Close ( Closes plural ) (USED AS A ROAD NAME) Close is used in the names of some streets in Britain. n-in-names n N ...116 Dendridge Close.
close  ( closes 3rd person present) ( closing present participle) ( closed past tense & past participle ) (SHUTTING OR COMPLETING)
Please look at category 12 to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword.
1 verb When you close something such as a door or lid or when it closes, it moves so that a hole, gap, or opening is covered.
(=shut) (Antonym: open)
If you are cold, close the window... V n
Zacharias heard the door close... V
Keep the curtains closed. V-ed
2 verb When you close something such as an open book or umbrella, you move the different parts of it together.
Slowly he closed the book. V n
3 verb If you close something such as a computer file or window, you give the computer an instruction to remove it from the screen. (COMPUTING)
To close your document, press CTRL+W on your keyboard. V n
4 verb When you close your eyes or your eyes close, your eyelids move downwards, so that you can no longer see.
Bess closed her eyes and fell asleep... V n
When we sneeze, our eyes close. V
5 verb When a place closes or is closed, work or activity stops there for a short period.
(=shut) (Antonym: open)
Shops close only on Christmas Day and New Year's Day... V
It was Saturday; they could close the office early... V n
Government troops closed the airport... V n
The restaurant was closed for the night. V-ed
6 verb If a place such as a factory, shop, or school closes, or if it is closed, all work or activity stops there permanently.
Many enterprises will be forced to close... V
If they do close the local college I'll have to go to Worcester. V n
Close down means the same as close., phrasal verb
Minford closed down the business and went into politics... V P n (not pron)
Many of the smaller stores have closed down. V P, Also V n P
...since the closing of the steelworks in nearby Duquesne in 1984.
7 verb To close a road or border means to block it in order to prevent people from using it.
They were cut off from the West in 1948 when their government closed that border crossing. V n
8 verb To close a conversation, event, or matter means to bring it to an end or to complete it.
Judge Isabel Oliva said last night: `I have closed the case. There was no foul play.'... V n
The Prime Minister is said to now consider the matter closed. V-ed
...the closing ceremony of the National Political Conference. V-ing
9 verb If you close a bank account, you take all your money out of it and inform the bank that you will no longer be using the account., (Antonym: open)
He had closed his account with the bank five years earlier. V n
10 verb On the stock market or the currency markets, if a share price or a currency closes at a particular value, that is its value at the end of the day's business. (BUSINESS, Antonym: open)
Dawson shares closed at 219p, up 5p... V prep/adv
The US dollar closed higher in Tokyo today. V adj-compar
11 n-sing Thecloseof a period of time or an activity is the end of it. To bring or draw something to a close means to end it.
oft the N of n, to a N
By the close of business last night, most of the big firms were hailing yesterday's actions as a success..., Brian's retirement brings to a close a glorious chapter in British football history...
to close the door on something
to close your eyes to something
to close ranks
rank close down
close 6 close off phrasal verb To close something off means to separate it from other things or people so that they cannot go there.
Police closed off about 12 blocks of a major San Francisco thoroughfare for today's march... V P n (not pron) close up
1 phrasal verb If someone closes up a building, they shut it completely and securely, often because they are going away.
(=shut up, lock up)
Just close up the shop... V P n (not pron)
The summer house had been closed up all year. V-ed P
2 phrasal verb If an opening, gap, or something hollow closes up, or if you close it up, it becomes closed or covered.
Don't use cold water as it shocks the blood vessels into closing up. V P, Also V n P
close  ( closer comparative) ( closest superlative ) (NEARNESS; ADJECTIVE USES)
Please look at category 18 to see if the expression you are looking for is shown under another headword.
1 adj If one thing or person is closeto another, there is only a very small distance between them.
v-link ADJ, ADJ after v, oft ADJ prep/adv
Her lips were close to his head and her breath tickled his ear..., The man moved closer, lowering his voice..., The tables were pushed close together so diners could talk across the aisles.
closely adv ADV after v, ADV -ed
Wherever they went they were closely followed by security men.
2 adj You say that people are closeto each other when they like each other very much and know each other very well.
oft ADJ to n
She and Linda became very close..., As a little girl, Karan was closest to her sister Gail..., I shared a house with a close friend from school...
I asked whether her closeness to her mother ever posed any problems.
3 adj Your close relatives are the members of your family who are most directly related to you, for example your parents and your brothers or sisters.
ADJ n (Antonym: distant)
...large changes such as the birth of a child or death of a close relative.
