black spot disease [diplocarpon rosae] meaning, black spo... | English Cobuild dictionary

Collins

black

  
  ( blacker    comparative)   ( blackest    superlative)   ( blacks    plural & 3rd person present)   ( blacking    present participle)   ( blacked    past tense & past participle  )
1       colour   Something that is black is of the darkest colour that there is, the colour of the sky at night when there is no light at all.  
She was wearing a black coat with a white collar..., He had thick black hair..., I wear a lot of black..., He was dressed all in black.     
2       adj   A black person belongs to a race of people with dark skins, especially a race from Africa.  
He worked for the rights of black people..., ...the traditions of the black community.     
3       n-count   Black people are sometimes referred to as blacks. This use could cause offence.  
usu pl  
There are about thirty-one million blacks in the US.     
4       adj   Black coffee or tea has no milk or cream added to it.  
ADJ n, v n ADJ  
A cup of black tea or black coffee contains no calories..., I drink coffee black.     
5       adj   If you describe a situation as black, you are emphasizing that it is very bad indeed.,   (emphasis)    It was, he said later, one of the blackest days of his political career..., The future for the industry looks even blacker.     
6       adj   If someone is in a black mood, they feel very miserable and depressed.  
Her mood was blacker than ever.     
7       adj   Black humour involves jokes about sad or difficult situations.  
usu ADJ n  
`So you can all go over there and get shot,' he said, with the sort of black humour common among British troops here..., It's a black comedy of racial prejudice, mistaken identity and thwarted expectations.     
8       adj   People who believe in black magic believe that it is possible to communicate with evil spirits.  
ADJ n  
He was also alleged to have conducted black magic ceremonies..., The King was unjustly accused of practising the black arts.     
9    If you say that someone is black and blue, you mean that they are badly bruised.  
be black and blue      phrase   usu PHR after v, v-link PHR  
Whenever she refused, he'd beat her black and blue..., Bud's nose was still black and blue.     
10    If a person or an organization is in the black, they do not owe anyone any money.  
be in the black      phrase   v-link PHR, PHR after v     (Antonym: in the red)    Until his finances are in the black I don't want to get married.     
11    If someone gives you a black look, they look at you in a way that shows that they are very angry about something.  
black look      phrase   N inflects, usu PHR after v  
Passing my stall, she cast black looks at the amount of stuff still unsold.      black out  
1       phrasal verb   If you black out, you lose consciousness for a short time.   (=pass out)  
Samadov said that he felt so ill that he blacked out.      V P  
2       phrasal verb   If a place is blacked out, it is in darkness, usually because it has no electricity supply.  
Large parts of the capital were blacked out after electricity pylons were blown up.      be V-ed P  
3       phrasal verb   If a film or a piece of writing is blacked out, it is prevented from being broadcast or published, usually because it contains information which is secret or offensive.  
usu passive   (=censor)  
TV pictures of the demonstration were blacked out.      be V-ed P  
4       phrasal verb   If you black out a piece of writing, you colour over it in black so that it cannot be seen.   (=censor)  
U.S. government specialists went through each page, blacking out any information a foreign intelligence expert could use...      V P n (not pron), Also V n P  
5       phrasal verb   If you black out the memory of something, you try not to remember it because it upsets you.   (=blot out)  
I tried not to think about it. I blacked it out.      V n P, Also V P n (not pron)  
    blackout  


