(=be unsuccessful in)
[+exam, test] échouer à, rater
I failed the history exam. J'ai échoué à l'examen d'histoire., J'ai raté l'examen d'histoire.
to fail one's driving test échouer à son permis de conduire, rater son permis de conduire
→ I failed my driving test twice.
(in exam, test)
→ One of the examiners wanted to fail him.
[courage, memory] faire défaut à
→ At the last minute his courage failed him.
[imagination] faire défaut à
→ For once, the artist's fertile imagination failed him ...
→ ... communities who feel that the political system has failed them
Our leaders have failed us. Nos dirigeants nous ont déçus.
(=not pass) (in exam, test)
→ "Did you pass?" -- "No, I failed."
In our class, no one failed. Dans notre classe, personne n'a échoué.
[activity, attempt, plan, remedy] échouer
→ The attempt to bribe the clerk had failed.
→ He was afraid the revolution they had started would fail ...
→ After the military offensive failed, all government troops and police were withdrawn from the island.
[business, organization] échouer
→ So far this year, 104 banks have failed.
[marriage, relationship] échouer
to fail to do sth ne pas faire qch, négliger de faire qch
→ He had been fined five pounds for failing to complete a national census.
She failed to return her library books. Elle n'a pas rendu ses livres à la bibliothèque.
to fail to do sth
[person] ne pas parvenir à faire qch
→ The England team failed to win a place in the finals.
The bomb failed to explode. La bombe n'a pas explosé.
My brakes failed. Mes freins ont lâché.
n without fail sans faute → Don't worry, I'll be there without fail. → On the 30th you must without fail hand in some money for Alex → He attended every meeting without fail.
fail-safe , failsafe
[device, mechanism] à sûreté intégrée
→ The camera has a built-in failsafe device which prevents it from working if the right signals aren't received.
[method, formula] infaillible
→ It seemed a failsafe way of making money
→ the formula is not failsafe
Translation English - French Collins Dictionary
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"Collins English French Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2005"