pain ( pains plural & 3rd person present) ( pained past tense & past participle )
1 n-var Pain is the feeling of great discomfort you have, for example when you have been hurt or when you are ill.
...back pain., ...a bone disease that caused excruciating pain..., I felt a sharp pain in my lower back..., ...chest pains. If you are in pain, you feel pain in a part of your body, because you are injured or ill.
be in pain phrase PHR after v
She was writhing in pain, bathed in perspiration.
2 n-uncount Pain is the feeling of unhappiness that you have when something unpleasant or upsetting happens.
...grey eyes that seemed filled with pain.
3 verb If a fact or idea pains you, it makes you feel upset and disappointed.
This public acknowledgment of Ted's disability pained my mother... V n
It pains me to think of you struggling all alone. it V n to-inf, Also it V n that
4 In informal English, if you call someone or something a pain or a pain in the neck, you mean that they are very annoying or irritating. Expressions such as a pain in the arse and a pain in the backside in British English, or a pain in the ass and a pain in the butt in American English, are also used, but most people consider them offensive.
a pain/a pain in the neck/a pain in the arse/a pain in the backside phrase pain inflects, v-link PHR, PHR to-inf (disapproval)
5 If someone is at pains to do something, they are very eager and anxious to do it, especially because they want to avoid a difficult situation.
be at pains to do sth phrase V inflects, usu PHR to-inf
Mobil is at pains to point out that the chances of an explosion at the site are remote.
6 If someone is ordered not to do something on pain of or under pain of death, imprisonment, or arrest, they will be killed, put in prison, or arrested if they do it.
on pain of sth/under pain of sth prep-phrase
We were forbidden, under pain of imprisonment, to use our native language.
7 If you take painsto do something or go to great painsto do something, you try hard to do it, because you think it is important to do it.
take pains to do sth, go to great pains to do sth phrase V inflects, usu PHR to-inf Social workers went to great pains to acknowledge men's domestic rights..., I had taken great pains with my appearance.
If you say that a sports player has gone through the pain barrier, you mean that he or she is continuing to make a great effort in spite of being injured or exhausted.
(BRIT, JOURNALISM) n-sing the N
England's World Cup hero is determined to play through the pain barrier.
period pain ( period pains plural ) Period pain is the pain that some women have when they have a monthly period. n-var