(=nombre de familia) surname, family name
apellido de soltera maiden name
In the Spanish-speaking world most people use two apellidos, the first being their father's first surname, and the second their mother's first surname: e.g. the surname of the children of Juan García López, married to Carmen Pérez Rodríguez would be García Pérez. Married women normally retain their own surnames but in exceptional cases they add their husband's first surname to their first surname: e.g. Carmen Pérez de García. In such cases she could also be referred to as (la) señora de García. In Latin America it is usual for the second surname to be shortened to an initial in correspondence: e.g. Juan García L.
Translation Spanish - English Collins Dictionary
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"Collins Spanish Dictionary 8th edition published in 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co Ltd 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005"