much obliged/I am obliged to you/etc meaning, much oblige... | English Cobuild dictionary

Collins

oblige

  
  ( obliges    3rd person present)   ( obliging    present participle)   ( obliged    past tense & past participle  )
1       verb   If you are obligedto do something, a situation, rule, or law makes it necessary for you to do that thing.   (=compel)  
The storm got worse and worse. Finally, I was obliged to abandon the car and continue on foot...      be V-ed to-inf  
This decree obliges unions to delay strikes.      V n to-inf  
2       verb   To oblige someone means to be helpful to them by doing what they have asked you to do.  
If you ever need help with the babysitting, I'd be glad to oblige...      V  
We called up three economists to ask how to eliminate the deficit and they obliged with very straightforward answers...      V with n  
Mr Oakley always has been ready to oblige journalists with information.      V n with n, Also V n  
3    People sometimes use obliged in expressions such as `much obliged' or `I am obliged to you' when they want to indicate that they are very grateful for something.  
FORMAL or OLD-FASHIONED  
much obliged/I am obliged to you/etc             convention  
  (formulae)   
Much obliged for your assistance..., Thank you very much indeed, Doctor, I am extremely obliged to you.     
4    If you tell someone that you would be obliged or should be obliged if they would do something, you are telling them in a polite but firm way that you want them to do it.  
FORMAL  
would/should be obliged      convention  
  (politeness)   
I would be obliged if you could read it to us.     
Translation English - Cobuild Collins Dictionary  
Collins
much  
1       adv   You use much to indicate the great intensity, extent, or degree of something such as an action, feeling, or change. Much is usually used with `so', `too', and `very', and in negative clauses with this meaning.  
ADV after v  
She laughs too much..., Thank you very much..., My hairstyle hasn't changed much since I was five.     
2       adv   If something does not happen much, it does not happen very often.  
oft with brd-neg, ADV after v   (=often)  
He said that his father never talked much about the war..., Gwen had not seen her Daddy all that much, because mostly he worked on the ships..., Do you get back East much?     
3       adv   You use much in front of `too' or comparative adjectives and adverbs in order to emphasize that there is a large amount of a particular quality.  
ADV compar, ADV too     (emphasis)    (=far)  
The skin is much too delicate..., You'd be so much happier if you could see yourself the way I see you...     
4       adv   If one thing is much the same as another thing, it is very similar to it.  
ADV as/like cl, ADV like n, ADV n as n, ADV n  
The day ended much as it began..., Sheep's milk is produced in much the same way as goat's milk.     
5       det   You use much to indicate that you are referring to a large amount of a substance or thing.  
DET n-uncount, oft with brd-neg  
They are grown on the hillsides in full sun, without much water..., The Home Office acknowledges that much crime goes unreported...     
      Much is also a pronoun., pron     (Antonym: little)    ...eating too much and drinking too much..., There was so much to talk about.     
      Much is also a quantifier., quant   QUANT of def-n-uncount/def-sing-n  
Much of the time we do not notice that we are solving problems..., She does much of her work abroad...     
6       adv   You use much in expressions such as not much, not very much, and too much when replying to questions about amounts.  
ADV as reply  
`Can you hear it where you live?' He shook his head. `Not much.'..., `Do you care very much about what other people think?'<emdash>`Too much.'     
7       quant   If you do not see much of someone, you do not see them very often.  
with brd-neg, QUANT of n-proper/pron  
I don't see much of Tony nowadays...     
8       det   You use much in the expression how much to ask questions about amounts or degrees, and also in reported clauses and statements to give information about the amount or degree of something.  
how DET  
How much money can I afford?..., See just how much fat and cholesterol you're eating...     
      Much is also an adverb., adv   how ADV, ADV with cl, ADV compar  
She knows how much this upsets me but she persists in doing it...     
      Much is also a pronoun., pron   how PRON  
How much do you earn?...     
9       det   You use much in the expression as much when you are comparing amounts.  
as DET n, usu as DET n as cl/group  
Their aim will be to produce as much milk as possible...     
10       phrase   You use much as to introduce a fact which makes something else you have just said or will say rather surprising.  
Much as they hope to go home tomorrow, they're resigned to staying on until the end of the year.     
11    You use as much in expressions such as `I thought as much' and `I guessed as much' after you have just been told something and you want to say that you already believed or expected it to be true.  
as much      phrase   v PHR  
You're waiting for a woman<endash>I thought as much.     
12    You use as much as before an amount to suggest that it is surprisingly large.  
as much as      phrase   PHR amount     (emphasis)    The organisers hope to raise as much as £6m for charity.     
13    You use much less after a statement, often a negative one, to indicate that the statement is more true of the person, thing, or situation that you are going to mention next.  
much less      phrase   PHR cl/group, PHR before v  
They are always short of water to drink, much less to bathe in...     
14    You say nothing much to refer to something that is not very interesting or important.  
nothing much      phrase  
`What was stolen?'<emdash>`Oh, nothing much.'...     
15    If you describe something as not much of a particular type of thing, you mean that it is small or of poor quality.  
not much of a      phrase   PHR n  
It hasn't been much of a holiday...     
16    So much for is used to indicate that you have finished talking about a subject.  
SPOKEN  
so much for      phrase   PHR n  
Well, so much for the producers. But what of the consumers?     
17    If you say so much for a particular thing, you mean that it has not been successful or helpful.  
INFORMAL  
so much for      phrase   PHR n  
He has spent 19 million pounds, lost three cup finals and been relegated. So much for money.     
18    If you say that something is not so much one thing as another, you mean that it is more like the second thing than the first.  
not so much      phrase   with brd-neg, PHR group, PHR before v  
I don't really think of her as a daughter so much as a very good friend...     
19    If you say that someone did not do so much as perform a particular action, you are emphasizing that they did not even do that, when you were expecting them to do more.  
so much as      phrase   with brd-neg, PHR before v     (emphasis)    I didn't so much as catch sight of him all day long...     
20    You use so much so to indicate that your previous statement is true to a very great extent, and therefore it has the result mentioned.  
so much so      phrase   PHR that  
He himself believed in freedom, so much so that he would rather die than live without it.     
21    If a situation or action is too muchfor you, it is so difficult, tiring, or upsetting that you cannot cope with it.  
too much      phrase   v-link PHR, oft PHR for n  
His inability to stay at one job for long had finally proved too much for her.     
22    You use very much to emphasize that someone or something has a lot of a particular quality, or that the description you are about to give is particularly accurate.  
very much      phrase   oft PHR n     (emphasis)    ...a man very much in charge of himself...     
23   
    a bit much  
    bit  
    not up to much  
    up  


