strain definition, strain meaning | English dictionary

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Collins
strain         

[

1]  

      vb  
1    to draw or be drawn taut; stretch tight  
2    to exert, tax, or use (resources) to the utmost extent  
3    to injure or damage or be injured or damaged by overexertion  
he strained himself     
4    to deform or be deformed as a result of a stress  
5    intr   to make intense or violent efforts; strive  
6    to subject or be subjected to mental tension or stress  
7    to pour or pass (a substance) or (of a substance) to be poured or passed through a sieve, filter, or strainer  
8    tr   to draw off or remove (one part of a substance or mixture from another) by or as if by filtering  
9    tr   to clasp tightly; hug  
10    tr  
Obsolete   to force or constrain  
11    intr; foll by: at  
a    to push, pull, or work with violent exertion (upon)  
b    to strive (for)  
c    to balk or scruple (from)  
      n  
12    the act or an instance of straining  
13    the damage resulting from excessive exertion  
14    an intense physical or mental effort  
15      (Music)   often pl   a theme, melody, or tune  
16    a great demand on the emotions, resources, etc.  
17    a feeling of tension and tiredness resulting from overwork, worry, etc.; stress  
18    a particular style or recurring theme in speech or writing  
19      (Physics)   the change in dimension of a body under load expressed as the ratio of the total deflection or change in dimension to the original unloaded dimension. It may be a ratio of lengths, areas, or volumes  
     (C13: from Old French estreindre to press together, from Latin stringere to bind tightly)  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collins
strain          [2]  
      n  
1    the main body of descendants from one ancestor  
2    a group of organisms within a species or variety, distinguished by one or more minor characteristics  
3    a variety of bacterium or fungus, esp. one used for a culture  
4    a streak; trace  
5    Archaic   a kind, type, or sort  
     (Old English streon; related to Old High German gistriuni gain, Latin struere to construct)  

English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  

Collins
strain         

[

1]  

      vb  
1    distend, draw tight, extend, stretch, tauten, tighten  
2    drive, exert, fatigue, injure, overexert, overtax, overwork, pull, push to the limit, sprain, tax, tear, test, tire, twist, weaken, wrench  
3    bend over backwards     (informal)   break one's back, break one's neck     (informal)   bust a gut     (informal)   do one's damnedest     (informal)   endeavour, give it one's all     (informal)   give it one's best shot     (informal)   go all out for     (informal)   go for broke     (slang)   go for it     (informal)   knock oneself out     (informal)   labour, make an all-out effort     (informal)   make a supreme effort, rupture oneself     (informal)   strive, struggle  
4    filter, percolate, purify, riddle, screen, seep, separate, sieve, sift  
      n  
5    effort, exertion, force, injury, pull, sprain, struggle, tautness, tension, tensity     (rare)   wrench  
6    anxiety, burden, pressure, stress, tension  
7      (often plural)    air, lay, measure     (poetic)   melody, song, theme, tune  
  
Antonyms     
,       vb  
2 & 3    idle, loose, pamper, relax, rest, slacken, take it easy, yield  
      n  
5 & 6    ease, effortlessness, lack of tension, relaxation  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

Collins
strain          [2]  
      n  
1    ancestry, blood, descent, extraction, family, lineage, pedigree, race, stock  
2    streak, suggestion, suspicion, tendency, trace, trait  
3    humour, manner, spirit, style, temper, tone, vein, way  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

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