1 adj You use civil to describe events that happen within a country and that involve the different groups of people in it.
2 adj You use civil to describe people or things in a country that are not connected with its armed forces.
usu ADJ n (Antonym: military)
...the US civil aviation industry.
3 adj You use civil to describe things that are connected with the state rather than with a religion.
ADJ n (Antonym: religious)
They were married on August 9 in a civil ceremony in Venice., ...Jewish civil and religious law.
4 adj You use civil to describe the rights that people have within a society.
...a United Nations covenant on civil and political rights.
5 adj Someone who is civil is polite in a formal way, but not particularly friendly. FORMAL
(=polite) As visitors, the least we can do is be civil to the people in their own land.
civilly adv The man nodded civilly to Sharpe, then consulted a notebook.
civility n-uncount ...civility to underlings.
in AM, use civil defense
Civil defence is the organization and training of the ordinary people in a country so that they can help the armed forces, medical services, or police force, for example if the country is attacked by an enemy. n-uncount oft N n
...a civil defence exercise.
Civil disobedience is the refusal by ordinary people in a country to obey laws or pay taxes, usually as a protest. n-uncount
The opposition threatened a campaign of civil disobedience.
civil engineer ( civil engineers plural ) A civil engineer is a person who plans, designs, and constructs roads, bridges, harbours, and public buildings. n-count
Civil engineering is the planning, design, and building of roads, bridges, harbours, and public buildings. n-uncount
The Channel Tunnel project is the biggest civil engineering project in Europe.
Civil law is the part of a country's set of laws which is concerned with the private affairs of citizens, for example marriage and property ownership, rather than with crime. n-uncount oft the N (Antonym: criminal law)
The form civil liberty is used as a modifier.
A person's civil liberties are the rights they have to say, think, and do what they want as long as they respect other people's rights. n-plural
...his commitment to human rights and civil liberties., ...civil liberty campaigners.
The Civil List is money paid by the state every year to members of the British Royal Family to cover their living expenses. n-proper the N
Civil rights are the rights that people have in a society to equal treatment and equal opportunities, whatever their race, sex, or religion. n-plural oft N n
...the civil rights movement., ...violations of civil rights.
civil servant ( civil servants plural ) A civil servant is a person who works in the Civil Service in Britain and some other countries, or for the local, state, or federal government in the United States. n-count
Civil Service , civil service
TheCivil Service of a country consists of its government departments and all the people who work in them. In many countries, the departments concerned with military and legal affairs are not part of the Civil Service. n-sing usu the N
...a job in the Civil Service.
civil war ( civil wars plural ) A civil war is a war which is fought between different groups of people who live in the same country. n-count
...the Spanish Civil War.