self initiative meaning, self initiative definition | English Cobuild dictionary

Collins

self

  

      n   pl   , selves  
1    the distinct individuality or identity of a person or thing  
2    a person's usual or typical bodily make-up or personal characteristics  
she looked her old self again     
3    good self (or selves)  
Rare   a polite way of referring to or addressing a person (or persons), used following your, his, her, or their  
4    one's own welfare or interests  
he only thinks of self     
5    an individual's consciousness of his own identity or being  
6      (Philosophy)   usually preceded by: the   that which is essential to an individual, esp. the mind or soul in Cartesian metaphysics; the ego  
7    a bird, animal. etc., that is a single colour throughout, esp. a self-coloured pigeon  
      pron  
8    Not standard   myself, yourself, etc.  
seats for self and wife     
      adj  
9    of the same colour or material  
a dress with a self belt         See also       self-coloured  
10    Obsolete   the same  
     (Old English seolf; related to Old Norse sjalfr, Gothic silba, Old High German selb)  


self-  
      combining form  
1    of oneself or itself  
self-defence, self-rule     
2    by, to, in, due to, for, or from the self  
self-employed, self-inflicted, self-respect     
3    automatic or automatically  
self-propelled     
self-abnegation  
      n   the denial of one's own interests in favour of the interests of others  
  self-abnegating      adj  
self-absorption  
      n  
1    preoccupation with oneself to the exclusion of others or the outside world  
2      (Physics)   the process in which some of the radiation emitted by a material is absorbed by the material itself  
self-abuse  
      n  
1    disparagement or misuse of one's own abilities, etc.  
2       a censorious term for       masturbation  
self-acting  
      adj   not requiring an external influence or control to function; automatic  
  self-action      n  
self-actualization  
      n     (Psychol)   the process of establishing oneself as a whole person, able to develop one's abilities and to understand oneself  
self-addressed  
      adj  
1    addressed for return to the sender  
2    directed to oneself  
a self-addressed remark     
self-advocacy  
      n     (Social welfare)     (esp. in the U.S.)  
1   
a    the practice of having mentally handicapped people speak for themselves and control their own affairs, rather than having nonhandicapped people automatically assume responsibility for them  
   See also       normalization  
b    (as modifier)  
a self-advocacy group     
2    the act or condition of representing oneself, either generally in society or in formal proceedings, such as a court  
self-aggrandizement  
      n   the act of increasing one's own power, importance, etc., esp. in an aggressive or ruthless manner  
  self-aggrandizing      adj  
self-annealing  
      adj     (Metallurgy)   denoting certain metals, such as lead, tin, and zinc, that recrystallize at air temperatures and so may be cold-worked without strain-hardening  
self-annihilation  
      n   the surrender of the self in mystical contemplation, union with God, etc.  
self-appointed  
      adj   having assumed authority without the agreement of others  
a self-appointed critic     
self-assertion  
      n   the act or an instance of putting forward one's own opinions, etc., esp. in an aggressive or conceited manner  
  self-asserting      adj  
  self-assertingly      adv  
  self-assertive      adj  
  self-assertively      adv  
  self-assertiveness      n  
self-assessment  
      n  
1    an evaluation of one's own abilities and failings  
2      (Finance)   a system to enable taxpayers to assess their own tax liabilities  
self-assurance  
      n   confidence in the validity, value, etc., of one's own ideas, opinions, etc.  
self-assured  
      adj   confident of one's own worth  
  self-assuredly      adv  
  self-assuredness      n  
self-catering  
      adj   denoting accommodation in which the tenant or visitor provides and prepares his own food  
self-centred  
      adj   totally preoccupied with one's own concerns  
  self-centredly      adv  
  self-centredness      n  
self-certification  
      n   (in Britain) a formal assertion by a worker to his employer that absence from work for up to seven days was due to sickness. From 1982 this replaced a doctor's certificate for the purposes of paying sickness benefit  
   See also       sick note  
self-coloured  
      adj  
1    having only a single and uniform colour  
self-coloured flowers, a self-coloured dress     
2      (of cloth, material, etc.)  
a    having the natural or original colour  
b    retaining the colour of the thread before weaving  
self-command  
      n      another term for       self-control  
self-concept  
      n     (Psychol)   the whole set of attitudes, opinions, and cognitions that a person has of himself  
self-confessed  
      adj   according to one's own testimony or admission  
a self-confessed liar     
self-confidence  
      n   confidence in one's own powers, judgment, etc.  
  self-confident      adj  
  self-confidently      adv  
self-conscious  
      adj  
1    unduly aware of oneself as the object of the attention of others; embarrassed  
2    conscious of one's existence  
  self-consciously      adv  
  self-consciousness      n  
self-contained  
      adj  
1    containing within itself all parts necessary for completeness  
2    (of a flat) having its own kitchen, bathroom, and lavatory not shared by others and usually having its own entrance  
3    able or tending to keep one's feelings, thoughts, etc., to oneself; reserved  
4    able to control one's feelings or emotions in the presence of others  
