memory lapse definition, memory lapse meaning | English dictionary

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memory

  

      n   pl   , -ries  
1   
a    the ability of the mind to store and recall past sensations, thoughts, knowledge, etc.  
he can do it from memory     
b    the part of the brain that appears to have this function  
2    the sum of everything retained by the mind  
3    a particular recollection of an event, person, etc.  
4    the time over which recollection extends  
within his memory     
5    commemoration or remembrance  
in memory of our leader     
6    the state of being remembered, as after death  
7      (Also called)    RAM, main store, store   a part of a computer in which information is stored for immediate use by the central processing unit  
   See also       backing store       virtual storage  
8    the tendency for a material, system, etc., to show effects that depend on its past treatment or history  
9    the ability of a material, etc., to return to a former state after a constraint has been removed  
     (C14: from Old French memorie, from Latin memoria, from memor mindful)  


bubble memory  
      n     (Computing)   a method of storing high volumes of data by the use of minute pockets of magnetism (bubbles) in a semiconducting material: the bubbles may be caused to migrate past a read head or to a buffer area for storage  
cache memory  
      n     (Computing)   a small area of memory in a computer that can be accessed very quickly  
collective memory  
      n   the shared memories of a group, family, race, etc.  
direct memory access  
      n   a process in which data may be moved directly to or from the main memory of a computer system by operations not under the control of the central processing unit,   (Abbrev.)    DMA  
echoic memory  
      n     (Psychol)   the ability to recapture the exact impression of a sound shortly after the sound has finished  
   Compare       iconic memory  
false memory syndrome  
      n   an alleged condition in which a person undergoing psychotherapy erroneously believes in traumatic events in his or her childhood  
   See also       recovered memory  
flashbulb memory  
      n     (Psychol)   the clear recollections that a person may have of the circumstances associated with a dramatic event  
folk memory  
      n   the memory of past events as preserved in a community  
iconic memory  
      n     (Psychol)   the temporary persistence of visual impressions after the stimulus has been removed  
   Compare       echoic memory  
long-term memory  
      n     (Psychol)   that section of the memory storage system in which experiences are stored on a semipermanent basis  
   Compare       short-term memory  
main memory  
      n   the central memory-storage facility in a computer  
memory mapping  
      n   a technique whereby computer peripherals may be addressed as though they formed part of the main memory of the computer  
memory span  
      n     (Psychol)   the capacity of short-term memory, usually between 5 and 10 items  
memory trace  
      n     (Psychol)   the hypothetical structural alteration in brain cells following learning  
   See also       engram  
recovered memory  
      n   the alleged recollection of traumatic events from childhood by a person undergoing psychotherapy  
   See also       false memory syndrome  
screen memory  
      n     (Psychoanal)   a memory that is tolerable but allied to a distressing event and which is unconsciously used to hide the distressing memory  
short-term memory  
      n     (Psychol)   that section of the memory storage system of limited capacity (approximately seven items) that is capable of storing material for a brief period of time  
   Compare       long-term memory  
working memory  
      n     (Psychol)   the current contents of consciousness  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
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"Collins English Dictionary 5th Edition first published in 2000 © HarperCollins Publishers 1979, 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"