standard practice meaning, standard practice definition | English Cobuild dictionary

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standard

  

      n  
1    an accepted or approved example of something against which others are judged or measured  
2    often pl   a principle of propriety, honesty, and integrity  
she has no standards     
3    a level of excellence or quality  
a low standard of living     
4    any distinctive flag, device, etc., as of a nation, sovereign, or special cause  
5   
a    any of a variety of naval or military flags  
b    the colours of a cavalry regiment  
6    a flag or emblem formerly used to show the central or rallying point of an army in battle  
7    a large tapering flag ending in two points, originally borne by a sovereign or high-ranking noble  
8    the commodity or commodities in which is stated the value of a basic monetary unit  
the gold standard     
9    an authorized model of a unit of measure or weight  
10    a unit of board measure equal to 1980 board feet  
11    (in coinage) the prescribed proportion by weight of precious metal and base metal that each coin must contain  
12    an upright pole or beam, esp. one used as a support  
13   
a    a piece of furniture consisting of an upright pole or beam on a base or support  
b    (as modifier)  
a standard lamp     
14   
a    a plant, esp. a fruit tree, that is trained so that it has an upright stem free of branches  
b    (as modifier)  
a standard cherry     
15    a song or piece of music that has remained popular for many years  
16    the largest petal of a papilionaceous flower, such as a sweetpea  
17    (in New Zealand and, formerly, in England and Wales) a class or level of attainment in an elementary school  
      adj  
18    of the usual, regularized, medium, or accepted kind  
a standard size     
19    of recognized authority, competence, or excellence  
the standard work on Greece     
20    denoting or characterized by idiom, vocabulary, etc., that is regarded as correct and acceptable by educated native speakers  
   Compare       nonstandard       informal  
21      (Brit)   (formerly) (of eggs) of a size that is smaller than large and larger than medium  
     (C12: from Old French estandart gathering place, flag to mark such a place, probably of Germanic origin; compare Old High German stantan to stand, Old High German ort place)  