Black Africa     
Black Africa is the part of Africa to the south of the Sahara Desert.      n-proper  
black and white   , black-and-white  
1       colour   In a black and white photograph or film, everything is shown in black, white, and grey.  
...old black and white film footage..., The pictures were in black and white.     
2       adj   A black and white television set shows only black-and-white pictures.  
usu ADJ n  
3       adj   A black and white issue or situation is one which involves issues which seem simple and therefore easy to make decisions about.   (=clear-cut)  
But this isn't a simple black and white affair, Marianne..., She saw things in black and white.     
4    You say that something is in black and white when it has been written or printed, and not just said.  
be in black and white      phrase   PHR after v, v-link PHR  
He'd seen the proof in black and white...     
black belt        ( black belts    plural  )
1       n-count   A black belt is worn by someone who has reached a very high standard in a sport such as judo or karate.  
He holds a black belt in karate.     
2       n-count   You can refer to someone who has a black belt in judo or karate as a black belt.  
Murray is a judo black belt.     
black box        ( black boxes    plural  )
1       n-count   A black box is an electronic device in an aircraft which records information about its flights. Black boxes are often used to provide evidence about accidents.  
2       n-count   You can refer to a system or device as a black box when you know that it produces a particular result but you have no understanding of how it works.  
usu sing  
They were part of the black box associated with high-flyer management development.     
black economy     
The black economy consists of the buying, selling, and producing of goods or services that goes on without the government being informed, so that people can avoid paying tax on them.  
  (BRIT)      n-sing  
...an attempt to clamp down on the black economy.     
black eye        ( black eyes    plural  ) If someone has a black eye, they have a dark-coloured bruise around their eye.      n-count   usu sing  
He punched her in the face at least once giving her a black eye.     
black hole        ( black holes    plural  ) Black holes are areas in space, where gravity is so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape from them. Black holes are thought to be formed by collapsed stars.      n-count  
black ice     
Black ice is a thin, transparent layer of ice on a road or path that is very difficult to see.      n-uncount  
black mark        ( black marks    plural  ) A black markagainst someone is something bad that they have done or a bad quality that they have which affects the way people think about them.      n-count  
There was one black mark against him.     
black market        ( black markets    plural  ) If something is bought or sold on theblack market, it is bought or sold illegally.      n-count  
There is a plentiful supply of arms on the black market.     
black marketeer        ( black marketeers    plural  ) A black marketeer is someone who sells goods on the black market.     (JOURNALISM)      n-count  
black pepper     
Black pepper is pepper which is dark in colour and has been made from the dried berries of the pepper plant, including their black outer cases.      n-uncount  
black pudding        ( black puddings    plural  ) Black pudding is a thick sausage which has a black skin and is made from pork fat and pig's blood.  
  (mainly BRIT)      n-var  
black sheep     
If you describe someone as theblack sheepof their family or of a group that they are a member of, you mean that they are considered bad or worthless by other people in that family or group.      n-count   usu sing, oft the N of n     (disapproval)   
black spot        ( black spots    plural  ) , blackspot  
1       n-count   If you describe a place, time, or part of a situation as a black spot, you mean that it is particularly bad or likely to cause problems.  
  (BRIT)  
There are recognised black spots in marriages which can lead to trouble...     
2       n-count   A black spot is a place on a road where accidents often happen.  
  (BRIT)  
The accident happened on a notorious black spot on the A43.     
black tie   , black-tie  
1       adj   A black tie event is a formal social event such as a party at which people wear formal clothes called evening dress.  
usu ADJ n  
...a black-tie dinner for former students.     
2       n-uncount   If a man is dressed in black tie, he is wearing formal evening dress, which includes a dinner jacket or tuxedo and a bow tie.  
Most of the guests will be wearing black tie.     
blue-black     
Something that is blue-black is bluish black in colour.      colour  
...blue-black feathers.     
jet black      , jet-black  
Something that is jet black is a very intense black.      adj  
...jet-black hair.     
pitch-black     
If a place or the night is pitch-black, it is completely dark.      adj   (=pitch-dark)  
...a cold pitch-black winter morning.     
Translation English - Cobuild Collins Dictionary  
Collaborative Dictionary     English Cobuild
n.
police van in which prisoners are transported from the police stations to the jails
slang term
adj.
suffering of a disease; destroyed
o.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig's Disease
Medical term
n.
activity involving dumping a bucket of ice water on your head and challenge other three friends to do so in order to promote awareness of the disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and encourage donations to research.
also called "ice water challenge", viral campaign on social media during July–August 2014

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"Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 4th edition published in 2003 © HarperCollins Publishers 1987, 1995, 2001, 2003 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"