self initiative definition, self initiative meaning | English dictionary

Collins

self

  

      n   pl   , selves  
1    the distinct individuality or identity of a person or thing  
2    a person's usual or typical bodily make-up or personal characteristics  
she looked her old self again     
3    good self (or selves)  
Rare   a polite way of referring to or addressing a person (or persons), used following your, his, her, or their  
4    one's own welfare or interests  
he only thinks of self     
5    an individual's consciousness of his own identity or being  
6      (Philosophy)   usually preceded by: the   that which is essential to an individual, esp. the mind or soul in Cartesian metaphysics; the ego  
7    a bird, animal. etc., that is a single colour throughout, esp. a self-coloured pigeon  
      pron  
8    Not standard   myself, yourself, etc.  
seats for self and wife     
      adj  
9    of the same colour or material  
a dress with a self belt         See also       self-coloured  
10    Obsolete   the same  
     (Old English seolf; related to Old Norse sjalfr, Gothic silba, Old High German selb)  


self-  
      combining form  
1    of oneself or itself  
self-defence, self-rule     
2    by, to, in, due to, for, or from the self  
self-employed, self-inflicted, self-respect     
3    automatic or automatically  
self-propelled     
self-abnegation  
      n   the denial of one's own interests in favour of the interests of others  
  self-abnegating      adj  
self-absorption  
      n  
1    preoccupation with oneself to the exclusion of others or the outside world  
2      (Physics)   the process in which some of the radiation emitted by a material is absorbed by the material itself  
self-abuse  
      n  
1    disparagement or misuse of one's own abilities, etc.  
2       a censorious term for       masturbation  
self-acting  
      adj   not requiring an external influence or control to function; automatic  
  self-action      n  
self-actualization  
      n     (Psychol)   the process of establishing oneself as a whole person, able to develop one's abilities and to understand oneself  
self-addressed  
      adj  
1    addressed for return to the sender  
2    directed to oneself  
a self-addressed remark     
self-advocacy  
      n     (Social welfare)     (esp. in the U.S.)  
1   
a    the practice of having mentally handicapped people speak for themselves and control their own affairs, rather than having nonhandicapped people automatically assume responsibility for them  
   See also       normalization  
b    (as modifier)  
a self-advocacy group     
2    the act or condition of representing oneself, either generally in society or in formal proceedings, such as a court  
self-aggrandizement  
      n   the act of increasing one's own power, importance, etc., esp. in an aggressive or ruthless manner  
  self-aggrandizing      adj  
self-annealing  
      adj     (Metallurgy)   denoting certain metals, such as lead, tin, and zinc, that recrystallize at air temperatures and so may be cold-worked without strain-hardening  
self-annihilation  
      n   the surrender of the self in mystical contemplation, union with God, etc.  
self-appointed  
      adj   having assumed authority without the agreement of others  
a self-appointed critic     
self-assertion  
      n   the act or an instance of putting forward one's own opinions, etc., esp. in an aggressive or conceited manner  
  self-asserting      adj  
  self-assertingly      adv  
  self-assertive      adj  
  self-assertively      adv  
  self-assertiveness      n  
self-assessment  
      n  
1    an evaluation of one's own abilities and failings  
2      (Finance)   a system to enable taxpayers to assess their own tax liabilities  
self-assurance  
      n   confidence in the validity, value, etc., of one's own ideas, opinions, etc.  
self-assured  
      adj   confident of one's own worth  
  self-assuredly      adv  
  self-assuredness      n  
self-catering  
      adj   denoting accommodation in which the tenant or visitor provides and prepares his own food  
self-centred  
      adj   totally preoccupied with one's own concerns  
  self-centredly      adv  
  self-centredness      n  
self-certification  
      n   (in Britain) a formal assertion by a worker to his employer that absence from work for up to seven days was due to sickness. From 1982 this replaced a doctor's certificate for the purposes of paying sickness benefit  
   See also       sick note  
self-coloured  
      adj  
1    having only a single and uniform colour  
self-coloured flowers, a self-coloured dress     
2      (of cloth, material, etc.)  
a    having the natural or original colour  
b    retaining the colour of the thread before weaving  
self-command  
      n      another term for       self-control  
self-concept  
      n     (Psychol)   the whole set of attitudes, opinions, and cognitions that a person has of himself  
self-confessed  
      adj   according to one's own testimony or admission  
a self-confessed liar     
self-confidence  
      n   confidence in one's own powers, judgment, etc.  
  self-confident      adj  
  self-confidently      adv  
self-conscious  
      adj  
1    unduly aware of oneself as the object of the attention of others; embarrassed  
2    conscious of one's existence  
  self-consciously      adv  
  self-consciousness      n  
self-contained  
      adj  
1    containing within itself all parts necessary for completeness  
2    (of a flat) having its own kitchen, bathroom, and lavatory not shared by others and usually having its own entrance  
3    able or tending to keep one's feelings, thoughts, etc., to oneself; reserved  
4    able to control one's feelings or emotions in the presence of others  
