fall meaning, fall definition | English Cobuild dictionary

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Collins

fall

  
  ( falls    plural & 3rd person present)   ( falling    present participle)   ( fell    past tense)   ( fallen    past participle  )
1       verb   If someone or something falls, they move quickly downwards onto or towards the ground, by accident or because of a natural force.  
Her father fell into the sea after a massive heart attack...      V prep  
Bombs fell in the town...      V  
I ought to seal the boxes up. I don't want the books falling out...      V out/off  
Twenty people were injured by falling masonry.      V-ing  
      Fall is also a noun., n-count   oft N from n  
The helmets are designed to withstand impacts equivalent to a fall from a bicycle.     
2       verb   If a person or structure that is standing somewhere falls, they move from their upright position, so that they are then lying on the ground.  
The woman gripped the shoulders of her man to stop herself from falling...      V  
We watched buildings fall on top of people and pets...      V prep/adv  
He lost his balance and fell backwards.      V prep/adv  
      Fall is also a noun., n-count  
Mrs Briscoe had a bad fall last week.     
      Fall down means the same as fall., phrasal verb  
I hit him so hard he fell down...      V P  
Children jumped from upper floors as the building fell down around them.      V P  
  fallen      adj   ADJ n  
A number of roads have been blocked by fallen trees.     
3       verb   When rain or snow falls, it comes down from the sky.  
Winds reached up to 100mph in some places with an inch of rain falling within 15 minutes.      V  
      Fall is also a noun., n-count   N of n  
One night there was a heavy fall of snow.     
    rainfall  
    snowfall  
4       verb   If you fall somewhere, you allow yourself to drop there in a hurried or disorganized way, often because you are very tired.  
Totally exhausted, he tore his clothes off and fell into bed...      V prep  
5       verb   If something falls, it decreases in amount, value, or strength.   (=drop)     (Antonym: rise)    Output will fall by 6%...      V by n  
Her weight fell to under seven stones...      V to/from n  
Between July and August, oil product prices fell 0.2 per cent...      V amount  
The number of prosecutions has stayed static and the rate of convictions has fallen.      V  
...a time of falling living standards and emerging mass unemployment.      V-ing  
      Fall is also a noun., n-count   usu sing  
There was a sharp fall in the value of the pound.     
6       verb   If a powerful or successful person falls, they suddenly lose their power or position.  
There's a danger of the government falling because it will lose its majority...      V  
The moment Mrs Thatcher fell from power has left a lasting imprint on the world's memory.      V from n  
      Fall is also a noun., n-sing   with poss     (Antonym: rise)    Following the fall of the military dictator in March, the country has had a civilian government...     
7       verb   If a place falls in a war or election, an enemy army or a different political party takes control of it.  
Croatian army troops retreated from northern Bosnia and the area fell to the Serbs...      V to n  
With the announcement `Paphos has fallen!' a cheer went up from the assembled soldiers.      V  
      Fall is also a noun., n-sing   usu N of n  
...the fall of Rome.     
8       verb   If someone falls in battle, they are killed.  
LITERARY   Another wave of troops followed the first, running past those who had fallen.      V  
