Zimbabwe definition, Zimbabwe meaning | English dictionary

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Zimbabwe

  

      n  
1    a country in SE Africa, formerly a self-governing British colony founded in 1890 by the British South Africa Company, which administered the country until a self-governing colony was established in 1923; joined with Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) and Nyasaland (now Malawi) as the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland from 1953 to 1963; made a unilateral declaration of independence under the leadership of Ian Smith in 1965 on the basis of White minority rule; proclaimed a republic in 1970; in 1976 the principle of Black majority rule was accepted and in 1978 a transitional government was set up, strongly opposed by some Black nationalist organizations; gained independence in 1980 following the Lancaster House Conference (1979--80); a member of the Commonwealth. Official language: English. Religion: Christian majority. Currency: Zimbabwe dollar. Capital: Harare. Pop: 11044000 (1998 est.). Area: 390624 sq. km (150820 sq. miles),   (Former names)    Southern Rhodesia   until 1964  
Rhodesia   1964--79  
2    a ruined fortified settlement in Zimbabwe, which at its height, in the 15th century, was probably the capital of an empire covering SE Africa  
  Zimbabwean      n, adj  
English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus  
See also:

Zimbabwean, Zimmer, Zomba, Zambia

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"Collins English Dictionary 5th Edition first published in 2000 © HarperCollins Publishers 1979, 1986, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"