  self-containedly      adv  
  self-containedness      n  
self-control  
      n   the ability to exercise restraint or control over one's feelings, emotions, reactions, etc.  
  self-controlled      adj  
  self-controlling      adj  
self-deception   , self-deceit  
      n   the act or an instance of deceiving oneself, esp. as to the true nature of one's feelings or motives  
  self-deceptive      adj  
self-defence  
      n  
1    the act of defending oneself, one's actions, ideas, etc.  
2    boxing as a means of defending the person (esp. in the phrase noble art of self-defence)  
3      (Law)   the right to defend one's person, family, or property against attack or threat of attack by the use of no more force than is reasonable  
  self-defensive      adj  
self-denial  
      n   the denial or sacrifice of one's own desires  
  self-denying      adj  
  self-denyingly      adv  
self-deprecating   , self-depreciating  
      adj   having a tendency to disparage oneself  
self-determination  
      n  
1    the power or ability to make a decision for oneself without influence from outside  
2    the right of a nation or people to determine its own form of government without influence from outside  
  self-determined      adj  
  self-determining      adj  
self-discipline  
      n   the act of disciplining or power to discipline one's own feelings, desires, etc., esp. with the intention of improving oneself  
  self-disciplined      adj  
self-dissociation  
      n     (Chem)   the splitting of the molecules of certain highly polar liquids, such as water and liquid ammonia, into ions  
self-drive  
      adj   denoting or relating to a hired car that is driven by the hirer  
self-educated  
      adj  
1    educated through one's own efforts without formal instruction  
2    educated at one's own expense, without financial aid  
  self-education      n  
self-effacement  
      n   the act of making oneself, one's actions, etc., inconspicuous, esp. because of humility or timidity  
  self-effacing      adj  
  self-effacingly      adv  
self-employed  
      adj   earning one's living in one's own business or through freelance work, rather than as the employee of another  
  self-employment      n  
self-esteem  
      n  
1    respect for or a favourable opinion of oneself  
2    an unduly high opinion of oneself; vanity  
self-evident  
      adj   containing its own evidence or proof without need of further demonstration  
  self-evidence      n  
  self-evidently      adv  
self-examination  
      n   scrutiny of one's own conduct, motives, desires, etc.  
  self-examining      adj  
self-excited  
      adj  
1    (of an electrical machine) having the current for the magnetic field system generated by the machine itself or by an auxiliary machine coupled to it  
2    (of an oscillator) generating its own energy and depending on resonant circuits for frequency determination  
self-executing  
      adj   (of a law, treaty, or clause in a deed or contract, etc.) coming into effect automatically at a specified time, no legislation or other action being needed for enforcement  
self-existent  
      adj     (Philosophy)   existing independently of any other being or cause  
  self-existence      n  
self-explanatory   ,   (less commonly)   self-explaining  
      adj   understandable without explanation; self-evident  
self-expression  
      n   the expression of one's own personality, feelings, etc., as in painting, poetry, or other creative activity  
  self-expressive      adj  
self-feeder  
      n   any machine or device capable of automatically supplying materials when and where they are needed, esp. one for making measured quantities of food constantly available to farm livestock  
self-fertilization  
      n   fertilization in a plant or animal by the fusion of male and female gametes produced by the same individual  
   Compare       cross-fertilization       1  
  self-fertilized      adj  
  self-fertilizing, self-fertile      adj  
self-forgetful  
      adj   forgetful of one's own interests  
  self-forgetfully      adv  
  self-forgetfulness      n  
self-government  
      n  
1    the government of a country, nation, etc., by its own people  
2    the state of being self-controlled  
3       an archaic term for       self-control  
  self-governed      adj  
  self-governing      adj  
self-help  
      n  
1    the act or state of providing the means to help oneself without relying on the assistance of others  
2   
a    the practice of solving one's problems by joining or forming a group designed to help those suffering from a particular problem  
b    (as modifier)  
a self-help group     
self-identity  
      n   the conscious recognition of the self as having a unique identity  
self-image  
      n   one's own idea of oneself or sense of one's worth  
self-important  
      adj   having or showing an unduly high opinion of one's own abilities, importance, etc.  
  self-importantly      adv  
  self-importance      n  
self-improvement  
      n   the improvement of one's status, position, education, etc., by one's own efforts  
self-induced  
      adj  
1    induced or brought on by oneself or itself  
2      (Electronics)   produced by self-induction  
self-inductance  
      n   the inherent inductance of a circuit, given by the ratio of the electromotive force produced in the circuit by self-induction to the rate of change of current producing it. It is usually expressed in henries.,   (Symbol)    L     (Also called)    coefficient of self-induction  
self-induction  
      n   the production of an electromotive force in a circuit when the magnetic flux linked with the circuit changes as a result of a change in current in the same circuit  
   See also       self-inductance  
  
