1 prep If something happens until a particular time, it happens during the period before that time and stops at that time.
Until 1971, he was a high-ranking official in the Central Communist Committee., ...consumers who have waited until after the Christmas holiday to do that holiday shopping.
Until is also a conjunction., conj
I waited until it got dark..., Stir with a metal spoon until the sugar has dissolved.
2 prep You use until with a negative to emphasize the moment in time after which the rest of your statement becomes true, or the condition which would make it true.
PREP after neg
The traffic laws don't take effect until the end of the year..., It was not until 1911 that the first of the vitamins was identified.
Until is also a conjunction., conj CONJ after neg
The EU will not lift its sanctions until that country makes political changes.
Translation English - Cobuild Collins Dictionary
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"Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 4th edition published in 2003 © HarperCollins Publishers 1987, 1995, 2001, 2003 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"