4 adj A close ally or partner of someone knows them well and is very involved in their work.
usu ADJ n, also v-link ADJ to n
He was once regarded as one of Mr Brown's closest political advisers..., A senior source close to Mr Blair told us: `Our position has not changed.'
5 adj Close contact or co-operation involves seeing or communicating with someone often.
Both nations are seeking closer links with the West..., He lived alone, keeping close contact with his three grown-up sons.
closely adv ADV after v
We work closely with the careers officers in schools.
6 adj If there is a close connection or resemblance between two things, they are strongly connected or are very similar.
usu ADJ n
There is a close connection between pain and tension..., Clare's close resemblance to his elder sister invoked a deep dislike in him.
closely adv ADV before v, ADV -ed
...a pattern closely resembling a cross., ...fruits closely related to the orange.
7 adj Close inspection or observation of something is careful and thorough.
He discovered, on closer inspection, that the rocks contained gold..., Let's have a closer look.
closely adv ADV with v
If you look closely at many of the problems in society, you'll see evidence of racial discrimination.
8 adj A close competition or election is won or seems likely to be won by only a small amount.
It is still a close contest between two leading opposition parties..., It's going to be very close.
closely adv usu ADV -ed
This will be a closely fought race.
9 adj If you are closeto something or if it is close, it is likely to happen or come soon. If you are closeto doing something, you are likely to do it soon.
v-link ADJ, usu ADJ to n/-ing
She sounded close to tears..., A senior White House official said the agreement is close..., He's close to signing a contract.
10 adj If something is close or comes closeto something else, it almost is, does, or experiences that thing.
v-link ADJ, usu ADJ to n
An airliner came close to disaster while approaching Heathrow Airport...
11 adj If the atmosphere somewhere is close, it is unpleasantly warm with not enough air.
12 Something that is close by or close at hand is near to you.
close by/at hand phrase usu v-link PHR, PHR after v
Did a new hairdressing shop open close by?..., His wife remains behind in Germany, but Jason, his 18-year-old son, is closer at hand.
13 If you describe an event as a close shave, a close thing, or a close call, you mean that an accident or a disaster very nearly happened.
a close call/shave/thing phrase
You had a close shave, but you knew when you accepted this job that there would be risks.
14 If you keep a close eyeon someone or something or keep a close watchon them, you observe them carefully to make sure they are progressing as you want them to.
keep a close eye/watch on sb/sth phrase V inflects, usu PHR on n
The President's foreign policy team are keeping a close eye on events.
15 Close to a particular amount or distance means slightly less than that amount or distance. In British English, you can also say close on a particular amount or distance.
close to/on prep-phrase PREP amount
Sisulu spent close to 30 years in prison..., Catering may now account for close on a quarter of pub turnover.
16 If you look at something close up or close to, you look at it when you are very near to it.
close up/to phrase usu PHR after v, v-link PHR
They always look smaller close up.
17 If something such as a competition or an election is too close to call, it is not possible to predict who will win because it seems likely to be won by only a very small margin. (JOURNALISM)
too close to call phrase PHR with cl
In the Senate, the count is too close to call at this point.
at close quarters
at close range
close  ( closes 3rd person present) ( closing present participle) ( closed past tense & past participle ) (NEARNESS; VERB USES) If you are closingon someone or something that you are following, you are getting nearer and nearer to them. verb
I was within 15 seconds of the guy in second place and closing on him. V on n close in
1 phrasal verb If a group of people close inon a person or place, they come nearer and nearer to them and gradually surround them.
Hitler himself committed suicide as Soviet forces were closing in on Berlin... V P on n
As Parretti walked across the tarmac, fraud officers closed in. V P
2 phrasal verb When winter or darkness closes in, it arrives.
The dark nights and cold weather are closing in. V P
Close-cropped hair or grass is cut very short. adj usu ADJ n
Close-fitting clothes fit tightly and show the shape of your body. adj usu ADJ n
A close-knit group of people are closely linked, do things together, and take an interest in each other. adj usu ADJ n
Events over the last year have created a close-knit community.
If you describe something such as a race or contest as a close-run thing, you mean that it was only won by a very small amount. adj ADJ n
In such a close-run race as this election, the campaign becomes all important.
in AM, use closed season In football and some other sports, the close season is the period of the year when the sport is not played professionally.
Football clubs have been busy in the close season transfer market.
close-up ( close-ups plural ) A close-up is a photograph or a picture in a film that shows a lot of detail because it is taken very near to the subject. n-count
...a close-up of Harvey's face. If you see something in close-up, you see it in great detail in a photograph or piece of film which has been taken very near to the subject.
in close-up phrase
Hughes stared up at him in close-up from the photograph.