throw a wrench meaning, throw a wrench definition | English Cobuild dictionary

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  ( wrenches    plural & 3rd person present)   ( wrenching    present participle)   ( wrenched    past tense & past participle  )
1       verb   If you wrench something that is fixed in a particular position, you pull or twist it violently, in order to move or remove it.  
He felt two men wrench the suitcase from his hand...      V n prep  
They wrenched open the passenger doors and jumped into her car.      V n with adj  
2       verb   If you wrench yourself free from someone who is holding you, you get away from them by suddenly twisting the part of your body that is being held.  
She wrenched herself from his grasp...      V pron-refl prep  
He wrenched his arm free...      V n adj  
She tore at one man's face as she tried to wrench free...      V adj  
3       verb   If you wrench one of your joints, you twist it and injure it.  
He had wrenched his ankle badly from the force of the fall.      V n  
4       n-sing   If you say that leaving someone or something is awrench, you feel very sad about it.  
  (BRIT)   usu a N to-inf/-ing  
I always knew it would be a wrench to leave Essex after all these years..., Although it would be a wrench, we would all accept the challenge of moving abroad.     
5       n-count   A wrench or a monkey wrench is an adjustable metal tool used for tightening or loosening metal nuts of different sizes.  
6    If someone throws a wrench or throws a monkey wrench into a process, they prevent something happening smoothly by deliberately causing a problem.  
throw a wrench             phrase   V inflects, PHR in/into n  
Their delegation threw a giant monkey wrench into the process this week by raising all sorts of petty objections.     
in BRIT, use throw a spanner in the works     
Translation English Cobuild Collins Dictionary  
throw     ( throws    plural & 3rd person present)   ( throwing    present participle)   ( threw    past tense)   ( thrown    past participle  )
1       verb   When you throw an object that you are holding, you move your hand or arm quickly and let go of the object, so that it moves through the air.  
He spent hours throwing a tennis ball against a wall...      V n prep/adv  
The crowd began throwing stones...      V n  
Sophia jumps up and throws down her knitting...      V n with adv  
He threw Brian a rope.      V n n  
      Throw is also a noun., n-count   oft N of n  
One of the judges thought it was a foul throw..., A throw of the dice allows a player to move himself forward.     
  throwing      n-uncount   usu with supp  
He didn't really know very much about javelin throwing.     
2       verb   If you throw your body or part of your body into a particular position or place, you move it there suddenly and with a lot of force.  
She threw her arms around his shoulders...      V n prep  
She threatened to throw herself in front of a train...      V pron-refl prep/adv  
He set his skinny legs apart and threw back his shoulders.      V n with adv  
3       verb   If you throw something into a particular place or position, you put it there in a quick and careless way.  
He struggled out of his bulky jacket and threw it on to the back seat...      V n prep/adv  
4       verb   To throw someone into a particular place or position means to force them roughly into that place or position.  
He threw me to the ground and started to kick...      V n prep/adv  
The device exploded, throwing Mr Taylor from his car.      V n prep/adv  
5       verb   If you say that someone is throwninto prison, you mean that they are put there by the authorities, especially if this seems unfair or cruel.  
Those two should have been thrown in jail...      be V-ed in/into n  
Police should have the power to fine people who hamper rescue efforts. In fact I'd throw them into prison for a night.      V n in/into n  
6       verb   If a horse throws its rider, it makes him or her fall off, by suddenly jumping or moving violently.  
The horse reared, throwing its rider and knocking down a youth standing beside it.      V n  
7       verb   If a person or thing is throwninto an unpleasant situation or state, something causes them to be in that situation or state.  
Abidjan was thrown into turmoil because of a protest by taxi drivers...      be V-ed prep  
Economic recession had thrown millions out of work...      V n prep  
8       verb   If something throws light or a shadow on a surface, it causes that surface to have light or a shadow on it.   (=cast)  
The sunlight is white and blinding, throwing hard-edged shadows on the ground.      V n on/onto n  
9       verb   If something throws doubt on a person or thing, it causes people to doubt or suspect them.   (=cast)  
This new information does throw doubt on their choice...      V n on/upon n  
10       verb   If you throw a look or smile at someone or something, you look or smile at them quickly and suddenly.  
no cont  
Emily turned and threw her a suggestive grin.      V n n, Also V n at n  
11       verb   If you throw yourself, your energy, or your money into a particular job or activity, you become involved in it very actively or enthusiastically.  
She threw herself into a modelling career...      V pron-refl into n  
They threw all their military resources into the battle.      V n into n  
12       verb   If you throw a fit or a tantrum, you suddenly start to behave in an uncontrolled way.  
I used to get very upset and scream and swear, throwing tantrums all over the place.      V n  
13       verb   If something such as a remark or an experience throws you, it surprises you or confuses you because it is unexpected.  
The professor rather threw me by asking if I went in for martial arts...      V n  
14       verb   If you throw a punch, you punch someone.  
Everything was fine until someone threw a punch.      V n  
15       verb   When someone throws a party, they organize one, usually in their own home.  
INFORMAL   Why not throw a party for your friends?      V n  
16       verb   In sports, if a player throws a game or contest, they lose it as a result of a deliberate action or intention.  
...offering him a bribe to throw the game.      V n  
