strike ( strikes plural & 3rd person present) ( striking present participle) ( struck past tense & past participle) ( stricken past participle )
The form struck is the past tense and past participle. The form stricken can also be used as the past participle for meanings 6 and 17.
1 n-count When there is a strike, workers stop doing their work for a period of time, usually in order to try to get better pay or conditions for themselves. (BUSINESS) also on N
French air traffic controllers have begun a three-day strike in a dispute over pay..., Staff at the hospital went on strike in protest at the incidents., ...a call for strike action.
2 verb When workers strike, they go on strike. (BUSINESS)
...their recognition of the workers' right to strike... V
They shouldn't be striking for more money... V for n
The government agreed not to sack any of the striking workers. V-ing
striker ( strikers plural) n-count
The strikers want higher wages, which state governments say they can't afford.
3 verb If you strike someone or something, you deliberately hit them.
FORMAL She took two quick steps forward and struck him across the mouth... V n prep/adv
It is impossible to say who struck the fatal blow. V n
4 verb If something that is falling or moving strikes something, it hits it.
His head struck the bottom when he dived into the 6ft end of the pool... V n
One 16-inch shell struck the control tower... V n
5 verb If you strike one thing against another, or if one thing strikes against another, the first thing hits the second thing.
Wilde fell and struck his head on the stone floor... V n on/against n
My right toe struck against a submerged rock. V against n
6 verb If something such as an illness or disaster strikes, it suddenly happens.
Bank of England officials continued to insist that the pound would soon return to stability but disaster struck... V
A powerful earthquake struck the Italian island of Sicily early this morning... V n
7 verb To strike means to attack someone or something quickly and violently.
The attacker struck as she was walking near a housing estate at Monacurra... V
8 n-count A military strike is a military attack, especially an air attack.
with supp, oft N against n
...a punitive air strike., ...a nuclear strike.
9 verb If something strikes at the heart or root of something, it attacks or conflicts with the basic elements or principles of that thing.
LITERARY ...a rejection of her core beliefs and values, which strikes at the very heart of her being... V at n
10 verb If an idea or thought strikes you, it suddenly comes into your mind.
A thought struck her. Was she jealous of her mother, then?... V n
At this point, it suddenly struck me that I was wasting my time. it V n that/how
11 verb If something strikes you as being a particular thing, it gives you the impression of being that thing.
He struck me as a very serious but friendly person... V n as n/adj
You've always struck me as being an angry man. V n as -ing
12 verb If you are struck by something, you think it is very impressive, noticeable, or interesting.
She was struck by his simple, spellbinding eloquence... be V-ed by/with n
What struck me about the firm is how genuinely friendly and informal it is. V n
13 v-recip If you strike a deal or a bargain with someone, you come to an agreement with them.
They struck a deal with their paper supplier, getting two years of newsprint on credit... V n with n
The two struck a deal in which Rendell took half of what a manager would... pl-n V n
He insists he has struck no bargains for their release. V n (non-recip)
14 verb If you strike a balance, you do something that is halfway between two extremes.
At times like that you have to strike a balance between sleep and homework. V n
15 verb If you strike a pose or attitude, you put yourself in a particular position, for example when someone is taking your photograph.
She struck a pose, one hand on her hip and the other waving an imaginary cigarette. V n
16 verb If something strikes fear into people, it makes them very frightened or anxious.
LITERARY If there is a single subject guaranteed to strike fear in the hearts of parents, it is drugs. V n into n
17 verb If you are struck dumb or blind, you suddenly become unable to speak or to see.
WRITTEN usu passive
I was struck dumb by this and had to think it over for a moment... be V-ed adj
18 verb When a clock strikes, its bells make a sound to indicate what the time is.
The clock struck nine... V n
Finally, the clock strikes. V
19 verb If you strike words from a document or an official record, you remove them.
FORMAL Strike that from the minutes... V n from n, Also V n
Strike out means the same as strike., phrasal verb
The censor struck out the next two lines. V P n (not pron), Also V n P
20 verb When you strike a match, you make it produce a flame by moving it quickly against something rough.
Robina struck a match and held it to the crumpled newspaper in the grate. V n
21 verb If someone strikes oil or gold, they discover it in the ground as a result of mining or drilling.
Hamilton Oil announced that it had struck oil in the Liverpool Bay area of the Irish Sea. V n
22 verb When a coin or medal is struck, it is made.
Another medal was specially struck for him. be V-ed
24 If you strike gold, you find, do, or produce something that brings you a lot of money or success. (JOURNALISM)
strike gold phrase V inflects
The company has struck gold with its new holiday development, Center Parcs.
25 If you strike it rich, you make a lot of money, especially in a short time.
strike it rich phrase V inflects
He hoped to strike it rich by investing in ginseng.
to strike a chord
to strike home
to strike it lucky
to strike a happy medium
medium strike back phrasal verb If you strike back, you harm or criticize someone who has harmed or criticized you.
Our instinctive reaction when someone causes us pain is to strike back... V P
Sometimes, Kappy got angry and struck back at him in whatever way she could... V P at n strike down phrasal verb If someone is struck down, especially by an illness, they are killed or severely harmed by it.
WRITTEN usu passive
Frank had been struck down by a massive heart attack. be V-ed P strike off phrasal verb If someone such as a doctor or lawyer is struck off, their name is removed from the official register and they are not allowed to do medical or legal work any more.
(BRIT) usu passive
...a company lawyer who had been struck off for dishonest practices... be V-ed P
He could be struck off the medical register. be V-ed P n strike out
1 phrasal verb If you strike out, you begin to do something different, often because you want to become more independent.
She wanted me to strike out on my own, buy a business. V P
...a desire to make changes and to strike out in new directions. V P
2 phrasal verb If you strike outat someone, you hit, attack, or speak angrily to them.
He seemed always ready to strike out at anyone and for any cause... V P at n
Frampton struck out blindly, hitting not Waddington, but an elderly man. V P
3 phrasal verb If someone strikes out, they fail.
INFORMAL The lawyer admitted that he was the firm's second lawyer. The first one had struck out completely. V P
1 phrasal verb When you strike up a conversation or friendship with someone, you begin one.
WRITTEN I trailed her into Penney's and struck up a conversation... V P n (not pron)
2 phrasal verb When musicians strike up a piece of music, or when music strikes up, the music begins. And then the orchestra struck up the National Anthem... V P n (not pron) The band struck up, and riders paraded round the ring. V P
air strike ( air strikes plural ) , airstrike An air strike is an attack by military aircraft in which bombs are dropped. This expression is usually used by the country or group that is carrying out the attack. n-count
A senior defence official said last night that they would continue the air strikes.
general strike ( general strikes plural ) A general strike is a situation where most or all of the workers in a country are on strike and are refusing to work. n-count
hunger strike ( hunger strikes plural ) If someone goes onhunger strike or goes on a hunger strike, they refuse to eat as a way of protesting about something. n-var
The protesters have been on hunger strike for 17 days...
hunger striker ( hunger strikers plural) n-count
The five hunger strikers in London called off their strike and celebrated the good news.
lightning strike ( lightning strikes plural ) A lightning strike is a strike in which workers stop work suddenly and without any warning, in order to protest about something.
Bank staff are to stage a series of lightning strikes in a dispute over staffing.
strike-breaker ( strike-breakers plural ) , strikebreaker A strike-breaker is a person who continues to work during a strike, or someone who takes over the work of a person who is on strike. n-count