external compulsion meaning, external compulsion definition | English Cobuild dictionary

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1       adj   External is used to indicate that something is on the outside of a surface or body, or that it exists, happens, or comes from outside.  
usu ADJ n     (Antonym: internal)    ...a much reduced heat loss through external walls., ...internal and external allergic reactions.     
  externally      adv   usu ADV with v  
Vitamins can be applied externally to the skin., ...externally imposed conditions.     
2       adj   External means involving or intended for foreign countries.  
ADJ n  
...the commissioner for external affairs., ...Jamaica's external debt., ...the republic's external borders.     
  externally      adv   usu ADV after v  
...protecting the value of the mark both internally and externally.     
3       adj   External means happening or existing in the world in general and affecting you in some way.  
ADJ n  
...a reaction to external events..., Such events occur only when the external conditions are favorable.     
4       adj   External experts, for example external examiners, come into an organization from outside in order to do a particular job fairly and impartially, or to check that a particular job was done properly.  
  (mainly BRIT)   ADJ n   (=outside)  
  externally      adv   ADV -ed  
There must be externally moderated tests.     
5    If medicine is for external use, it is intended to be used only on the outside of your body, and not to be eaten or drunk.  
for external use      phrase   v-link PHR, PHR after v  
Translation English Cobuild Collins Dictionary  
Collaborative Dictionary     English Cobuild
from without, from external sources
Latin expression used mostly in the juridical field.
innovation paradigm that assumes firms should use external ideas and/or external paths to market in their innovation process
[Tech.];[Bus.] word coined by Henry Chesbrough, who opposes this paradigm to the closed innovation one, where all the innovation process happens within the borders of the firm.
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