American Standard Version  
      n   a revised version of the Authorized (King James) Version of the Bible, published by a committee of American scholars in 1901  
Atlantic Standard Time  
      n   the local time used in eastern Canada, four hours behind Greenwich Mean Time,   (Abbrev.)    AST  
British Standard brass thread  
      n     (Engineering)   a Whitworth screw thread having 26 threads per inch, used for thin-walled tubing and designated by the diameter of the tubing,   (Abbrev)    BSB  
British Standard fine thread  
      n     (Engineering)   a screw thread having a Whitworth profile but a finer pitch for a given diameter,   (Abbrev)    BSF  
British Standard pipe thread  
      n     (Engineering)   a screw thread of Whitworth profile used for piping and designated by the bore of the pipe,   (Abbrev)    BSP  
British Standard Time  
      n   the standard time used in Britain all the year round from 1968 to 1971, set one hour ahead of Greenwich Mean Time and equalling Central European Time  
British Standard Whitworth thread  
      n      See       Whitworth screw thread     (Abbrev)    BSW  
Central Standard Time  
      n   one of the standard times used in North America, based on the local time of the 90° meridian, six hours behind Greenwich Mean Time,   (Abbrev.)    CST  
double standard  
      n   a set of principles that allows greater freedom to one person or group than to another  
Eastern Standard Time  
      n   one of the standard times used in North America, five hours behind Greenwich Mean Time,   (Abbrev.)    EST  
gold-exchange standard  
      n   a monetary system by which one country's currency, which is not itself based on the gold standard, is kept at a par with another currency that is based on the gold standard  
gold standard  
      n   a monetary system in which the unit of currency is defined with reference to gold  
Interim Standard Atmosphere  
      n   an agreed theoretical description of the atmosphere for altitudes between 50 and 80 km, pending refinement by further measurements  
   See       International Standard Atmosphere  
International Standard Atmosphere  
      n   a theoretical vertical distribution of the physical properties of the atmosphere up to an altitude of 50 km established by international agreement. It permits the standardization of aircraft instruments and performance of all types of flying vehicles  
lamp standard  
      n   a tall metal or concrete post supporting a street lamp  
Mountain Standard Time  
      n   one of the standard times used in North America, seven hours behind Greenwich Mean Time,   (Abbrev.)    MST  
Pacific Standard Time  
      n   one of the standard times used in North America, based on the local time of the 120° meridian, eight hours behind Greenwich Mean Time,   (Abbrev.)    PST  
Parker Morris standard  
      n   often pl   (in Britain) a set of minimum criteria for good housing construction, design, and facilities, recommended by the 1961 report of the Central Housing Advisory Committee chaired by Sir Parker Morris. Subsequent governments have urged private and local authority house-builders to achieve these standards  
Revised Standard Version  
      n   a revision by American scholars of the American Standard Version of the Bible. The New Testament was published in 1946 and the entire Bible in 1953  
Royal Standard  
      n   a flag bearing the arms of the British sovereign, flown only when she (or he) is present  
silver standard  
      n   a monetary system in which the legal unit of currency is defined with reference to silver of a specified fineness and weight and sometimes (esp. formerly) freely redeemable for it  
standard amenities  
      pl n     (in Britain, Social welfare)   the sanitary facilities recommended for all dwellings by the housing law: a fixed bath or shower, wash-hand basin, and sink, all supplied with hot and cold water, and a flush toilet  
standard assessment tasks  
      pl n     (Brit, Education)   externally devised assessments in core subjects which complement those carried out by teachers,   (Abbrev)   
  SATS  
standard-bearer  
      n  
1    an officer or man who carries a standard  
2    a leader of a cause or party  
standard-bred  
      n   a U.S. and Canadian breed of trotting and pacing horse, used esp. for harness-racing  
     (C19: so called because they are bred to attain a prescribed standard of speed)  
standard candle  
      n   another name for candela: not in scientific usage because of possible confusion with the former international candle  
standard cell  
      n   a voltaic cell producing a constant and accurately known electromotive force that can be used to calibrate voltage-measuring instruments  
standard cost  
      n     (Accounting)   the predetermined budgeted cost of a regular manufacturing process against which actual costs are compared  
standard deviation  
      n     (Statistics)   a measure of dispersion obtained by extracting the square root of the mean of the squared deviations of the observed values from their mean in a frequency distribution  
standard error  
      n     (Statistics)   the estimated standard deviation of a parameter, the value of which is not known exactly  
standard function  
      n     (Computing)   a subprogram provided by a translator that carries out a task, for example the computation of a mathematical function, such as sine, square root, etc.  
standard gauge  
      n  
1    a railway track with a distance of 4 ft. 8½ in. (1.435 m) between the lines; used on most railways  
   See also       narrow gauge       broad gauge  
      adj  
  standard-gauge, standard-gauged  
2    of, relating to, or denoting a railway with a standard gauge  
Standard Grade  
      n   (in Scotland) a type of examination designed to test skills and the application of knowledge, replaced O grade  
standard housing benefit  
      n     (in Britain, Social welfare)   a rebate of a proportion of a person's eligible housing costs paid by a local authority and calculated on the basis of level of income and family size  
standard model  
      n     (Physics)   a theory of fundamental interactions in which the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions are described in terms of the exchange of virtual particles  
standard normal distribution  
      n     (Statistics)   a normal distribution with mean zero and variance 1, with probability density function <lsb>exp(--½x2)<rsb>/square root 2<Gpi>  
standard of living  
      n   a level of subsistence or material welfare of a community, class, or person  
standard scratch score  
      n     (Golf)   the number of strokes a scratch player would need to go round a particular course, based on the length of each hole to the green and allowing 36 putts for the round  
standard time  
      n   the official local time of a region or country determined by the distance from Greenwich of a line of longitude passing through the area  
Weston standard cell  
      n   a primary cell used as a standard of emf, producing 1.018636 volts: consists of a mercury anode and a cadmium amalgam cathode in an electrolyte of saturated cadmium sulphate,   (Former name)    cadmium cell  
     (C20: from a trademark)  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collaborative Dictionary     English Definition
n.
Norme d'accès facile aux biens immobiliers.
adj.
basic, standard, with no special features
[Bus.]
v.
to practice something excessively, to train too much
n.
The practice of restricting the amount of food a person eats (self-imposed starvation seen with anorexia nervosa) in order to consume greater amounts of alcohol or of purging (as seen with bulimia nervosa) to try to reduce caloric intake to offset the calories consumed in alcohol.
[Med.] "Drunkorexic" behaviors most often stem from the fear of weight gain from alcohol.
n.
a portmanteau of 'employer' and 'voyeurism'. signifies the act of searching for an employer or the practice of an employer when looking to fill positions. The term places an emphasis on the secretive connotation of the word 'voyeur', denoting a clandestine and thus superior form of employment search
[Tech.] Ex.: Employerism is what one must engage in, if one wishes to embark upon a more productive job hunt!
exp.
expression used to describe the practice of a company using internally the marketed products
[Bus.] expression originating from and widely used in software industry; the practice is also known as "dogfooding"
adj.
undesirable, at much lower standards than expected
synonym for "shitty"

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"Collins English Dictionary 5th Edition first published in 2000 © HarperCollins Publishers 1979, 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"