AM, also use situp      Sit-ups are exercises that you do to strengthen your stomach muscles. They involve sitting up from a lying position while keeping your legs straight on the floor.      n-count   usu pl  
Translation English Cobuild Collins Dictionary  
Collins

sit

  
1    be seated, perch, rest, settle, take a seat, take the weight off one's feet  
2    assemble, be in session, convene, deliberate, meet, officiate, preside  
3    accommodate, contain, have space for, hold, seat  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

sit around exp.
let the time go by without doing something important, relax, waste time
E.g.: It was a quite evening: we sat around chatting and watching TV.

Additional comments:

Fab 59:

Didn't you mean a 'quiet' evening in the example?

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Collaborative Dictionary     English Cobuild
n.
attitude or practise whereby a man, either sitting at the table, on a sofa or in public transportation, adopts a spread position notably splaying his legs wide apart in such a way as to encroach on an adjacent seat and deny space to the person sitting or wanting to sit next to him
Ex: I become upset and irritated seeing all that manspreading in the subway and buses during rush hours and more generally by that growing lack of civil vertue everywhere.
n.
a large pocket of very cold air, typically the coldest air in the Northern Hemisphere, which sits over the polar region.
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