hold back synonym, hold back definition | Thesaurus

Collins

hold back

  
1    check, control, curb, inhibit, rein, repress, restrain, stem the flow, suppress  
2    desist, forbear, keep back, refuse, withhold  
English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  
Collins
hold  
      vb  
1    have, keep, maintain, occupy, own, possess, retain  
2    adhere, clasp, cleave, clinch, cling, clutch, cradle, embrace, enfold, grasp, grip, stick  
3    arrest, bind, check, confine, curb, detain, impound, imprison, pound, restrain, stay, stop, suspend  
4    assume, believe, consider, deem, entertain, esteem, judge, maintain, presume, reckon, regard, think, view  
5    continue, endure, last, persevere, persist, remain, resist, stay, wear  
6    assemble, call, carry on, celebrate, conduct, convene, have, officiate at, preside over, run, solemnize  
7    bear, brace, carry, prop, shoulder, support, sustain, take  
8    accommodate, comprise, contain, have a capacity for, seat, take  
9    apply, be in force, be the case, exist, hold good, operate, remain true, remain valid, stand up  
10    hold one's own      do well, hold fast, hold out, keep one's head above water, keep pace, keep up, maintain one's position, stand firm, stand one's ground, stay put, stick to one's guns     (informal)  
      n  
11    clasp, clutch, grasp, grip  
12    anchorage, foothold, footing, leverage, prop, purchase, stay, support, vantage  
13    ascendancy, authority, clout     (informal)   control, dominance, dominion, influence, mastery, pull     (informal)   sway  
  
Antonyms     
  
1    bestow, give, give up, hand over, offer, turn over  
2    come undone, let go, loosen  
3    free, let go, let loose, release  
4    deny, disavow, disclaim, put down, refute, reject  
5    give up, give way  
6    call off, cancel, postpone  
7    break, give way  


hold back  
1    check, control, curb, inhibit, rein, repress, restrain, stem the flow, suppress  
2    desist, forbear, keep back, refuse, withhold  
hold forth     
declaim, descant, discourse, go on, harangue, lecture, orate, preach, speak, speechify, spiel     (informal)   spout     (informal)  
hold off  
1    avoid, defer, delay, keep from, postpone, put off, refrain  
2    fend off, keep off, rebuff, repel, repulse, stave off  
hold out  
1    extend, give, offer, present, proffer  
2    carry on, continue, endure, hang on, last, persevere, persist, stand fast, stay the course, withstand  
hold over     
adjourn, defer, delay, postpone, put off, suspend, take a rain check on     (U.S. & Canad. informal)   waive  
hold-up  
1    bottleneck, delay, difficulty, hitch, obstruction, setback, snag, stoppage, traffic jam, trouble, wait  
2    burglary, mugging     (informal)   robbery, steaming     (informal)   stick-up     (slang, chiefly U.S.)   theft  
hold up  
1    delay, detain, hinder, impede, retard, set back, slow down, stop  
2    bolster, brace, buttress, jack up, prop, shore up, support, sustain  
3    mug     (informal)   rob, stick up     (slang, chiefly U.S.)   waylay  
4    display, exhibit, flaunt, present, show  
5    bear up, endure, last, survive, wear  
hold with     
agree to or with, approve of, be in favour of, countenance, subscribe to, support, take kindly to  
  
Antonyms     
   be against, disagree with, disapprove of, hold out against, oppose  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