17       n-count   A throw is a light rug, blanket, or cover for a sofa or bed.  
18    If things cost a particular amount of money a throw, they cost that amount each.  
a throw      phrase   amount PHR  
Most applications software for personal computers cost over $500 a throw.     
19    If someone throws themselves at you, they make it very obvious that they want to begin a relationship with you, by behaving as though they are sexually attracted to you.  
throw oneself at sb      phrase   V inflects  
I'll say you started it, that you threw yourself at me.     
    to throw someone in at the deep end  
    to throw down the gauntlet  
    to throw light on something  
    to throw in your lot with someone  
    to throw money at something  
    to throw good money after bad  
    to throw a spanner in the works  
    a stone's throw  
    to throw in the towel  
    to throw your weight about  
    to throw a wrench  
    wrench   throw away   , throw out  
1       phrasal verb   When you throw away or throw out something that you do not want, you get rid of it, for example by putting it in a rubbish container.  
I never throw anything away...      V n P  
I'm not advising you to throw away your makeup or forget about your appearance.      V P n (not pron)  
2       phrasal verb   If you throw away an opportunity, advantage, or benefit, you waste it, rather than using it sensibly.  
Failing to tackle the deficit would be throwing away an opportunity we haven't had for a generation...      V P n (not pron)  
We should have won. We threw it away.      V n P  
    throwaway   throw back  
1       phrasal verb   If you throw something backat a person, you remind them of something bad they did in the past, in order to upset them.  
I should never have told you that. I knew you'd throw it back at me.      V n P at n, Also V P at n n  
2       phrasal verb   If someone is thrown backon their own powers or resources, they have to use them, because there is nothing else they can use.  
usu passive  
We are constantly thrown back on our own resources.      be V-ed P on n   throw down      phrasal verb   If you throw down a challenge to someone, you do something new or unexpected in a bold or forceful manner that will probably cause them to reply or react equally strongly.  
The regional parliament threw down a new challenge to the central authorities by passing a law allowing private ownership of businesses...      V P n (not pron)  
Government ministers have been responding to the challenge thrown down by their former colleague.      V-ed P   throw in  
1       phrasal verb   If you throw in a remark when having a conversation, you add it in a casual or unexpected way.   (=toss in)  
Occasionally Farling threw in a question.      V P n (not pron), Also V n P  
2       phrasal verb   If a person who is selling something throws in something extra, they give you the extra thing and only ask you to pay for the first thing.   (=include)  
Pay £4.80 for larger prints and they throw in a free photo album...      V P n (not pron)  
They were offering me a weekend break in Paris<endash>with free beer thrown in.      V-ed P, Also V n P   throw off  
1       phrasal verb   If you throw off something that is restricting you or making you unhappy, you get rid of it.   (=cast off)  
...a country ready to throw off the shackles of its colonial past...      V P n (not pron)  
One day depression descended upon him, and wherever he went after that he could never throw it off.      V n P  
2       phrasal verb   If something throws off a substance, it produces it and releases it into the air.   (=give off)  
The belt may make a squealing noise and throw off sooty black particles of rubber...      V P n (not pron)  
3       phrasal verb   If you throw off people who are chasing you or trying to find you, you do something unexpected that makes them unable to catch you or find you.  
He is said to have thrown off pursuers by pedaling across the Wisconsin state line...      V P n (not pron)  
He tried to throw police off the track of his lover.      V n P n, Also V n P   throw out  
    throw away 1  
2       phrasal verb   If a judge throws out a case, he or she rejects it and the accused person does not have to stand trial.  
The defense wants the district Judge to throw out the case.      V P n (not pron), Also V n P  
3       phrasal verb   If you throw someone out, you force them to leave a place or group.  
He was thrown out of the Olympic team after testing positive for drugs...      be/get V-ed P of n  
I wanted to kill him, but instead I just threw him out of the house...      V n P of n  
The party threw out the Trotskyist Militant Tendency.      V P n (not pron), Also V n P   throw together  
1       phrasal verb   If you throw something together, for example a meal or a costume, you make it quickly and not very carefully.  
INFORMAL   Too often, picnic preparation consists of throwing together some sandwiches and grabbing an apple.      V P n (not pron), Also V n P  
2       phrasal verb   If people are thrown together by a situation or event, it causes them to get to know each other, even though they may not want to.  
The cast and crew were thrown together for 12 hours a day, six days a week, until the filming was completed...      pl-n be V-ed P  
If you have men and women thrown together in inhospitable surroundings, you are going to get some sexual tension...      V-ed P  
My husband is constantly thrown together with young people through his work.      be V-ed P with n, Also V pl-n P, V P pl-n (not pron), V n P with n   throw up  
1       phrasal verb   When someone throws up, they vomit.  
INFORMAL   She said she had thrown up after reading reports of the trial.      V P  
2       phrasal verb   If something throws up dust, stones, or water, when it moves or hits the ground, it causes them to rise up into the air.  
If it had hit the Earth, it would have made a crater 100 miles across and thrown up an immense cloud of dust.      V P n (not pron), Also V n P  
3       phrasal verb   To throw up a particular person or thing means to produce them or cause them to become noticeable.  
  (mainly BRIT)  
The political struggle threw up a strong leader...      V P n (not pron)  