  self-containedly      adv  
  self-containedness      n  
self-control  
      n   the ability to exercise restraint or control over one's feelings, emotions, reactions, etc.  
  self-controlled      adj  
  self-controlling      adj  
self-deception   , self-deceit  
      n   the act or an instance of deceiving oneself, esp. as to the true nature of one's feelings or motives  
  self-deceptive      adj  
self-defence  
      n  
1    the act of defending oneself, one's actions, ideas, etc.  
2    boxing as a means of defending the person (esp. in the phrase noble art of self-defence)  
3      (Law)   the right to defend one's person, family, or property against attack or threat of attack by the use of no more force than is reasonable  
  self-defensive      adj  
self-denial  
      n   the denial or sacrifice of one's own desires  
  self-denying      adj  
  self-denyingly      adv  
self-deprecating   , self-depreciating  
      adj   having a tendency to disparage oneself  
self-determination  
      n  
1    the power or ability to make a decision for oneself without influence from outside  
2    the right of a nation or people to determine its own form of government without influence from outside  
  self-determined      adj  
  self-determining      adj  
self-discipline  
      n   the act of disciplining or power to discipline one's own feelings, desires, etc., esp. with the intention of improving oneself  
  self-disciplined      adj  
self-dissociation  
      n     (Chem)   the splitting of the molecules of certain highly polar liquids, such as water and liquid ammonia, into ions  
self-drive  
      adj   denoting or relating to a hired car that is driven by the hirer  
self-educated  
      adj  
1    educated through one's own efforts without formal instruction  
2    educated at one's own expense, without financial aid  
  self-education      n  
self-effacement  
      n   the act of making oneself, one's actions, etc., inconspicuous, esp. because of humility or timidity  
  self-effacing      adj  
  self-effacingly      adv  
self-employed  
      adj   earning one's living in one's own business or through freelance work, rather than as the employee of another  
  self-employment      n  
self-esteem  
      n  
1    respect for or a favourable opinion of oneself  
2    an unduly high opinion of oneself; vanity  
self-evident  
      adj   containing its own evidence or proof without need of further demonstration  
  self-evidence      n  
  self-evidently      adv  
self-examination  
      n   scrutiny of one's own conduct, motives, desires, etc.  
  self-examining      adj  
self-excited  
      adj  
1    (of an electrical machine) having the current for the magnetic field system generated by the machine itself or by an auxiliary machine coupled to it  
2    (of an oscillator) generating its own energy and depending on resonant circuits for frequency determination  
self-executing  
      adj   (of a law, treaty, or clause in a deed or contract, etc.) coming into effect automatically at a specified time, no legislation or other action being needed for enforcement  
self-existent  
      adj     (Philosophy)   existing independently of any other being or cause  
  self-existence      n  
self-explanatory   ,   (less commonly)   self-explaining  
      adj   understandable without explanation; self-evident  
self-expression  
      n   the expression of one's own personality, feelings, etc., as in painting, poetry, or other creative activity  
  self-expressive      adj  
self-feeder  
      n   any machine or device capable of automatically supplying materials when and where they are needed, esp. one for making measured quantities of food constantly available to farm livestock  
self-fertilization  
      n   fertilization in a plant or animal by the fusion of male and female gametes produced by the same individual  
   Compare       cross-fertilization       1  
  self-fertilized      adj  
  self-fertilizing, self-fertile      adj  
self-forgetful  
      adj   forgetful of one's own interests  
  self-forgetfully      adv  
  self-forgetfulness      n  
self-government  
      n  
1    the government of a country, nation, etc., by its own people  
2    the state of being self-controlled  
3       an archaic term for       self-control  
  self-governed      adj  
  self-governing      adj  
self-help  
      n  
1    the act or state of providing the means to help oneself without relying on the assistance of others  
2   
a    the practice of solving one's problems by joining or forming a group designed to help those suffering from a particular problem  
b    (as modifier)  
a self-help group     
self-identity  
      n   the conscious recognition of the self as having a unique identity  
self-image  
      n   one's own idea of oneself or sense of one's worth  
self-important  
      adj   having or showing an unduly high opinion of one's own abilities, importance, etc.  
  self-importantly      adv  
  self-importance      n  
self-improvement  
      n   the improvement of one's status, position, education, etc., by one's own efforts  
self-induced  
      adj  
1    induced or brought on by oneself or itself  
2      (Electronics)   produced by self-induction  
self-inductance  
      n   the inherent inductance of a circuit, given by the ratio of the electromotive force produced in the circuit by self-induction to the rate of change of current producing it. It is usually expressed in henries.,   (Symbol)    L     (Also called)    coefficient of self-induction  
self-induction  
      n   the production of an electromotive force in a circuit when the magnetic flux linked with the circuit changes as a result of a change in current in the same circuit  
   See also       self-inductance  
  