Collins

hold

  
[5]     ( holds    3rd person present)   ( holding    present participle)   ( held    past tense & past participle  )   (PHRASAL VERBS)   hold against      phrasal verb   If you hold something against someone, you let their actions in the past influence your present attitude towards them and cause you to deal severely or unfairly with them.  
Bernstein lost the case, but never held it against Grundy.      V n P n   hold back  
1       phrasal verb   If you hold back or if something holds you back, you hesitate before you do something because you are not sure whether it is the right thing to do.  
The administration had several reasons for holding back...      V P  
Melancholy and mistrust of men hold her back.      V n P  
2       phrasal verb   To hold someone or something back means to prevent someone from doing something, or to prevent something from happening.  
Stagnation in home sales is holding back economic recovery...      V P n (not pron)  
Jake wanted to wake up, but sleep held him back.      V n P  
3       phrasal verb   If you hold something back, you keep it in reserve to use later.  
Farmers apparently hold back produce in the hope that prices will rise.      V P n (not pron), Also V n P  
4       phrasal verb   If you hold something back, you do not include it in the information you are giving about something.  
You seem to be holding something back.      V n P  
5       phrasal verb   If you hold back something such as tears or laughter, or if you hold back, you make an effort to stop yourself from showing how you feel.  
She kept trying to hold back her tears...      V P n (not pron)  
I was close to tears with frustration, but I held back.      V P, Also V n P   hold down  
1       phrasal verb   If you hold down a job or a place in a team, you manage to keep it.  
oft with brd-neg  
He never could hold down a job...      V P n (not pron)  
Constant injury problems had made it tough for him to hold down a regular first team place.      V P n (not pron), Also V n P  
2       phrasal verb   If you hold someone down, you keep them under control and do not allow them to have much freedom or power or many rights.  
Everyone thinks there is some vast conspiracy wanting to hold down the younger generation.      V P n (not pron)   hold in      phrasal verb   If you hold in an emotion or feeling, you do not allow yourself to express it, often making it more difficult to deal with.  
Depression can be traced to holding in anger...      V P n (not pron)  
Go ahead and cry. Don't hold it in.      V n P   hold off  
1       phrasal verb   If you hold off doing something, you delay doing it or delay making a decision about it.  
The hospital staff held off taking Rosenbaum in for an X-ray...      V P -ing  
They have threatened military action but held off until now.      V P  
2       phrasal verb   If you hold off a challenge in a race or competition, you do not allow someone to pass you.  
Between 1987 and 1990, Steffi Graf largely held off Navratilova's challenge for the crown.      V P n (not pron)   hold on   , hold onto  
1       phrasal verb   If you hold on, or hold onto something, you keep your hand on it or around it, for example to prevent the thing from falling or to support yourself.  
His right arm was extended up beside his head, still holding on to a coffee cup...      V P to n  
He was struggling to hold onto a rock on the face of the cliff...      V P n  
Despite her aching shoulders, Nancy held on.      V P  
2       phrasal verb   If you hold on, you manage to achieve success or avoid failure in spite of great difficulties or opposition.  
This Government deserved to lose power a year ago. It held on.      V P  
3       phrasal verb   If you ask someone to hold on, you are asking them to wait for a short time.  
SPOKEN  
(=hang on)  

The manager asked him to hold on while he investigated.      V P   hold on to   , hold onto  
1       phrasal verb   If you hold on to something that gives you an advantage, you succeed in keeping it for yourself, and prevent it from being taken away or given to someone else.  
Firms are now keen to hold on to the people they recruit.      V P P n  
...a politician who knew how to hold onto power.      V P n  
2       phrasal verb   If you hold on to something, you keep it for a longer time than would normally be expected.   (=keep)  
Do you think you could hold on to that report for the next day or two?...      V P P n  
People hold onto letters for years and years.      V P n  
3       phrasal verb   If you hold on to your beliefs, ideas, or principles, you continue to believe in them and do not change or abandon them if others try to influence you or if circumstances cause you to doubt them.  
He was imprisoned for 19 years yet held on to his belief in his people.      V P P n   hold out  
1       phrasal verb   If you hold out your hand or something you have in your hand, you move your hand away from your body, for example to shake hands with someone.  
`I'm Nancy Drew,' she said, holding out her hand...      V P n (not pron)  
2       phrasal verb   If you hold outfor something, you refuse to accept something which you do not think is good enough or large enough, and you continue to demand more.  
I should have held out for a better deal...      V P for n  
He can only hold out a few more weeks.      V P  
3       phrasal verb   If you say that someone is holding outon you, you think that they are refusing to give you information that you want.  
INFORMAL   He had always believed that kids could sense it when you held out on them.      V P on n  
4       phrasal verb   If you hold out, you manage to resist an enemy or opponent in difficult circumstances and refuse to give in.  
One prisoner was still holding out on the roof of the jail.      V P  
5       phrasal verb   If you hold out hope of something happening, you hope that in the future something will happen as you want it to.  
He still holds out hope that they could be a family again.      V P n (not pron)   hold over  
1       phrasal verb   If you hold something over someone, you use it in order to threaten them or make them do what you want.  
Did Laurie know something, and hold it over Felicity?      V n P n  
2       phrasal verb   If something isheld over, it does not happen or it is not dealt with until a future date.  
Further voting might be held over until tomorrow...      be V-ed P  
We would have held the story over until the next day.      V n P, Also V P n (not pron)   hold together      phrasal verb   If you hold a group of people together, you help them to live or work together without arguing, although they may have different aims, attitudes, or interests.  
Her 13-year-old daughter is holding the family together...      V n P  
...the political balance which holds together the government...      V P n (not pron)  
The coalition will never hold together for six months.      V P   hold up  
1       phrasal verb   If you hold up your hand or something you have in your hand, you move it upwards into a particular position and keep it there.  
She held up her hand stiffly...      V P n (not pron)  
Hold it up so that we can see it.      V n P  
2       phrasal verb   If one thing holds up another, it is placed under the other thing in order to support it and prevent it from falling.  
Mills have iron pillars all over the place holding up the roof...      V P n (not pron)  
Her legs wouldn't hold her up.      V n P  
3       phrasal verb   To hold up a person or process means to make them late or delay them.   (=delay)  
Why were you holding everyone up?...      V n P  
Continuing violence could hold up progress towards reform.      V P n (not pron)  
4       phrasal verb   If someone holds up a place such as a bank or a shop, they point a weapon at someone there to make them give them money or valuable goods.   (=rob)  
A thief ran off with hundreds of pounds yesterday after holding up a petrol station.      V P n (not pron), Also V n P  
5       phrasal verb   If you hold up something such as someone's behaviour, you make it known to other people, so that they can criticize or praise it.  
He had always been held up as an example to the younger ones.      be V-ed P as n, Also V n P as n  
6       phrasal verb   If something such as a type of business holds up in difficult conditions, it stays in a reasonably good state.  
Children's wear is one area that is holding up well in the recession.      V P  
7       phrasal verb   If an argument or theory holds up, it is true or valid, even after close examination.   (=stand up)  
I'm not sure if the argument holds up, but it's stimulating.     
8   
    hold-up   hold with      phrasal verb   If you do not hold with an activity or action, you do not approve of it.  
with brd-neg  
I don't hold with the way they do things nowadays.      V P n  

