family background definition, family background meaning | English dictionary

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family  


      n   pl   , -lies  
1   
a    a primary social group consisting of parents and their offspring, the principal function of which is provision for its members  
b    (as modifier)  
family quarrels, a family unit     
2    one's wife or husband and one's children  
3    one's children, as distinguished from one's husband or wife  
4    a group of persons related by blood; a group descended from a common ancestor  
   Compare       extended family  
5    all the persons living together in one household  
6    any group of related things or beings, esp. when scientifically categorized  
7      (Biology)   any of the taxonomic groups into which an order is divided and which contains one or more genera. Felidae (cat family) and Canidae (dog family) are two families of the order Carnivora  
8      (Ecology)   a group of organisms of the same species living together in a community  
9    a group of historically related languages assumed to derive from one original language  
10      (Chiefly U.S.)   an independent local group of the Mafia  
11      (Maths)   a group of curves or surfaces whose equations differ from a given equation only in the values assigned to one or more constants in each curve  
a family of concentric circles     
12      (Physics)   the isotopes, collectively, that comprise a radioactive series  
13    in the family way  
Informal   pregnant  
     (C15: from Latin familia a household, servants of the house, from famulus servant)  


extended family  
      n     (Sociol, anthropol)   a social unit that contains the nuclear family together with blood relatives, often spanning three or more generations  
family allowance  
      n  
1       (in Britain) a former name for       child benefit  
2    caps      the Canadian equivalent of       child benefit  
family Bible  
      n   a large Bible used for family worship in which births, marriages, and deaths are recorded  
family circle  
      n  
1    members of a family regarded as a closed group  
2      (Chiefly U.S.)   the cheap seating area in a theatre behind or above the dress circle  
Family Compact  
      n     (Canadian)  
1    the. the ruling oligarchy in Upper Canada in the early 19th century  
2    often not cap   any influential clique  
family credit  
      n   (in Britain) a means-tested allowance paid to families who have at least one dependent child, and whose earnings from full-time work are low. It replaced Family Income Supplement  
Family Division  
      n     (Brit. law)   a division of the High Court of Justice dealing with divorce, the custody of and rights of access to children, etc.  
family doctor  
      n      See       general practitioner  
family grouping  
      n   a system, used usually in the infant school, of grouping children of various ages together, esp. for project work,   (Also called)    vertical grouping  
Family Income Supplement  
      n   (in Britain) formerly a means-tested benefit for families who had at least one dependent child, and whose earnings from full-time work were low,   (Abbrev.)    FIS  
family man  
      n   a man who is married and has children, esp. one who is devoted to his family  
family name  
      n  
1    a surname, esp. when regarded as representing the family honour  
2    a first or middle name frequently used in a family, often originally a surname  
family planning  
      n   the control of the number of children in a family and of the intervals between them, esp. by the use of contraceptives  
   See also       birth control  
family skeleton  
      n   a closely guarded family secret  
family support  
      n     (N.Z)   a means-tested allowance for families in need  
family therapy  
      n   a form of psychotherapy in which the members of a family participate, with the aim of improving communications between them and the ways in which they relate to each other  
family tree  
      n   a chart showing the genealogical relationships and lines of descent of a family,   (Also called)    genealogical tree  
Holy Family  
      n  
the     (Christianity)   the infant Jesus, Mary, and St Joseph  
nuclear family  
      n     (Sociol, anthropol)   a primary social unit consisting of parents and their offspring  
   Compare       extended family  
one-parent family  
      n   a household consisting of at least one dependent child and the mother or father, the other parent being dead or permanently absent  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collaborative Dictionary     English Definition
n.
to support your family
exp.
expression meaning that several or all members of a family have something in common (a skill, a feature, a path or a behavior)
E.g.: He became an actor too. It runs in the family.
exp.
expression used when referring to someone's profession, background, social class or life experience
E.g: People from all walks of life will participate to the event
exp.
A small business that is typically owned and run by members of a family
n.
parent whose children no longer leave in the family home
exp.
be/not be interested in getting married and having a family

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"Collins English Dictionary 5th Edition first published in 2000 © HarperCollins Publishers 1979, 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"