gauge ( gauges plural & 3rd person present) ( gauging present participle) ( gauged past tense & past participle )
1 verb If you gauge the speed or strength of something, or if you gauge an amount, you measure or calculate it, often by using a device of some kind.
He gauged the wind at over thirty knots... V n
Distance is gauged by journey time rather than miles. V n
2 n-count A gauge is a device that measures the amount or quantity of something and shows the amount measured.
oft n N
...temperature gauges., ...pressure gauges.
3 verb If you gauge people's actions, feelings, or intentions in a particular situation, you carefully consider and judge them.
...as he gauged possible enemy moves and his own responses... V n
4 n-sing A gaugeof someone's feelings or a situation is a fact or event that can be used to judge them.
usu N of n
The index is the government's chief gauge of future economic activity.
5 n-count A gauge is the distance between the two rails on a railway line.
usu n N
...a narrow gauge railway.
6 n-count A gauge is the thickness of something, especially metal or wire.
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"Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 4th edition published in 2003 © HarperCollins Publishers 1987, 1995, 2001, 2003 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"