spin down meaning, spin down definition | English Cobuild dictionary



  ( spins    plural & 3rd person present)   ( spinning    present participle)   ( spun    past tense & past participle  )
1       verb   If something spins or if you spin it, it turns quickly around a central point.  
The latest discs, used for small portable computers, spin 3600 times a minute...      V  
He spun the wheel sharply and made a U turn in the middle of the road...      V n  
He spun his car round and went after them.      V n round/around  
      Spin is also a noun., n-var  
This driving mode allows you to move off in third gear to reduce wheel-spin in icy conditions.     
2       verb   When you spin washing, it is turned round and round quickly in a spin drier or a washing machine to get the water out.  
Just spin the washing and it's nearly dry.      V n  
      Spin is also a noun., n-sing  
Set on a cool wash and finish with a short spin.     
3       verb   If your head is spinning, you feel unsteady or confused, for example because you are drunk, ill, or excited.  
My head was spinning from the wine...      V  
4       n-sing   If someone puts a certain spin on an event or situation, they interpret it and try to present it in a particular way.  
INFORMAL   with supp  
He interpreted the vote as support for the constitution and that is the spin his supporters are putting on the results today.     
    spin doctor  
5       n-uncount   In politics, spin is the way in which political parties try to present everything they do in a positive way to the public and the media.  
The public is sick of spin and tired of promises. It's time for politicians to act.     
6       n-sing   If you go for a spin or take a car for a spin, you make a short journey in a car just to enjoy yourself.  
a N  
7       verb   If someone spins a story, they give you an account of something that is untrue or only partly true.  
He was surprised, and annoyed that she had spun a story which was too good to be condemned as a simple lie.      V n, Also V n n  
8       verb   When people spin, they make thread by twisting together pieces of a fibre such as wool or cotton using a device or machine.  
Michelle will also spin a customer's wool fleece to specification at a cost of $2.25 an ounce.      V n  
  spinning      n-uncount  
They do their own cooking, spinning, and woodworking.     
9       n-uncount   In a game such as tennis or cricket, if you put spin on a ball, you deliberately make it spin rapidly when you hit it or throw it.  
spin off   , spin out      phrasal verb   To spin off or spin off something such as a company means to create a new company that is separate from the original organization.     (BUSINESS)  
He rescued the company and later spun off its textile division into a separate company...      V P n  
Corven plans to help large companies spin out smaller, entrepreneurial firms.      V P n   spin out  
1       phrasal verb   If you spin something out, you make it last longer than it normally would.   (=prolong)  
My wife's solicitor was anxious to spin things out for as long as possible...      V n P  
The Government will try to spin out the conference into next autumn.      V P n (not pron)  
    spin off  

spin doctor        ( spin doctors    plural  ) In politics, a spin doctor is someone who is skilled in public relations and who advises political parties on how to present their policies and actions.  
INFORMAL      n-count  
spin-off        ( spin-offs    plural  )
1       n-count   A spin-off is an unexpected but useful or valuable result of an activity that was designed to achieve something else.  
usu with supp, oft N from/of n  
The company put out a report on commercial spin-offs from its research.     
2       n-count   A spin-off is a book, film, or television series that comes after and is related to a successful book, film, or television series.  
Translation English - Cobuild Collins Dictionary  
Collaborative Dictionary     English Cobuild
relax, calm down
said to make someone temper his nerves or enthusiasm. E.g.: Chill out, I didn't take your car!
(in an organization) set up a more informal structure/workflow/environment; give up on communication protocols between departments
calm down!
face a specific situation; act in a certain way
E.g.: John went out of rehab a few days ago and he is determined to not go down that road again.
metaphoric expression for getting married
to take OR bring somebody down a notch means to make them behave less arrogantly or proudly.
to take OR turn OR bring something down a notch means to decrease its intensity
something that is top-down comes from the top of a hierarchy and is passed down to the lower ranking members
to look for or expose information about a person's past, usually bad, and to therefore bring that person down or put them in a bad light
it's said for determining someone to calm down, be patient, control his/her reactions
participant-driven meeting with no predefined agenda as opposed to high-price, top-down and formal conferences


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"Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 4th edition published in 2003 © HarperCollins Publishers 1987, 1995, 2001, 2003 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"