much-     
Much- combines with past participles to form adjectives which emphasize the intensity of the specified state or action.      comb in adj  
  (emphasis)   
I'm having a much-needed rest., ...a much-improved version of last season's model.     
much-maligned     
If you describe someone or something as much-maligned, you mean that they are often criticized by people, but you think the criticism is unfair or exaggerated because they have good qualities too.      adj   usu ADJ n  
I'm happy for James. He's a much-maligned player but has tremendous spirit.     
much-travelled     
in AM, use much-traveled     
A much-travelled person has travelled a lot in foreign countries.      adj  
(=well-travelled)  

Translation English - Cobuild Collins Dictionary  

Collins

much

  
1   
      adj   abundant, a lot of, ample, considerable, copious, great, plenteous, plenty of, sizeable, substantial  
2   
      adv   a great deal, a lot, considerably, decidedly, exceedingly, frequently, greatly, indeed, often, regularly  
3   
      n   a good deal, a great deal, a lot, an appreciable amount, heaps     (informal)   loads     (informal)   lots     (informal)   plenty  
  
Antonyms     
,       adj   inadequate, insufficient, little, scant  
      adv   barely, hardly, infrequently, irregularly, not a lot, not much, occasionally, only just, rarely, scarcely, seldom, slightly  
      n   hardly anything, little, next to nothing, not a lot, not much, practically nothing, very little  

English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus  

Collaborative Dictionary     English Cobuild
n.
someone who talks too much
[Australia] ; [NZ]
exp.
love very much (smth. or smb.)
adj.
undesirable, at much lower standards than expected
synonym for "shitty"
v.
to train too much, to train excessively
Coaches can't overtrain the athletes before a championship.
v.
to practice something excessively, to train too much
adv.
a lot; very much; in a great quantity; endlessly
[Fig.] E.g. love someone to the moon and back=love someone very much
n.
used to describe a person. i.e this is the qua am telling you about or he is a fantastic qua
n.
a person who does not care too much about the others, a little rude, assertive
[Fam.]
n.
handsome young man kept by a much older woman for the purpose of sexual favors and/or as a companion.
British slang
v.
to overshare is to share too much intimate information with somebody
"sorry, have I overshared?"
n.
"It's a list of all the people and things I hate so much I want to hit them in the face with a shovel." Concept coming from the Marian Keyes novel, The Mystery of Mercy Close (2012).
adj.
1. [Comp.] a device that once plugged in is automatically recognized by the system and launches the expected process without any action on the user's side; 2. [Bus.] a new employee who is able to start work without too much induction and training
[Comp.];[Bus.] can be used as both noun and adjective: plug and play device; plug and play employee or simply plug and play (noun)
v.
used for saying that you think someone is spending too much money on things they do not need
exp.
experience a special pleasure, excitement out of smth.; enjoy smth. very much
E.g.: She gets a bang out of shopping.
n.
me too
n.
a small group of people or things within a much larger group
There are a lot of national minorities in my home country (Denmark). We have a lot of people from Poland, Somalia etc.

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"Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 4th edition published in 2003 © HarperCollins Publishers 1987, 1995, 2001, 2003 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"
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