absolute power definition, absolute power meaning | English dictionary

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absolute

  

      adj  
1    complete; perfect  
2    free from limitations, restrictions, or exceptions; unqualified  
an absolute choice     
3    having unlimited authority; despotic  
an absolute ruler     
4    undoubted; certain  
the absolute truth     
5    not dependent on, conditioned by, or relative to anything else; independent  
an absolute term in logic, the absolute value of a quantity in physics     
6    pure; unmixed  
absolute alcohol     
7    (of a grammatical construction) syntactically independent of the main clause, as for example the construction Joking apart in the sentence Joking apart, we'd better leave now  
8      (Grammar)   (of a transitive verb) used without a direct object, as the verb intimidate in the sentence His intentions are good, but his rough manner tends to intimidate  
9      (Grammar)   (of an adjective) used as a noun, as for instance young and aged in the sentence The young care little for the aged  
10      (Physics)  
a    postpositive   (of a pressure measurement) not relative to atmospheric pressure  
the pressure was 5 bar absolute         Compare       gauge       18  
b    denoting absolute or thermodynamic temperature  
11      (Maths)  
a      (Also)    numerical   (of a value) having a magnitude but no sign  
b    (of a constant) never changing in value  
c    (of an inequality) unconditional  
d    (of a term) not containing a variable  
12      (Law)   (of a court order or decree) coming into effect immediately and not liable to be modified; final  
   See       decree absolute  
13      (Law)   (of a title to property, etc.) not subject to any encumbrance or condition  
      n  
14    something that is absolute  
     (C14: from Latin absolutus unconditional, freed from, from absolvere. See absolve)  


ablative absolute  
      n   an absolute construction in Latin grammar in which a governor noun and a modifier in the ablative case function as a sentence modifier; for example, hostibus victis, ``the enemy having been beaten''  
Absolute  
      n   sometimes not cap  
1      (Philosophy)  
a    the ultimate basis of reality  
b    that which is totally unconditioned, unrestricted, pure, perfect, or complete  
2    (in the philosophy of Hegel) that towards which all things evolve dialectically  
absolute alcohol  
      n   a liquid containing at least 99 per cent of pure ethanol by weight  
absolute ceiling  
      n   the maximum height above sea level, usually measured in feet or metres, at which an aircraft can maintain horizontal flight  
   Compare       service ceiling  
absolute configuration  
      n     (Chem)   the spatial arrangement of atoms or groups in a chemical compound about an asymmetric atom  
   See       chirality  
absolute humidity  
      n   the humidity of the atmosphere expressed as the number of grams of water contained in 1 cubic metre of air  
   Compare       relative humidity  
absolute judgment  
      n     (Psychol)   any judgment about a single stimulus, e.g. about the value of one of its properties or about whether it is present or absent  
   Compare       comparative judgment  
absolute magnitude  
      n   the magnitude a given star would have if it were situated at a distance of 10 parsecs (32.6 light years) from the earth  
absolute majority  
      n   a number of votes totalling over 50 per cent, such as the total number of votes or seats obtained by a party that beats the combined opposition  
   Compare       relative majority  
absolute monarchy  
      n   a monarchy without constitutional limits  
   Compare       constitutional monarchy  
absolute music  
      n   music that is not designed to depict or evoke any scene or event  
   Compare       programme music  
absolute pitch  
      n  
1      (Also called (not in technical usage))    perfect pitch   the ability to identify exactly the pitch of a note without comparing it to another  
2    the exact pitch of a note determined by vibration per second  
absolute temperature  
      n      another name for       thermodynamic temperature  
absolute threshold  
      n     (Psychol)   the minimum intensity of a stimulus at which it can just be perceived  
   Compare       difference threshold  
absolute unit  
      n  
1    a unit of measurement forming part of the electromagnetic cgs system, such as an abampere or abcoulomb  
2    a unit of measurement forming part of a system of units that includes a unit of force defined so that it is independent of the acceleration of free fall  
absolute value  
      n     (Maths)  
1    the positive real number equal to a given real but disregarding its sign. Written | x |. Where r is positive, | r | = r = |--r|  
2      (Also called)    modulus   a measure of the magnitude of a complex number, represented by the length of a vector in the Argand diagram: |x + iy | = square root (x2 + y2), so | 4 + 3i | = 5  
absolute viscosity  
      n      a full name for       viscosity   used to distinguish it from kinematic viscosity and specific viscosity   used to distinguish it from kinematic viscosity and specific viscosity  
absolute zero  
      n   the lowest temperature theoretically attainable, at which the particles constituting matter would be in the lowest energy states available; the zero of thermodynamic temperature; zero on the International Practical Scale of Temperature: equivalent to --273.15°C or --459.67°F  
decree absolute  
      n   the final decree in divorce proceedings, which leaves the parties free to remarry  
   Compare       decree nisi  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
Collaborative Dictionary     English Definition
adj.
a person with more power or authority than others
Eg.: Your father is one of the dominant man in his section because he is boss.
n.
dominant position, use of an office with power and influence to expose or impose one's views
canned by Theodore Roosevelt
exp.
The rights of ownership and power for transference of one’s web assets belong to the individual.
[Tech.]
id.
expression referring to the belief that those who hold the power are entitled to anything
exp.
live without being connected to one of more public utilities (such as water, electric power)
n.
computation device whose processing power is derived from the application of quantum physics phenomena
[Tech.]
n.
game of power inside a company's board or management team
[Leg.];[Bus.]

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"Collins English Dictionary 5th Edition first published in 2000 © HarperCollins Publishers 1979, 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"