short name meaning, short name definition | English Cobuild dictionary



[1]     ( shorter    comparative)   ( shortest    superlative  )   (ADJECTIVE AND ADVERB USES)  
Please look at category 23 to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword.     
1       adj   If something is short or lasts for a short time, it does not last very long.,   (Antonym: long)    The announcement was made a short time ago..., How could you do it in such a short period of time?..., Kemp gave a short laugh..., We had a short meeting.     
2       adj   If you talk about a short hour, day, or year, you mean that it seems to have passed very quickly or will seem to pass very quickly.  
usu ADJ n     (Antonym: long)    For a few short weeks there was peace...     
3       adj   A short speech, letter, or book does not have many words or pages in it.  
usu ADJ n     (Antonym: long)    They were performing a short extract from Shakespeare's Two Gentlemen of Verona...     
4       adj   Someone who is short is not as tall as most people are.,   (Antonym: tall)    I'm tall and thin and he's short and fat., ...a short, elderly woman with grey hair...     
5       adj   Something that is short measures only a small amount from one end to the other.,   (Antonym: long)    The city centre and shops are only a short distance away..., His black hair was very short.     
6       adj   If you are short of something or if it is short, you do not have enough of it. If you are running short of something or if it is running short, you do not have much of it left.  
v-link ADJ, usu ADJ of n  
Her father's illness left the family short of money..., Supplies of everything are unreliable, food is short...     
7       adj   If someone or something is or stops short of a place, they have not quite reached it. If they are or fall short of an amount, they have not quite achieved it.  
v-link ADJ of n  
He stopped a hundred yards short of the building...     
8       prep-phrase   Short of a particular thing means except for that thing or without actually doing that thing.  
PREP n/-ing  
Short of climbing railings four metres high, there was no way into the garden from this road...     
9       adv   If something is cutshort or stopsshort, it is stopped before people expect it to or before it has finished.  
ADV after v  
His glittering career was cut short by a heart attack...     
10       adj   If a name or abbreviation is short for another name, it is the short version of that name.  
v-link ADJ for n  
Her friend Kes (short for Kesewa) was in tears..., `O.O.B.E.' is short for `Out Of Body Experience'.     
11       adj   If you have a short temper, you get angry very easily. awkward, self-conscious woman with a short temper.     
12       adj   If you are short with someone, you speak briefly and rather rudely to them, because you are impatient or angry.  
v-link ADJ, usu ADJ with n  
She seemed nervous or tense, and she was definitely short with me.     
13    If a person or thing is called something for short, that is the short version of their name.  
for short      phrase   usu n PHR  
Opposite me was a woman called Jasminder (Jazzy for short)...     
14    If you go shortof something, especially food, you do not have as much of it as you want or need.  
go short      phrase   V inflects, oft PHR of n  
Some people may manage their finances badly and therefore have to go short of essentials.     
15    You use in short when you have been giving a lot of details and you want to give a conclusion or summary.  
in short      phrase   PHR with cl  
Try tennis, badminton or windsurfing. In short, anything challenging...     
16    You use nothing short of or little short of to emphasize how great or extreme something is. For example, if you say that something is nothing short of a miracle or nothing short of disastrous, you are emphasizing that it is a miracle or it is disastrous.  
nothing/little short of      phrase   v-link PHR adj/n     (emphasis)    The results are nothing short of magnificent...     
17    If you say that someone is, for example, several cards short of a full deck or one sandwich short of a picnic, you think they are stupid, foolish, or crazy.  
X short of a Y      phrase   v-link PHR  
18    If someone or something is short on a particular good quality, they do not have as much of it as you think they should have.  
be short on sth      phrase   V inflects     (disapproval)    The proposals were short on detail.     
19    If someone stops short of doing something, they come close to doing it but do not actually do it.  
stop short of      phrase   V inflects, PHR -ing/n  
He stopped short of explicitly criticizing the government...     
20    If workers are put on short time, they are asked to work fewer hours than the normal working week, because their employer can not afford to pay them a full time wage.  
short time      phrase   on PHR, PHR n  
Workers across the country have been put on short time because of the slump in demand..., Most manufacturers have had to introduce short-time working.     
21    If something pulls you up short or brings you up short, it makes you suddenly stop what you are doing.  
pull/bring sb up short      phrase   V inflects  
The name on the gate pulled me up short.     
22    If you make short work of someone or something, you deal with them or defeat them very quickly.  
make short work of sb/sth      phrase   V inflects, PHR n  
Agassi made short work of his opponent.     
    short of breath  
    at short notice  
    to sell someone short  
    to get short shrift  
    to cut a long story short  
    to draw the short straw  
    in short supply  
    in the short term  
Translation English - Cobuild Collins Dictionary  
Collaborative Dictionary     English Cobuild
very short haircut
a short performance
be negatively impacted by a situation, event.
E.g.: The building is being renovated, but for the moment people living there get the short end of the stick.
name given to isolated or fictive places;
name given to the Great Lakes Storm of 1913
A small short-term loan, with very high interest rates, that the borrower promises to repay on or near the next payday. Used by wage earners who run short of cash before payday. Payday lending is an established form of lending in the US and Canada.
Also: payday advance, overnight loan.
very short presentation of a product or a company that you would do to somebody you meet briefly, like in an elevator, to attract his/her attention
a round and sweet fruit with pale, orange-colored skin that comes from a tree of the same name
suite of the pointed first letters of the name of an organisation. eg B.O.A.C. , B.B.C., N.A.T.O., N.A.S.A..
When the "sigle" can be read like a simple word, it becomes an "acronym" : Nato, Nasa, Faq, B.B.C. is just a "sigle"
an affectionate slang name for a penis, similar to tadger, which is a more common used term. Used especially in the North of England, Todger has also been used as a nickname, particularly for males called Tom and Todd
a demonym, also referred to as a gentilic, is a name for a resident of a locality.
ex.: the demonym for the people of Italy is Italian.
informal name given to footwear items like socks, home foot covers or plastic foot covers used for hygienical reasons
name given to the discomfort felt in the abdominal area in situations of stress or anxiety
also known as "butterflies in the stomach" sensation
assumption of name and unique identity by which one creates a impression on the internet.


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"Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 4th edition published in 2003 © HarperCollins Publishers 1987, 1995, 2001, 2003 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"