disease process meaning, disease process definition | English Cobuild dictionary

Collins

disease

  

      n  
1    any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp. a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc., producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general  
2    a corresponding condition in plants  
3    any situation or condition likened to this  
the disease of materialism         Related adj       pathological  
     (C14: from Old French desaise; see dis-1, ease)  


Addison's disease  
      n   a disease characterized by deep bronzing of the skin, anaemia, and extreme weakness, caused by underactivity of the adrenal glands,   (Also called)    adrenal insufficiency  
     (C19: named after Thomas Addison (1793--1860), British physician who identified it)  
Alzheimer's disease  
      n   a disorder of the brain resulting in a progressive decline in intellectual and physical abilities and eventual dementia,   (Often shortened to)    Alzheimers  
     (C20: named after A. Alzheimer (1864--1915), German physician who first identified it)  
Batten's disease  
      n   a rare hereditary disease in which lipids accumulate in the nervous system, leading to mental deterioration, spasticity, and blindness that start in early childhood  
     (C20: named after F. E. Batten (1865--1918), British neurologist)  
bleeder's disease  
      n      a nontechnical name for       haemophilia  
Bornholm disease  
      n   an epidemic virus infection characterized by pain round the base of the chest  
     (C20: named after Bornholm, where it was first described)  
Bright's disease  
      n   chronic inflammation of the kidneys; chronic nephritis  
     (C19: named after Richard Bright (1789--1858), British physician)  
British disease  
      n   usually preceded by: the   the pattern of strikes and industrial unrest in the 1970s and early 1980s supposed by many during this time to be endemic in Britain and to weaken the British economy  
brittle bone disease  
      n      the nontechnical name for       osteogenesis imperfecta  
brown lung disease  
      n      another name for       byssinosis  
caisson disease  
      n      another name for       decompression sickness  
Chagas' disease  
      n   a form of trypanosomiasis found in South America, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, characterized by fever and, often, inflammation of the heart muscles,   (Also called)    (South) American trypanosomiasis      Compare       sleeping sickness  
     (C20: named after Carlos Chagas (1879--1934), Brazilian physician who first described it)  
Christmas disease  
      n   a relatively mild type of haemophilia, caused by lack of a protein (Christmas factor) implicated in the process of blood clotting  
     (C20: named after S. Christmas, the first patient suffering from the disease who was examined in detail)  
coeliac disease  
      n   a chronic intestinal disorder of young children caused by sensitivity to the protein gliadin contained in the gluten of cereals, characterized by distention of the abdomen and frothy and pale foul-smelling stools  
coronary heart disease  
      n   any heart disorder caused by disease of the coronary arteries  
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease  
      n     (Pathol)   a fatal slow-developing disease that affects the central nervous system, characterized by mental deterioration and loss of coordination of the limbs. It is thought to be caused by an abnormal prion protein in the brain  
     (C20: named after Hans G. Creutzfeldt (1885--1964) and Alfons Jakob (1884--1931), German physicians)  
Crohn's disease  
      n   inflammation, thickening, and ulceration of any of various parts of the intestine, esp. the ileum,   (Also called)    regional enteritis      See also       Johne's disease  
     (C20: named after B. B. Crohn (1884--1983), US physician)  
Cushing's disease   , syndrome  
      n   a rare condition caused by excess corticosteroid hormones in the body, characterized chiefly by obesity of the trunk and face, high blood pressure, fatigue, and loss of calcium from the bones  
     (C20: named after H. W. Cushing)  
deficiency disease  
      n  
1      (Med)   any condition, such as pellagra, beriberi, or scurvy, produced by a lack of vitamins or other essential substances  
   Compare       avitaminosis  
2      (Botany)   any disease caused by lack of essential minerals  
degenerative joint disease  
      n      another name for       osteoarthritis  
Dutch disease  
      n   the deindustrialization of an economy as a result of the discovery of a natural resource, as that which occurred in Holland with the exploitation of North Sea Oil, which raised the value of the Dutch currency, making its exports uncompetitive and causing its industry to decline  
Dutch elm disease  
      n   a disease of elm trees caused by the fungus Ceratocystis ulmi and characterized by withering of the foliage and stems and eventual death of the tree  
Ebola virus disease  
      n   a severe infectious disease characterized by fever, vomiting, and internal bleeding  
   Compare       Marburg disease  
     (C20: named after the Ebola river, N Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaïre), where an outbreak occurred in 1976)  
Economo's disease  
      n     (Pathol)      another name for       sleeping sickness       2  
     (C20: named after K. von Economo (1876--1931), Austrian neurologist)  
fifth disease  
