rough estimate meaning, rough estimate definition | English Cobuild dictionary

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rough

  
  ( rougher    comparative)   ( roughest    superlative)   ( roughs    3rd person present)   ( roughing    present participle)   ( roughed    past tense & past participle  )
1       adj   If a surface is rough, it is uneven and not smooth.,   (Antonym: smooth)    His hands were rough and calloused, from years of karate practice...     
  roughness      n-uncount  
She rested her cheek against the roughness of his jacket.     
2       adj   You say that people or their actions are rough when they use too much force and not enough care or gentleness.,   (Antonym: gentle)    Rugby's a rough game at the best of times...     
  roughly      adv  
A hand roughly pushed him aside.     
  roughness      n-uncount  
He regretted his roughness.     
3       adj   A rough area, city, school, or other place is unpleasant and dangerous because there is a lot of violence or crime there.  
It was quite a rough part of our town.     
4       adj   If you say that someone has had a rough time, you mean that they have had some difficult or unpleasant experiences.  
usu ADJ n   (=tough)  
All women have a rough time in our society...     
5       adj   If you feel rough, you feel ill.  
  (BRIT)  
INFORMAL   v-link ADJ  
The virus won't go away and the lad is still feeling a bit rough.     
6       adj   A rough calculation or guess is approximately correct, but not exact.  
usu ADJ n   (=approximate)  
We were only able to make a rough estimate of how much fuel would be required...     
  roughly      adv   ADV with cl/group   (=approximately)  
Gambling and tourism pay roughly half the entire state budget...     
7       adj   If you give someone a rough idea, description, or drawing of something, you indicate only the most important features, without much detail.  
I've got a rough idea of what he looks like...     
  roughly      adv   ADV with cl/group, ADV after v  
He knew roughly what was about to be said..., Roughly speaking, a scientific humanist is somebody who believes in science and in humanity but not in God.     
8       adj   You can say that something is rough when it is not neat and well made.  
...a rough wooden table.     
  roughly      adv   ADV with v  
Roughly chop the tomatoes and add them to the casserole.     
9       adj   If the sea or the weather at sea is rough, the weather is windy or stormy and there are very big waves.,   (Antonym: calm)    A fishing vessel and a cargo ship collided in rough seas.     
10       adv   When people sleep or live rough, they sleep out of doors, usually because they have no home.  
  (BRIT)   ADV after v  
It makes me so sad when I see young people begging or sleeping rough on the streets.     
11       verb   If you have to rough it, you have to live without the possessions and comforts that you normally have.  
You won't be roughing it; each room comes equipped with a telephone and a 3-channel radio.      V it  
12   
    rough justice  
    justice  


rough and ready   , rough-and-ready  
1       adj   A rough and ready solution or method is one that is rather simple and not very exact because it has been thought of or done in a hurry.  
Here is a rough and ready measurement.     
2       adj   A rough and ready person is not very polite or gentle.  
...rough and ready soldiers.     
rough and tumble   , rough-and-tumble  
1       n-uncount   You can use rough and tumble to refer to a situation in which the people involved try hard to get what they want, and do not worry about upsetting or harming others, and you think this is acceptable and normal.  
oft the N of n  
...the rough-and-tumble of political combat.     
2       n-uncount   Rough and tumble is physical playing that involves noisy and slightly violent behaviour.  
He enjoys rough and tumble play.     
rough-hewn     
Rough-hewn wood or stone has been cut into a shape but has not yet been smoothed or finished off.      adj   usu ADJ n  
It is a rough-hewn carving of a cat's head.     
Translation English - Cobuild Collins Dictionary  
Collaborative Dictionary     English Cobuild
v.
to try to judge something without calculating
Sentence: I always try estimating how much I will spend before going shopping.

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"Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 4th edition published in 2003 © HarperCollins Publishers 1987, 1995, 2001, 2003 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"