Compare  
    mutual induction  
  self-inductive      adj  
self-indulgent  
      adj   tending to indulge one's own desires, etc.  
  self-indulgence      n  
  self-indulgently      adv  
self-insurance  
      n   the practice of insuring oneself or one's property by accumulating a reserve out of one's income or funds rather than by purchase of an insurance policy  
self-interest  
      n  
1    one's personal interest or advantage  
2    the act or an instance of pursuing one's own interest  
  self-interested      adj  
  self-interestedness      n  
self-justification  
      n   the act or an instance of justifying or providing excuses for one's own behaviour, etc.  
self-justifying  
      adj   offering excuses for one's behaviour, often when they are not called for  
self-knowledge  
      n   knowledge of one's own character, etc.  
self-liquidating  
      adj  
1    (of a loan, bill of exchange, etc.) used to finance transactions whose proceeds are expected to accrue before the date of redemption or repayment  
2    (of a business transaction, project, investment, etc.) yielding proceeds sufficient to cover the initial outlay or to finance any recurrent outlays  
self-loading  
      adj   (of a firearm) utilizing some of the force of the explosion to eject the empty shell and replace it with a new one,   (Also)    autoloading      See also       automatic       5       semiautomatic       2  
  self-loader      n  
self-love  
      n   the instinct or tendency to seek one's own well-being or to further one's own interest  
self-made  
      adj  
1    having achieved wealth, status, etc., by one's own efforts  
2    made by oneself  
self-opinionated   ,   (less commonly)   self-opinioned  
      adj  
1    having an unduly high regard for oneself or one's own opinions  
2    clinging stubbornly to one's own opinions  
self-pity  
      n   the act or state of pitying oneself, esp. in an exaggerated or self-indulgent manner  
  self-pitying      adj  
  self-pityingly      adv  
self-pollination  
      n   the transfer of pollen from the anthers to the stigma of the same flower  
   Compare       cross-pollination  
  self-pollinated      adj  
self-possessed  
      adj   having control of one's emotions, etc.  
  self-possessedly      adv  
  self-possession      n  
self-preservation  
      n   the preservation of oneself from danger or injury, esp. as a basic instinct  
self-pronouncing  
      adj   (in a phonetic transcription) of, relating to, or denoting a word that, except for additional diacritic marks of stress, may keep the letters of its ordinary orthography to represent its pronunciation  
self-propelled  
      adj   (of a vehicle) provided with its own source of tractive power rather than requiring an external means of propulsion  
  self-propelling      adj  
self-raising  
      adj   (of flour) having a raising agent, such as baking powder, already added  
self-realization  
      n   the realization or fulfilment of one's own potential or abilities  
self-regard  
      n  
1    concern for one's own interest  
2    proper esteem for oneself  
self-regarding  
      adj  
1    self-centred; egotistical  
2      (Philosophy)   (of an action) affecting the interests of no-one other than the agent, and hence, according to John Stuart Mill, immune from moral criticism  
self-regulating organization  
      n   one of several British organizations set up in 1986 under the auspices of the Securities and Investment Board to regulate the activities of London investment markets,   (Abbrev.)    SRO  
self-reliance  
      n   reliance on one's own abilities, decisions, etc.  
  self-reliant      adj  
  self-reliantly      adv  
self-renunciation  
      n   the renunciation of one's own rights, claims, interest, etc., esp. in favour of those of others  
  self-renunciatory      adj  
self-reproach  
      n   the act of finding fault with or blaming oneself  