throw-in        ( throw-ins    plural  ) When there is a throw-in in a football or rugby match, the ball is thrown back onto the field after it has been kicked off it.      n-count  

Translation English Cobuild Collins Dictionary  




1    cast, chuck     (informal)   fling, heave, hurl, launch, lob     (informal)   pitch, project, propel, put, send, shy, sling, toss  
2      (informal)   astonish, baffle, confound, confuse, disconcert, dumbfound, faze, put one off one's stroke, throw off, throw one off one's stride, throw out  
3    bring down, dislodge, fell, floor, hurl to the ground, overturn, unseat, upset  
4    cast, fling, heave, lob     (informal)   pitch, projection, put, shy, sling, toss  
5      (informal)   attempt, chance, essay, gamble, hazard, try, venture, wager  

throw away  
1    axe     (informal)   bin     (informal)   cast off, chuck     (informal)   discard, dispense with, dispose of, ditch     (slang)   dump     (informal)   get rid of, jettison, junk     (informal)   reject, scrap, throw out  
2    blow     (slang)   fail to exploit, fritter away, lose, make poor use of, squander, waste  
1    conserve, keep, preserve, rescue, retain, retrieve, salvage, save  
throw off  
1    abandon, cast off, discard, drop, free oneself of, rid oneself of, shake off  
2    elude, escape from, evade, get away from, give (someone) the slip, leave behind, lose, outdistance, outrun, shake off, show a clean pair of heels to  
3    confuse, disconcert, disturb, faze, put one off one's stroke, throw     (informal)   throw one off one's stride, unsettle, upset  
throw out  
1    bin     (informal)   cast off, chuck     (informal)   discard, dismiss, dispense with, ditch     (slang)   dump     (informal)   eject, evict, expel, get rid of, give the bum's rush     (slang)   jettison, junk     (informal)   kick out     (informal)   kiss off     (slang, chiefly U.S. & Canad.)   oust, reject, relegate, scrap, show one the door, throw away, turf out     (Brit. informal)   turn down  
2    confuse, disconcert, disturb, put one off one's stroke, throw     (informal)   throw one off one's stride, unsettle, upset  
3    diffuse, disseminate, emit, give off, put forth, radiate  
throw over     
abandon, break with, chuck     (informal)   desert, discard, drop     (informal)   finish with, forsake, jilt, leave, quit, split up with, walk out on     (informal)  
throw up  
1    abandon, chuck     (informal)   give up, jack in, leave, quit, relinquish, renounce, resign from, step down from     (informal)  
2    bring forward, bring to light, bring to notice, bring to the surface, produce, reveal  
3      (informal)   barf     (U.S. slang)   be sick, bring up, chuck (up)     (slang, chiefly U.S.)   chunder     (slang, chiefly Austral.)   disgorge, do a technicolour yawn     (slang)   heave, puke     (slang)   regurgitate, retch, spew, toss one's cookies     (U.S. slang)   upchuck     (U.S. slang)   vomit  
4    jerry-build, run up, slap together, throw together  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

Collaborative Dictionary     English Cobuild
1. throw someone or something out of a window 2. [fig.][fam.] dismiss/remove (sb) from a position of authority/power
Ex1: The inspector considers the assumption that the victim might have been defenastrated. Ex2: Due to the lack of results, the decision was taken to 'defenestrate' the manager.
expression meaning that one should not criticize someone else for a mistake that he/she also makes or a flaw that he/she also has
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