Compare  
    mutual induction  
  self-inductive      adj  
self-indulgent  
      adj   tending to indulge one's own desires, etc.  
  self-indulgence      n  
  self-indulgently      adv  
self-insurance  
      n   the practice of insuring oneself or one's property by accumulating a reserve out of one's income or funds rather than by purchase of an insurance policy  
self-interest  
      n  
1    one's personal interest or advantage  
2    the act or an instance of pursuing one's own interest  
  self-interested      adj  
  self-interestedness      n  
self-justification  
      n   the act or an instance of justifying or providing excuses for one's own behaviour, etc.  
self-justifying  
      adj   offering excuses for one's behaviour, often when they are not called for  
self-knowledge  
      n   knowledge of one's own character, etc.  
self-liquidating  
      adj  
1    (of a loan, bill of exchange, etc.) used to finance transactions whose proceeds are expected to accrue before the date of redemption or repayment  
2    (of a business transaction, project, investment, etc.) yielding proceeds sufficient to cover the initial outlay or to finance any recurrent outlays  
self-loading  
      adj   (of a firearm) utilizing some of the force of the explosion to eject the empty shell and replace it with a new one,   (Also)    autoloading      See also       automatic       5       semiautomatic       2  
  self-loader      n  
self-love  
      n   the instinct or tendency to seek one's own well-being or to further one's own interest  
self-made  
      adj  
1    having achieved wealth, status, etc., by one's own efforts  
2    made by oneself  
self-opinionated   ,   (less commonly)   self-opinioned  
      adj  
1    having an unduly high regard for oneself or one's own opinions  
2    clinging stubbornly to one's own opinions  
self-pity  
      n   the act or state of pitying oneself, esp. in an exaggerated or self-indulgent manner  
  self-pitying      adj  
  self-pityingly      adv  
self-pollination  
      n   the transfer of pollen from the anthers to the stigma of the same flower  
   Compare       cross-pollination  
  self-pollinated      adj  
self-possessed  
      adj   having control of one's emotions, etc.  
  self-possessedly      adv  
  self-possession      n  
self-preservation  
      n   the preservation of oneself from danger or injury, esp. as a basic instinct  
self-pronouncing  
      adj   (in a phonetic transcription) of, relating to, or denoting a word that, except for additional diacritic marks of stress, may keep the letters of its ordinary orthography to represent its pronunciation  
self-propelled  
      adj   (of a vehicle) provided with its own source of tractive power rather than requiring an external means of propulsion  
  self-propelling      adj  
self-raising  
      adj   (of flour) having a raising agent, such as baking powder, already added  
self-realization  
      n   the realization or fulfilment of one's own potential or abilities  
self-regard  
      n  
1    concern for one's own interest  
2    proper esteem for oneself  
self-regarding  
      adj  
1    self-centred; egotistical  
2      (Philosophy)   (of an action) affecting the interests of no-one other than the agent, and hence, according to John Stuart Mill, immune from moral criticism  
self-regulating organization  
      n   one of several British organizations set up in 1986 under the auspices of the Securities and Investment Board to regulate the activities of London investment markets,   (Abbrev.)    SRO  
self-reliance  
      n   reliance on one's own abilities, decisions, etc.  
  self-reliant      adj  
  self-reliantly      adv  
self-renunciation  
      n   the renunciation of one's own rights, claims, interest, etc., esp. in favour of those of others  
  self-renunciatory      adj  
self-reproach  
      n   the act of finding fault with or blaming oneself  
  self-reproachful      adj  
  self-reproachfully      adv  
self-respect  
      n   a proper sense of one's own dignity and integrity  
  self-respectful, self-respecting      adj  
self-restraint  
      n   restraint imposed by oneself on one's own feelings, desires, etc.  