      n   a mild infectious disease of childhood, caused by a virus, characterized by fever and a red rash spreading from the cheeks to the limbs and trunk,   (Also called)    slapped-cheek disease     (Technical name)    erythema infectiosum  
     (C20: from its being among the five most common childhood infections)  
fishskin disease  
      n     (Pathol)      a nontechnical name for       ichthyosis  
foot-and-mouth disease  
      n   an acute highly infectious viral disease of cattle, pigs, sheep, and goats, characterized by the formation of vesicular eruptions in the mouth and on the feet, esp. around the hoofs,   (Also called)    hoof-and-mouth disease  
functional disease  
      n   a disease in which there is no observable change in the structure of an organ or part  
   Compare       organic disease  
Graves' disease  
      n      another name for       exophthalmic goitre  
     (C19: named after R. J. Graves (1796--1853), Irish physician)  
green monkey disease  
      n      another name for       Marburg disease  
Hansen's disease  
      n     (Pathol)      another name for       leprosy  
     (C20: named after G. H. Hansen (1841--1912), Norwegian physician)  
Hodgkin's disease  
      n   a malignant disease, a form of lymphoma, characterized by enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen, and liver,   (Also called)    lymphoadenoma, lymphogranulomatosis  
     (C19: named after Thomas Hodgkin (1798--1866), London physician, who first described it)  
hookworm disease  
      n      the nontechnical name for       ancylostomiasis  
Huntingdon's disease  
      n   a rare hereditary type of chorea, marked by involuntary jerky movements, impaired speech, and increasing dementia,   (Former name)    Huntingtons chorea  
     (C19: named after George Huntington (1850--1916), US neurologist)  
industrial disease  
      n   any disease to which workers in a particular industry are prone  
Johne's disease  
      n   an infectious disease of ruminants characterized by chronic inflammation of the bowel and caused by Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, a bacterium that can be transmitted in milk and is a possible cause of Crohn's disease in humans  
     (C20: named after H. A. Johne (1839--1910), German veterinary surgeon)  
Kawasaki's disease  
      n   a disease of children that causes a rash, fever, and swelling of the lymph nodes and often damages the heart muscle  
     (C20: named after T. Kawasaki, Japanese physician who first described it)  
loco disease   , poisoning  
      n   a disease of cattle, sheep, and horses characterized by paralysis and faulty vision, caused by ingestion of locoweed  
Lou Gehrig's disease  
      n      another name for       amyotrophic lateral sclerosis  
     (C20: named after Lou Gehrig (1903--41), US baseball player who suffered from it)  
Lyme disease  
      n   a disease of domestic animals and humans, caused by the spirochaete Borrelia burghdorferi and transmitted by ticks, and variously affecting the joints, heart, and brain  
     (C20: named after Lyme, Connecticut, the town where it was first identified in humans)  
mad cow disease  
      n      an informal name for       BSE  
Marburg disease  
      n   a severe, sometimes fatal, viral disease of the green monkey, which may be transmitted to humans. Symptoms include fever, vomiting, and internal bleeding,   (Also called)    green monkey disease  
mosaic disease  
      n   a serious viral disease of plants, esp. tobacco, maize, and sugar cane, in which the leaves become mottled by discoloration  
motor neurone disease  
      n   a progressively degenerative disease of the motor system causing muscle weakness and wasting  
Newcastle disease  
      n   an acute viral disease of birds, esp. poultry, characterized by pneumonia and inflammation of the central nervous system  
     (C20: named after Newcastle upon Tyne, where it was recorded in 1926)  
organic disease  
      n   any disease in which there is a physical change in the structure of an organ or part  
   Compare       functional disease  
Paget's disease  
      n  
1      (Also called)    osteitis deformans   a chronic disease of the bones characterized by inflammation and deformation  
2      (Also called)    Pagets cancer   cancer of the nipple and surrounding tissue  
     (C19: named after Sir James Paget (1814--99), British surgeon and pathologist, who described these diseases)  
Parkinson's disease  
      n   a progressive chronic disorder of the central nervous system characterized by impaired muscular coordination and tremor,   (Often shortened to)    Parkinsons     (Also called)    Parkinsonism, Parkinsons syndrome, paralysis agitans, shaking palsy  
     (C19: named after James Parkinson (1755--1824), British surgeon, who first described it)  
pelvic inflammatory disease  
      n   inflammation of a woman's womb, Fallopian tubes, or ovaries as a result of infection with one of a group of bacteria,   (Abbrev.)    PID  
Pott's disease  
      n   a disease of the spine, usually caused by tubercular infection and characterized by weakening and gradual disintegration of the vertebrae and the intervertebral discs  
     (C18: named after Percivall Pott (1714--88), English surgeon)  
pullorum disease  
      n   an acute serious bacterial disease of very young birds, esp. chickens, characterized by a whitish diarrhoea: caused by Salmonella pullorum, transmitted during egg production,   (Also called)    bacillary white diarrhoea  
     (Latin pullorum of chickens, from pullus chicken)  
Raynaud's disease  