9       v-link   You can use fall to show that someone or something passes into another state. For example, if someone falls ill, they become ill, and if something falls into disrepair, it is then in a state of disrepair.  
It is almost impossible to visit Florida without falling in love with the state...      V in/into/out of n  
I took Moira to the cinema, where she fell asleep...      V adj  
Almost without exception these women fall victim to exploitation.      V n  
10       verb   If you say that something or someone falls into a particular group or category, you mean that they belong in that group or category.  
The problems generally fall into two categories...      V into n  
Both women fall into the highest-risk group.      V into n  
11       verb   If the responsibility or blame for something falls on someone, they have to take the responsibility or the blame for it.  
WRITTEN   That responsibility falls on the local office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees...      V on n  
12       verb   If a celebration or other special event falls on a particular day or date, it happens to be on that day or date.  
...the oddly named Quasimodo Sunday which falls on the first Sunday after Easter.      V on n  
13       verb   When light or shadow falls on something, it covers it.  
Nancy, out of the corner of her eye, saw the shadow that suddenly fell across the doorway.      V across/over/on n  
14       verb   If someone's hair or a garment falls in a certain way, it hangs downwards in that way.  
...a slender boy with black hair falling across his forehead.      V prep/adv  
15       verb   If you say that someone's eyes fellon something, you mean they suddenly noticed it.  
WRITTEN   As he laid the flowers on the table, his eye fell upon a note in Grace's handwriting.      V on/upon n  
16       verb   When night or darkness falls, night begins and it becomes dark.  
As darkness fell outside, they sat down to eat at long tables.      V  
17       n-plural; n-in-names   You can refer to a waterfall as thefalls.  
...panoramic views of the falls., ...Niagara Falls.     
18       n-var   Fall is the season between summer and winter when the weather becomes cooler.  
  (AM)  
He was elected judge in the fall of 1991..., The Supreme Court will not hear the case until next fall.     
in BRIT, use autumn     
19   
    fallen  
20    To fall to pieces, or in British English to fall to bits, means the same as to fall apart.  
to fall to bits/pieces      phrase   V inflects  
At that point the radio handset fell to pieces.     
21   
    to fall on your feet  
    foot  
    to fall foul of  
    foul  
    to fall flat  
    flat  
    to fall from grace  
    grace  
    to fall into place  
    place  
    to fall short  
    short  
    to fall into the trap  
    trap  
    to fall by the wayside  
    wayside   fall apart  
1       phrasal verb   If something falls apart, it breaks into pieces because it is old or badly made.  
The work was never finished and bit by bit the building fell apart.      V P  
2       phrasal verb   If an organization or system falls apart, it becomes disorganized or unable to work effectively, or breaks up into its different parts.   (=break down)  
Europe's monetary system is falling apart...      V P  
I've tried everything to stop our marriage falling apart.      V P  
3       phrasal verb   If you say that someone is falling apart, you mean that they are becoming emotionally disturbed and are unable to think calmly or to deal with the difficult or unpleasant situation that they are in.  
INFORMAL  
(=crack up)  

