→ With a metal structure, there is no give
vb ( gave pt) ( given pp )
to give sth to sb, to give sb sth donner qch à qn
He gave me £10. Il m'a donné dix livres.
give or take, 12 o'clock, give or take a few minutes midi, à quelques minutes près
to give as good as one gets (mainly British) rendre coup pour coup
→ When I was at school," she said, "I gave as good as I got. If they threw stones at me, I threw sticks back at them."
I'd give anything for ... je donnerais n'importe quoi pour ...
give me ... any day, Caesar salad? Give me bread and cheese any day. Une salade César? Non merci, je préfère un bon vieux sandwich au fromage.
→ I'm a peasant when it comes to food - give me bread and cheese any day
... I'll give you that ... je suis d'accord là-dessus
→ my dad gave me a small portfolio for Christmas
[+cry, sigh] pousser
How much did you give for it? Combien (l')avez-vous payé ?
[fabric] se détendre, se relâcher
(=give free) faire cadeau de
[+bride] conduire à l'autel
vt sep rendre
to give sth back to sb rendre qch à qn
I gave the book back to him. Je lui ai rendu le livre.
His Mum gave in and let him go out. Sa mère a cédé et l'a laissé sortir.
[+smell, fumes] dégager
[+food, books] distribuer
The teacher gave out the books. Le professeur a distribué les livres.
He gave out the exam papers. Il a distribué les sujets d'examen.
to give sth over to sth
(=devote) consacrer qch à qch
→ he gave his life over to his art
to give o.s. over to sth
(=devote o.s. to)
[+study, worthwhile pursuit] se consacrer à qch
(=indulge in) s'adonner à qch
→ the soldiers gave themselves over to looting and pillage
(=stop trying) abandonner
→ After a fruitless morning at his desk he had given up.
→ a dogged determination still to be running when others gave up
I couldn't do it, so I gave up. Je n'arrivais pas à le faire, alors j'ai abandonné.
[+career] renoncer à
She gave up her career. Elle a renoncé à sa carrière.
She gave up her job. Elle a quitté son travail.
→ Rosemarie gave up her job as an accountant
He gave up his comfortable life. Il a renoncé à une vie confortable.
to give up hope cesser d'espérer
to give up doing sth arrêter de faire qch
to give up smoking arrêter de fumer
He gave up smoking. Il a arrêté de fumer.
to give o.s. up se rendre
The thief gave himself up. Le voleur s'est rendu.
He gave up 40 minutes to talk to him. Il lui a consacré 40 minutes pour lui parler.
to give up one's free time sacrifier son temps libre
→ He gave up his Sunday morning to show me how ...
[+territory, right] céder
→ While the fence appears solid in most normal circumstances, the impact of a somersaulting horse would cause it to give way
My defences gave way. Mes mécanismes de défense ont cédé.
→ My defences gradually give way and my values erode
to give way on sth céder sur qch
→ the US will probably have to give way on the death penalty
[driver] donner la priorité
to give way to sth laisser place à qch
→ The oak and alder soon give way to stunted and wind-bent hawthorn.
→ religious hatred and bigotry must give way to a strong and open community
give and take , give-and-take
n concessions fpl mutuelles
→ In every relationship there has to be a bit of give-and-take.
→ It just takes a little give and take on everybody's part.