      n   a disease, mainly affecting women, in which spasms in the blood vessels of the fingers or toes restrict blood flow to the affected part, which becomes pale, numb, and sometimes painful,   (Often shortened to)    Raynauds  
     (named after Maurice Raynaud (1834--81), French physician who first described it)  
rickettsial disease  
      n   any of several acute infectious diseases caused by ticks, mites, or body lice infected with rickettsiae. The main types include typhus, spotted fever, Q fever, trench fever, and tsutsugamushi disease  
slapped-cheek disease  
      n      another name for       fifth disease  
swine vesicular disease  
      n   a viral disease of swine characterized by vesicular lesions on the feet, legs, snout, and tongue  
Tay-Sachs disease  
      n   an inherited disorder, caused by a faulty recessive gene, in which lipids accumulate in the brain, leading to mental retardation and blindness. It occurs mostly in Ashkenazi Jews  
     (C20: named after W. Tay (1843--1927), British physician, and B. Sachs (1858--1944), US neurologist)  
tsutsugamushi disease  
      n  
1    one of the five major groups of acute infectious rickettsial diseases affecting man, common in Asia and including scrub typhus. It is caused by the microorganism Rickettsia tsutsugamushi, transmitted by the bite of mites  
2       another name for       scrub typhus  
     (from Japanese, from tsutsuga disease + mushi insect)  
tunnel disease  
      n      another name (esp. formerly) for       decompression sickness  
     (so called because it used to be common among people who were digging tunnels)  
venereal disease  
      n   any of various diseases, such as syphilis or gonorrhoea, transmitted by sexual intercourse,   (Abbrev.)    VD  
Weil's disease  
      n      another name for       leptospirosis  
     (named after Adolf Weil (1848--1916), German physician)  
wool-sorter's disease  
      n      another name for       anthrax  
yuppie disease   , flu  
      n  
Informal, sometimes considered offensive   any of a number of debilitating long-lasting viral disorders associated with stress, such as chronic fatigue syndrome, whose symptoms include muscle weakness, chronic tiredness, and depression  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collaborative Dictionary     English Definition
adj.
Suffering for a disease; destroyed
n.
An agile management process for software development
Don't translate it, but use it as technical term
n.
process of creating ideas ; creation of ideas
o.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig's Disease
Medical term
n.
activity involving dumping a bucket of ice water on your head and challenge other three friends to do so in order to promote awareness of the disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and encourage donations to research.
also called "ice water challenge", viral campaign on social media during July–August 2014
n.
the process of using the knowledge or information you have in order to understand something or form an opinion, or the opinion that you form ()
I have to make deductions about the meaning of words in poem then, I could understand more.
n.
the process of taking away an amount from a total, or the amount that is taken away
When I went shopping with my mother, our shopping bill was deducted 10% because we used our M-card.
n.
the process of reaching a conclusion about something because of other things that you know to be true
[US] I often find my stuff by using deduction but sometimes it doesn't help at all.
n.
a process by which two or more things affect each other ()
I learned the idea of interactions in ecosystems. It was hard to understand because there are many kinds of interactions that made me feel confused.
n.
a process by which two or more things affect each other
In my science class, I learned the interaction between humans and the Earth is getting more negative because people keep emitting the carbon dioxide.
n.
A process by which fish are taken from a weir with the use of a net which is dipped in the water
adj.
1. [Comp.] a device that once plugged in is automatically recognized by the system and launches the expected process without any action on the user's side; 2. [Bus.] a new employee who is able to start work without too much induction and training
[Comp.];[Bus.] can be used as both noun and adjective: plug and play device; plug and play employee or simply plug and play (noun)
n.
innovation paradigm that assumes firms should use external ideas and/or external paths to market in their innovation process
[Tech.];[Bus.] word coined by Henry Chesbrough, who opposes this paradigm to the closed innovation one, where all the innovation process happens within the borders of the firm.
n.
is a test process that is performed after the software has been changed in order to verify if the changes didn't affect other software parts
v.
launch the process, launch the project, make sure that progress is under way
idiom
prep.
Digital estate Planning is the process having uniform rules of envisaging and arranging for the clearance of digital assets during a person physical life under virtual identity.
[Leg.];[Tech.] arranging for the clearance of digital assets
n.
SEO solution in such a way that the search engines will crawl your website and ranked it well on the top position. SEO is the process of improving the search and quality of visitors to your website for targeted keywords.

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"Collins English Dictionary 5th Edition first published in 2000 © HarperCollins Publishers 1979, 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"
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