I was falling apart. I wasn't getting any sleep.      V P   fall away  
1       phrasal verb   If something falls away from the thing it is attached to, it breaks off.  
Officials say that one or two engines fell away from the plane shortly after takeoff.      V P from n, Also V P  
2       phrasal verb   If you say that land falls away, you mean it slopes downwards from a particular point.  
On either side of the tracks the ground fell away sharply.      V P  
3       phrasal verb   If the degree, amount, or size of something falls away, it decreases.   (=fall off)  
His coalition may hold a clear majority but this could quickly fall away...      V P   fall back  
1       phrasal verb   If you fall back, you move backwards a short distance away from someone or something.  
He fell back in embarrassment when he saw that Ross had no hair at all...      V P  
The congregation fell back from them slightly as they entered.      V P from n  
2       phrasal verb   If an army falls back during a battle or war, it withdraws.  
The Prussian garrison at Charleroi was falling back.      V P   fall back on      phrasal verb   If you fall back on something, you do it or use it after other things have failed.  
Unable to defeat him by logical discussion, she fell back on her old habit of criticizing his speech...      V P P n  
When necessary, instinct is the most reliable resource you can fall back on.      V P P n   fall behind  
1       phrasal verb   If you fall behind, you do not make progress or move forward as fast as other people.  
Evans had rheumatic fever, missed school and fell behind...      V P  
Boris is falling behind all the top players.      V P n  
2       phrasal verb   If you fall behind with something or let it fall behind, you do not do it or produce it when you should, according to an agreement or schedule.  
He faces losing his home after falling behind with the payments...      V P with n  
Thousands of people could die because the relief effort has fallen so far behind...      V P  
Construction work fell behind schedule.      V P n   fall down  
1   
    fall 2  
2       phrasal verb   If an argument, organization, or person falls downon a particular point, they are weak or unsatisfactory on that point.   (=fail)  
Service was outstandingly friendly and efficient, falling down on only one detail...      V P on n  
That is where his argument falls down.      V P   fall for  
1       phrasal verb   If you fall for someone, you are strongly attracted to them and start loving them.  
He was fantastically handsome<endash>I just fell for him right away.      V P n  
2       phrasal verb   If you fall for a lie or trick, you believe it or are deceived by it.  
It was just a line to get you out here, and you fell for it!      V P n   fall in      phrasal verb   If a roof or ceiling falls in, it collapses and falls to the ground.   (=cave in)  
Part of my bedroom ceiling has fallen in.      V P   fall into      phrasal verb   If you fall into conversation or a discussion with someone, usually someone you have just met, you start having a conversation or discussion with them.  
Over breakfast at my motel, I fell into conversation with the owner of a hardware shop.      V P n   fall off  
1       phrasal verb   If something falls off, it separates from the thing to which it was attached and moves towards the ground.   (=drop off)  
When your exhaust falls off, you have to replace it.      V P  
2       phrasal verb   If the degree, amount, or size of something falls off, it decreases.  
Unemployment is rising again and retail buying has fallen off.      V P  
    falling-off   fall on      phrasal verb   If you fall on something when it arrives or appears, you eagerly seize it or welcome it.  
They fell on the sandwiches with alacrity.      V P n   fall out  
1       phrasal verb   If something such as a person's hair or a tooth falls out, it comes out.  
Her hair started falling out as a result of radiation treatment.      V P  
2       phrasal verb   If you fall out with someone, you have an argument and stop being friendly with them. You can also say that two people fall out.  
She fell out with her husband...      V P with n  
Mum and I used to fall out a lot.      pl-n V P  
3   
    fallout   fall over      phrasal verb   If a person or object that is standing falls over, they accidentally move from their upright position so that they are then lying on the ground or on the surface supporting them.  
If he drinks more than two glasses of wine he falls over.      V P   fall through      phrasal verb   If an arrangement, plan, or deal falls through, it fails to happen.  
They wanted to turn the estate into a private golf course and offered £20 million, but the deal fell through.      V P   fall to  
1       phrasal verb   If a responsibility, duty, or opportunity falls to someone, it becomes their responsibility, duty, or opportunity.  
He's been very unlucky that no chances have fallen to him...      V P n  
It fell to me to get rid of them.      it V P n to-inf  
2       phrasal verb   If someone falls to doing something, they start doing it.  
WRITTEN   When she had departed, they fell to fighting among themselves.      V P -ing  


