alcohol burner definition, alcohol burner meaning | English dictionary

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alcohol  


      n  
1    a colourless flammable liquid, the active principle of intoxicating drinks, produced by the fermentation of sugars, esp. glucose, and used as a solvent and in the manufacture of organic chemicals. Formula: C2H5OH,   (Also called)    ethanol, ethyl alcohol  
2    a drink or drinks containing this substance  
3      (Chem)   any one of a class of organic compounds that contain one or more hydroxyl groups bound to carbon atoms that are not part of an aromatic ring. The simplest alcohols have the formula ROH, where R is an alkyl group  
   Compare       phenol       2  
  
See also  
    diol       triol  
     (C16: via New Latin from Medieval Latin, from Arabic al-kuhl powdered antimony; see kohl)  


absolute alcohol  
      n   a liquid containing at least 99 per cent of pure ethanol by weight  
alcohol-free  
      adj  
1    (of beer or wine) containing only a trace of alcohol  
   Compare       low-alcohol  
2    (of a period of time) during which no alcoholic drink is consumed  
there should be one or two alcohol-free days a week     
allyl alcohol  
      n   a colourless pungent poisonous liquid used in the manufacture of resins, plasticizers, and other organic chemicals. Formula: CH2:CHCH2OH; relative density: 0.85; melting pt.: --129°C; boiling pt.: 96.9°C  
amyl alcohol  
      n   a colourless flammable liquid existing in eight isomeric forms that is used as a solvent and in the manufacture of organic compounds and pharmaceuticals. Formula: C5H11OH  
butyl alcohol  
      n      another name for       butanol  
denatured alcohol  
      n     (Chem)   ethanol rendered unfit for human consumption by the addition of a noxious substance, as in methylated spirits  
ethyl alcohol  
      n      another name for       alcohol       1  
fetal alcohol syndrome  
      n   a condition in newborn babies caused by excessive intake of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy: characterized by various defects including mental retardation  
grain alcohol  
      n   ethanol containing about 10 per cent of water, made by the fermentation of grain  
lauryl alcohol  
      n   a water-insoluble crystalline solid used in the manufacture of detergents; 1-dodecanol. Formula: CH3(CH2)10CH2OH  
     (C20: from laur(ic acid) + -yl)  
low-alcohol  
      adj   (of beer or wine) containing only a small amount of alcohol  
   Compare       alcohol-free  
methyl alcohol  
      n      another name for       methanol  
rubbing alcohol  
      n   a liquid usually consisting of 70 per cent denatured ethyl alcohol, used by external application as an antiseptic or rubefacient  
wood alcohol  
      n      another name for       methanol  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collaborative Dictionary     English Definition
n.
The practice of restricting the amount of food a person eats (self-imposed starvation seen with anorexia nervosa) in order to consume greater amounts of alcohol or of purging (as seen with bulimia nervosa) to try to reduce caloric intake to offset the calories consumed in alcohol.
[Med.] "Drunkorexic" behaviors most often stem from the fear of weight gain from alcohol.

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"Collins English Dictionary 5th Edition first published in 2000 © HarperCollins Publishers 1979, 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"