negative polarity definition, negative polarity meaning | English dictionary

Collins

negative polarity  


      n     (Grammar)   the grammatical character of a word or phrase, such as ever or any, that may normally only be used in a semantically or syntactically negative or interrogative context  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collins
negative  
      adj  
1    expressing or meaning a refusal or denial  
a negative answer     
2    lacking positive or affirmative qualities, such as enthusiasm, interest, or optimism  
3    showing or tending towards opposition or resistance  
4   
a    measured in a direction opposite to that regarded as positive  
b    having the same magnitude but opposite sense to an equivalent positive quantity  
5      (Biology)   indicating movement or growth away from a particular stimulus  
negative geotropism     
6      (Med)   (of the results of a diagnostic test) indicating absence of the disease or condition for which the test was made  
7       another word for       minus       3b, 5  
8      (Physics)  
a    (of an electric charge) having the same polarity as the charge of an electron  
b    (of a body, system, ion, etc.) having a negative electric charge; having an excess of electrons  
c    (of a point in an electric circuit) having a lower electrical potential than some other point with an assigned zero potential  
9       short for       electronegative  
10    (of a lens) capable of causing divergence of a parallel beam of light  
11    of or relating to a photographic negative  
12      (Logic)   (of a categorial proposition) denying the satisfaction by the subject of the predicate, as in some men are irrational; no pigs have wings  
13      (Astrology)   of, relating to, or governed by the signs of the zodiac of the earth and water classifications, which are thought to be associated with a receptive passive nature  
14       short for       Rh negative  
      n  
15    a statement or act of denial, refusal, or negation  
16    a negative person or thing  
17      (Photog)   a piece of photographic film or a plate, previously exposed and developed, showing an image that, in black-and-white photography, has a reversal of tones. In colour photography the image is in complementary colours to the subject so that blue sky appears yellow, green grass appears purple, etc.  
18      (Physics)   a negative object, such as a terminal or a plate in a voltaic cell  
19    a sentence or other linguistic element with a negative meaning, as the English word not  
20    a quantity less than zero or a quantity to be subtracted  
21      (Logic)   a negative proposition  
22    Archaic   the right of veto  
23    in the negative   indicating denial or refusal  
      sentence substitute  
24       (esp. in military communications) a signal code word for       no   1  
      vb   tr  
25    to deny or nullify; negate  
26    to show to be false; disprove  
27    to refuse consent to or approval of  
the proposal was negatived        (Compare)        positive       affirmative  
  negatively      adv  
  negativeness, negativity      n  


double negative  
      n   a syntactic construction, often considered ungrammatical in standard Modern English, in which two negatives are used where one is needed, as in I wouldn't never have believed it  
There are two contexts where double negatives are found. An adjective with negative force is often used with a negative in order to express a nuance of meaning somewhere between the positive and the negative: he was a not infrequent visitor; it is not an uncommon sight. Two negatives are also found together where they reinforce each other rather than conflict: he never went back, not even to collect his belongings. These two uses of what is technically a double negative are acceptable. A third case, illustrated by I shouldn't wonder if it didn't rain today, has the force of a weak positive statement (I expect it to rain today) and is common in informal English  
false negative  
      n  
1    a result in a medical test which wrongly indicates the absence of the condition being tested for  
2    a person from whom such a result is obtained  
Gram-negative  
      adj   designating bacteria that fail to retain the violet stain in Gram's method  
negative equity  
      n   the state of holding a property the value of which is less than the amount of mortgage still unpaid  
negative feedback  
      n      See       feedback  
negative hallucination  
      n     (Psychol)   an apparent abnormal inability to perceive an object  
negative polarity  
      n     (Grammar)   the grammatical character of a word or phrase, such as ever or any, that may normally only be used in a semantically or syntactically negative or interrogative context  
negative-raising  
      n     (Transformational grammar)   a rule that moves a negative element out of the complement clause of certain verbs, such as think, into the main clause, as in the derivation of He doesn't think that he'll finish  
negative reinforcement  
      n     (Psychol)   the reinforcing of a response by giving an aversive stimulus when the response is not made and omitting the aversive stimulus when the response is made  
negative resistance  
      n   a characteristic of certain electronic components in which an increase in the applied voltage increases the resistance, producing a proportional decrease in current  
negative sign  
      n   the symbol (--) used to indicate a negative quantity or a subtraction; minus sign  
negative tax  
      n   a payment by the State to a person with a low income, the magnitude of the payment increasing as the income decreases. It is regarded as a form of social welfare,   (Also called)    negative income tax  
Rh negative  
      n  
1    blood that does not contain the Rh factor  
2    a person having such blood  

English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  

Collins

negative  


      adj  
1    contradictory, contrary, denying, dissenting, opposing, recusant, refusing, rejecting, resisting  
2    annulling, counteractive, invalidating, neutralizing, nullifying  
3    antagonistic, colourless, contrary, cynical, gloomy, jaundiced, neutral, pessimistic, uncooperative, unenthusiastic, uninterested, unwilling, weak  
      n  
4    contradiction, denial, refusal  
  
Antonyms     
,       adj  
1    affirmative, approving, assenting, concurring  
3    cheerful, enthusiastic, optimistic, positive  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

Collaborative Dictionary     English Definition
exp.
= bad press: negative opinion or image expressed in the media
The firm got some negative press over that decision
exp.
be the most affected by a unpleasant situation; be considered the main responsible for a negative event
E.g.: If the deadline is not met, the production department will bear the brunt
exp.
have a powerful impact on someone; impress; generate an emotion (positive, but also negative)
it can be used to describe a feeling of fear or a positive emotion; e.g.: "This violin music gives me the chills" or "Being all alone in that old house after dark...it gave me the chills."
exp.
take an action that will complicate things; do something with a negative impact

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"Collins English Dictionary 5th Edition first published in 2000 © HarperCollins Publishers 1979, 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"