shoulder ( shoulders plural & 3rd person present) ( shouldering present participle) ( shouldered past tense & past participle )
1 n-count Your shoulders are between your neck and the tops of your arms.
oft poss N
She led him to an armchair, with her arm round his shoulder..., He glanced over his shoulder and saw me watching him.
2 n-count The shoulders of a piece of clothing are the parts that cover your shoulders.
...extravagant fashions with padded shoulders.
3 n-plural When you talk about someone's problems or responsibilities, you can say that they carry them on their shoulders.
No one suspected the anguish he carried on his shoulders...
4 verb If you shoulder the responsibility or the blame for something, you accept it.
He has had to shoulder the responsibility of his father's mistakes... V n
5 verb If you shoulder something heavy, you put it across one of your shoulders so that you can carry it more easily.
The rest of the group shouldered their bags, gritted their teeth and set off... V n
6 verb If you shoulder someone aside or if you shoulder your way somewhere, you push past people roughly using your shoulder.
The policemen rushed past him, shouldering him aside... V n with aside
She could do nothing to stop him as he shouldered his way into the house... V way prep/adv
He shouldered past Harlech and opened the door. V past/through n
7 n-var A shoulder is a joint of meat from the upper part of the front leg of an animal.
...shoulder of lamb.
9 If someone offers you a shoulder to cry on or is a shoulder to cry on, they listen sympathetically as you talk about your troubles.
a shoulder to cry on phrase usu PHR after v
Roland sometimes saw me as a shoulder to cry on.
10 If you say that someone or something stands head and shouldersabove other people or things, you mean that they are a lot better than them.
head and shoulders phrase PHR above n
The two candidates stood head and shoulders above the rest...
11 If two or more people stand shoulder to shoulder, they are standing next to each other, with their shoulders touching.
shoulder to shoulder phrase PHR after v, v-link PHR
They fell into step, walking shoulder to shoulder with their heads bent against the rain...
12 If people work or stand shoulder to shoulder, they work together in order to achieve something, or support each other.
shoulder to shoulder phrase usu v PHR
They could fight shoulder-to-shoulder against a common enemy...
a chip on one's shoulder →
to rub shoulders with →
cold shoulder ( cold-shoulders 3rd person present) ( cold-shouldering present participle) ( cold-shouldered past tense & past participle )
The form cold-shoulder is used for the verb.
1 n-sing If one person gives another thecold shoulder, they behave towards them in an unfriendly way, to show them that they do not care about them or that they want them to go away.
usu the N
But when Gough looked to Haig for support, he was given the cold shoulder.
2 verb If one person cold-shoulders another, they give them the cold-shoulder.
Even her own party considered her shrewish and nagging, and cold-shouldered her in the corridors. V n
hard shoulder ( hard shoulders plural ) Thehard shoulder is the area at the side of a motorway or other road where you are allowed to stop if your car breaks down.
(mainly BRIT) n-count usu the N in sing
in AM, use shoulder
shoulder-bag ( shoulder-bags plural ) A shoulder-bag is a bag that has a long strap so that it can be carried on a person's shoulder. n-count
shoulder blade ( shoulder blades plural ) Your shoulder blades are the two large, flat, triangular bones that you have in the upper part of your back, below your shoulders. n-count
A shoulder-high object is as high as your shoulders. adj usu ADJ n
...a shoulder-high hedge.
Shoulder-high is also an adverb., adv ADV after v
They picked up Oliver and carried him shoulder high into the garage.
Shoulder-length hair is long enough to reach your shoulders. adj usu ADJ n
shoulder pad ( shoulder pads plural ) Shoulder pads are small pads that are put inside the shoulders of a jacket, coat, or other article of clothing in order to raise them. n-count
shoulder strap ( shoulder straps plural )
1 n-count The shoulder straps on a piece of clothing such as a dress are two narrow straps that go over the shoulders.
2 n-count A shoulder strap on a bag is a long strap that you put over your shoulder to carry the bag.
soft shoulder ( soft shoulders plural ) On a busy road such as a freeway, thesoft shoulder is the area at the side of the road where vehicles are allowed to stop in an emergency.
(AM) n-count usu the N in sing
in BRIT, use hard shoulder