  self-reproachful      adj  
  self-reproachfully      adv  
self-respect  
      n   a proper sense of one's own dignity and integrity  
  self-respectful, self-respecting      adj  
self-restraint  
      n   restraint imposed by oneself on one's own feelings, desires, etc.  
self-righteous  
      adj   having or showing an exaggerated awareness of one's own virtuousness or rights  
  self-righteously      adv  
  self-righteousness      n  
self-rule  
      n      another term for       self-government       1  
self-sacrifice  
      n   the sacrifice of one's own desires, interest, etc., for the sake of duty or for the well-being of others  
  self-sacrificing      adj  
  self-sacrificingly      adv  
self-satisfied  
      adj   having or showing a complacent satisfaction with oneself, one's own actions, behaviour, etc.  
  self-satisfaction      n  
self-sealing  
      adj   (esp. of an envelope) designed to become sealed with the application of pressure only  
self-seeking  
      n  
1    the act or an instance of seeking one's own profit or interest, esp. exclusively  
      adj  
2    having or showing an exclusive preoccupation with one's own profit or interest  
a self-seeking attitude     
  self-seeker      n  
self-service  
      adj  
1    of or denoting a shop, restaurant, petrol station, etc., where the customer serves himself  
      n  
2    the practice of serving oneself, as in a shop, etc.  
self-serving  
      adj   habitually seeking one's own advantage, esp. at the expense of others  
self-sown  
      adj   (of plants) growing from seed dispersed by any means other than by the agency of man or animals,   (Also)    self-seeded  
self-starter  
      n  
1    an electric motor used to start an internal-combustion engine  
2    the switch that operates this motor  
3    a person who is strongly motivated and shows initiative, esp. at work  
self-styled  
      adj   prenominal   claiming to be of a specified nature, quality, profession, etc.  
a self-styled expert     
self-sufficient   , self-sufficing  
      adj   able to provide for or support oneself without the help of others  
  self-sufficiency      n  
  self-sufficiently      adv  
self-suggestion  
      n      another term for       autosuggestion  
self-supporting  
      adj  
1    able to support or maintain oneself without the help of others  
2    able to stand up or hold firm without support, props, attachments, etc.  
self-tapping  
      adj   (of a screw) cutting its own thread when screwed into a plain hole in a metal sheet  
self-tender  
      n   an offer by a company to buy back some or all of its shares from its shareholders, esp. as a protection against an unwelcome takeover bid  
self-violence  
      n  
Euphemistic   suicide  
self-will  
      n   stubborn adherence to one's own will, desires, etc., esp. at the expense of others  
  self-willed      adj  
self-winding  
      adj   (of a wrist watch) having a mechanism, activated by the movements of the wearer, in which a rotating or oscillating weight rewinds the mainspring  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
See also:

self-, sel, shelf, skelf

Collaborative Dictionary     English Definition
n.
ability to make decisions and take action without waiting for someone to tell you what to do
I showed my initiative when I became a group leader in class.
exp.
To position ones self, or an object like your rusty old car, in a place that is not only open and clearly visible to all, it is unavoidably in just about everyone's way.
[Slang] "You can't miss him, he's over there, parked in his POS Volvo, smack dab in the middle of the road!" source : Urban Dictionary
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"Collins English Dictionary 5th Edition first published in 2000 © HarperCollins Publishers 1979, 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"