fall guy        ( fall guys    plural  ) If someone is the fall guy, they are blamed for something which they did not do or which is not their fault.  
INFORMAL      n-count   (=scapegoat)  
He claims he was made the fall guy for the affair.     
free fall        ( free falls    plural  ) , free-fall  
1       n-var   If the value or price of something goes intofree fall, it starts to fall uncontrollably.     (JOURNALISM)   oft into/in N  
Sterling went into free fall..., The price did a free fall.     
2       n-uncount   In parachuting, free fall is the part of the jump before the parachute opens.  
Translation English Cobuild Collins Dictionary  
Collins

fall

  

      vb  
1    be precipitated, cascade, collapse, come a cropper     (informal)   crash, descend, dive, drop, drop down, go head over heels, keel over, nose-dive, pitch, plummet, plunge, settle, sink, stumble, subside, topple, trip, trip over, tumble  
2    abate, become lower, decline, decrease, depreciate, diminish, drop, dwindle, ebb, fall off, flag, go down, lessen, slump, subside  
3    be overthrown, be taken, capitulate, give in or up, give way, go out of office, pass into enemy hands, resign, succumb, surrender, yield  
4    be a casualty, be killed, be lost, be slain, die, meet one's end, perish  
5    become, befall, chance, come about, come to pass, fall out, happen, occur, take place  
6    fall foul of      brush with, come into conflict with, cross swords with, have trouble with, make an enemy of  
7    fall in love (with)      become attached to, become enamoured of, become fond of, become infatuated (with), be smitten by, conceive an affection for, fall (for), lose one's heart (to), take a fancy to  
8    fall away, incline, incline downwards, slope  
9    backslide, err, go astray, lapse, offend, sin, transgress, trespass, yield to temptation  
      n  
10    descent, dive, drop, nose dive, plummet, plunge, slip, spill, tumble  
11    cut, decline, decrease, diminution, dip, drop, dwindling, falling off, lessening, lowering, reduction, slump  
12    capitulation, collapse, death, defeat, destruction, downfall, failure, overthrow, resignation, ruin, surrender  
13    declivity, descent, downgrade, incline, slant, slope  
14    degradation, failure, lapse, sin, slip, transgression  
  
Antonyms     
  
1    ascend, climb, go up, increase, mount, rise, scale, soar, wax  
2    advance, appreciate, climb, escalate, extend, heighten, increase  
3 & 4    endure, hold out, prevail, survive, triumph  


fall apart     
break up, come apart at the seams, crumble, disband, disintegrate, disperse, dissolve, fall to bits, go or come to pieces, go to seed, lose cohesion, shatter  
fall asleep     
doze off, drop off     (informal)   go out like a light, go to sleep, nod off     (informal)  
fall back     
back off, draw back, recede, recoil, retire, retreat, withdraw  
fall back on     
call upon, employ, have recourse to, make use of, press into service, resort to  
fall behind     
be in arrears, drop back, get left behind, lag, lose one's place, trail  
fall down     
disappoint, fail, fail to make the grade, fall short, go wrong, prove unsuccessful  
fall for  
1    become infatuated with, desire, fall in love with, lose one's head over, succumb to the charms of  
2    accept, be deceived by, be duped by, be fooled by, be taken in by, buy     (slang)   give credence to, swallow     (informal)   take on board  
fall in     
cave in, collapse, come down about one's ears, fall apart at the seams, sink  
fall in with     
accept, agree with, assent, buy into     (informal)   concur with, cooperate with, go along with, support, take on board  
fall off  
1    be unseated, come a cropper or purler     (informal)   plummet, take a fall or tumble, topple, tumble  
2    decline, decrease, diminish, drop, dwindle, ebb away, fade, fall away, go down or downhill, lessen, peter out, reduce, shrink, slacken, slump, subside, tail off     (informal)   wane, weaken  
  
Antonyms     
  
2    improve, increase, pick up, rally, recover, revive  
fall on      , fall upon  
assail, assault, attack, belabour, descend upon, lay into, pitch into     (informal)   set upon or about, snatch, tear into     (informal)  
fall out  
1    altercate, argue, clash, come to blows, differ, disagree, fight, quarrel, squabble  
2    chance, come to pass, happen, occur, pan out     (informal)   result, take place, turn out  
fall short     
be deficient, be lacking, be wanting, fail, miss, prove inadequate  
fall through     
come to nothing, fail, fizzle out     (informal)   go by the board, miscarry  
fall to  
1    apply oneself to, begin, commence, set about, start  
2    be up to, come down to, devolve upon  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

fall out of touch exp.
lose contact

Additional comments:

IsabelaK:

It sounds strange to me that i am living happy after all i have been t...

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Collaborative Dictionary     English Cobuild
id.
def.: if you are too confident about yourself, something bad will happen to show you that you are not as good as you think you are
exp.
1. break; fall apart; 2. be in a bad mood
exp.
1 (referring to taste) ferment, acidify; 2. (fig.) deteriorate, fall apart
1. The milk turned sour. 2. The relation between them turned sour.
exp.
A set of virtual assets or value in cyberspace left behind after one’s death fall on legal successors as right.
[Tech.]
exp.
worry about something; be concerned about smth. (to the point of not being able to fall asleep)
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