self-righteous  
      adj   having or showing an exaggerated awareness of one's own virtuousness or rights  
  self-righteously      adv  
  self-righteousness      n  
self-rule  
      n      another term for       self-government       1  
self-sacrifice  
      n   the sacrifice of one's own desires, interest, etc., for the sake of duty or for the well-being of others  
  self-sacrificing      adj  
  self-sacrificingly      adv  
self-satisfied  
      adj   having or showing a complacent satisfaction with oneself, one's own actions, behaviour, etc.  
  self-satisfaction      n  
self-sealing  
      adj   (esp. of an envelope) designed to become sealed with the application of pressure only  
self-seeking  
      n  
1    the act or an instance of seeking one's own profit or interest, esp. exclusively  
      adj  
2    having or showing an exclusive preoccupation with one's own profit or interest  
a self-seeking attitude     
  self-seeker      n  
self-service  
      adj  
1    of or denoting a shop, restaurant, petrol station, etc., where the customer serves himself  
      n  
2    the practice of serving oneself, as in a shop, etc.  
self-serving  
      adj   habitually seeking one's own advantage, esp. at the expense of others  
self-sown  
      adj   (of plants) growing from seed dispersed by any means other than by the agency of man or animals,   (Also)    self-seeded  
self-starter  
      n  
1    an electric motor used to start an internal-combustion engine  
2    the switch that operates this motor  
3    a person who is strongly motivated and shows initiative, esp. at work  
self-styled  
      adj   prenominal   claiming to be of a specified nature, quality, profession, etc.  
a self-styled expert     
self-sufficient   , self-sufficing  
      adj   able to provide for or support oneself without the help of others  
  self-sufficiency      n  
  self-sufficiently      adv  
self-suggestion  
      n      another term for       autosuggestion  
self-supporting  
      adj  
1    able to support or maintain oneself without the help of others  
2    able to stand up or hold firm without support, props, attachments, etc.  
self-tapping  
      adj   (of a screw) cutting its own thread when screwed into a plain hole in a metal sheet  
self-tender  
      n   an offer by a company to buy back some or all of its shares from its shareholders, esp. as a protection against an unwelcome takeover bid  
self-violence  
      n  
Euphemistic   suicide  
self-will  
      n   stubborn adherence to one's own will, desires, etc., esp. at the expense of others  
  self-willed      adj  
self-winding  
      adj   (of a wrist watch) having a mechanism, activated by the movements of the wearer, in which a rotating or oscillating weight rewinds the mainspring  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
See also:

self-, sel, shelf, skelf

Collaborative Dictionary     English Definition
n.
The ability to make decisions and take action without waiting for someone to tell you what to do
I showed my initiative when I became a group leader in class.
n.
self-taken picture
[Slang];[Fam.]
adj.
cool, balanced, self-confident
e.g. a very together woman
exp.
go crazy; get angry; lose self-control
E.g.: I will lose it if we keep listening to this song.
n.
A tenacious confidence;mental toughness,self-belief,deep respect
exp.
phrase meant to emphasize the speaker's self-assurance
syn.: you can bet on it; trust me; you can count on it; I'm telling you...
n.
The practice of restricting the amount of food a person eats (self-imposed starvation seen with anorexia nervosa) in order to consume greater amounts of alcohol or of purging (as seen with bulimia nervosa) to try to reduce caloric intake to offset the calories consumed in alcohol.
[Med.] "Drunkorexic" behaviors most often stem from the fear of weight gain from alcohol.

head

Reverso Community

  • Create your own vocabulary list
  • Contribute to the Collaborative Dictionary
  • Improve and share your linguistic knowledge
Advertising
"Collins English Dictionary 5th Edition first published in 2000 © HarperCollins Publishers 1979, 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"