Translation English - Cobuild Collins Dictionary  

Collins
hold   [1]     ( holds    plural & 3rd person present)   ( holding    present participle)   ( held    past tense & past participle  )   (PHYSICALLY TOUCHING, SUPPORTING, OR CONTAINING)  
1       verb   When you hold something, you carry or support it, using your hands or your arms.  
Hold the knife at an angle...      V n prep/adv  
He held the pistol in his right hand...      V n  
      Hold is also a noun., n-count   usu sing  
He released his hold on the camera.     
2       n-uncount   Hold is used in expressions such as grab hold of, catch hold of, and get hold of, to indicate that you close your hand tightly around something, for example to stop something moving or falling.  
N of n  
I was woken up by someone grabbing hold of my sleeping bag..., A doctor and a nurse caught hold of his arms...     
3       verb   When you hold someone, you put your arms round them, usually because you want to show them how much you like them or because you want to comfort them.  
If only he would hold her close to him.      V n adv, Also V n  
4       verb   If you hold someone in a particular position, you use force to keep them in that position and stop them from moving.  
He then held the man in an armlock until police arrived...      V n prep  
I'd got two nurses holding me down.      V n with adv, Also V n  
5       n-count   A hold is a particular way of keeping someone in a position using your own hands, arms, or legs.  
...use of an unauthorized hold on a handcuffed suspect.     
6       verb   When you hold a part of your body, you put your hand on or against it, often because it hurts.  
Soon she was crying bitterly about the pain and was holding her throat.      V n  
7       verb   When you hold a part of your body in a particular position, you put it into that position and keep it there.  
Hold your hands in front of your face...      V n prep/adv  
He walked at a rapid pace with his back straight and his head held erect.      V-ed, Also V n adj  
8       verb   If one thing holds another in a particular position, it keeps it in that position.  
...the wooden wedge which held the heavy door open...      V n with adv  
They used steel pins to hold everything in place.      V n prep  
9       verb   If one thing is used to hold another, it is used to store it.   (=store)  
Two knife racks hold her favourite knives.      V n  
10       n-count   In a ship or aeroplane, a hold is a place where cargo or luggage is stored.  
oft n N  
A fire had been reported in the cargo hold.     
11       verb   If a place holds something, it keeps it available for reference or for future use.  
The Small Firms Service holds an enormous amount of information on any business problem...      V n  
12       verb   If something holds a particular amount of something, it can contain that amount.  
no cont  
One CD-ROM disk can hold over 100,000 pages of text.      V n  
13       verb   If a vehicle holds the road well, it remains in close contact with the road and can be controlled safely and easily.  
I thought the car held the road really well.      V n adv, Also V n  
14   
    holding  

Translation English - Cobuild Collins Dictionary  

Collaborative Dictionary     English Thesaurus
exp.
expression used for letting someone know that he/she should prepare for a difficult or unpleasant upcoming event
exp.
it's said for determining someone to calm down, be patient, control his/her reactions
exp.
adopt a detached attitude; relax
exp.
expression used when referring to something that is unlikely to happen soon (not in the time interval that one can resist holding his breath)
E.g.: "Will the economy recover any soon?" - "Don't hold your breath."
adv.
a lot; very much; in a great quantity; endlessly
[Fig.] E.g. love someone to the moon and back=love someone very much
exp.
(colloquially) tattoo on the lower back
id.
expression referring to the belief that those who hold the power are entitled to anything
exp.
User’s online presence that hold the potential to be the key to ones online identity, value and worth.
[Tech.]
o.
Actual hold of digital assets with or without lawful title.
[Tech.];[Leg.] hold of digital assets
prep.
Actual hold (complete or partial control) of digital assets with or without lawful title
[Tech.];[Leg.] hold of digital assets in cyberspace
exp.
acronym for Let Me Know, as to ask the other party to get back to you
n.
device that holds a book while reading it

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"Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 4th edition published in 2003 © HarperCollins Publishers 1987, 1995, 2001, 2003 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"
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