as you may know, meaning, as you may know, definition | English Cobuild dictionary

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know

  
  ( knows    3rd person present)   ( knowing    present participle)   ( knew    past tense)   ( known    past participle  )
1       verb   If you know a fact, a piece of information, or an answer, you have it correctly in your mind.  
no cont  
I don't know the name of the place...      V n  
`People like doing things for nothing.'<emdash>`I know they do.'...      V that  
I don't know what happened to her husband...      V wh  
`How did he meet your mother?'<emdash>`I don't know.'...      V  
We all know about his early experiments in flying...      V about n/-ing  
They looked younger than I knew them to be...      V n to-inf  
It is not known whether the bomb was originally intended for the capital itself...      it be V-ed wh  
It's always been known that key figures in the government do very well for themselves.      it be V-ed that  
2       verb   If you know someone, you are familiar with them because you have met them and talked to them before.  
no cont  
Gifford was a friend. I'd known him for nine years...      V n  
Do you two know each other?...      V n  
3       verb   If you say that you know of something, you mean that you have heard about it but you do not necessarily have a lot of information about it.  
no cont  
We know of the incident but have no further details...      V of n  
I know of no one who would want to murder Albert.      V of n  
4       verb   If you knowabout a subject, you have studied it or taken an interest in it, and understand part or all of it.  
no cont  
Hire someone with experience, someone who knows about real estate...      V about n  
She didn't know anything about music but she liked to sing.      V amount about n  
5       verb   If you know a language, you have learned it and can understand it.  
no cont  
It helps to know French and Creole if you want to understand some of the lyrics...      V n  
6       verb   If you know something such as a place, a work of art, or an idea, you have visited it, seen it, read it, or heard about it, and so you are familiar with it.  
no cont  
No matter how well you know Paris, it is easy to get lost...      V n  
7       verb   If you knowhow to do something, you have the necessary skills and knowledge to do it.  
no cont  
The health authorities now know how to deal with the disease...      V wh-to-inf  
We know what to do to make it work.      V wh-to-inf  
8       verb   You can say that someone knowsthat something is happening when they become aware of it.  
no cont  
Then I saw a gun under the hall table so I knew that something was wrong...      V that  
The first I knew about it was when I woke up in the ambulance.      V about n  
9       verb   If you know something or someone, you recognize them when you see them or hear them.  
no cont  
Would she know you if she saw you on the street?...      V n  
10       verb   If someone or something is knownas a particular name, they are called by that name.  
no cont  
The disease is more commonly known as Mad Cow Disease...      be V-ed as n  
He was born as John Birks Gillespie, but everyone knew him as Dizzy...      V n as n  
He was the only boy in the school who was known by his Christian name and not his surname.      V n by n  
...British Nuclear Fuels, otherwise known as BNFL.      V-ed  
11       verb   If you know someone or something as a person or thing that has particular qualities, you consider that they have those qualities.  
Lots of people know her as a very kind woman...      V n as n  
12   
    knowing  
    known  
13    If you talk about a thing or system as we know it, you are referring to the form in which it exists now and which is familiar to most people.  
as we know it      phrase   n PHR  
He planned to end the welfare system as we know it.     
14    If you get to know someone, you find out what they are like by spending time with them.  
to get to know sb      phrase   get inflects, PHR n  
The new neighbours were getting to know each other...     
15    People use expressions such as goodness knows, Heaven knows, and God knows when they do not know something and want to suggest that nobody could possibly know it.  
INFORMAL  
heaven/god/lord/christ etc knows      phrase   PHR as reply, PHR wh  
`Who's he?'<emdash>`God knows.'     
16    You say `I know' to show that you agree with what has just been said.  
I know      convention  
`This country is so awful.'<emdash>`I know, I know.'     
17    You say `I know' to show that you accept that something is true, but think that it is not very important or relevant.  
I know      convention  
`There are trains straight from Cambridge.'<emdash>`I know, but it's no quicker.'     
18    You use `I know' to express sympathy and understanding towards someone.  
I know (how you feel, etc)      phrase   PHR wh/that  
I know what you're going through.     
19    You can use I don't know to indicate that you do not completely agree with something or do not really think that it is true.  
I don't know (about that)      phrase   usu PHR about n, PHR that  
`He should quite simply resign.'<emdash>`I don't know about that.'     
20    You can say `I don't know about you' to indicate that you are going to give your own opinion about something and you want to find out if someone else feels the same.  
I don't know about you      phrase   PHR but cl  
I don't know about the rest of you, but I'm hungry...     
21    You use I don't know in expressions which indicate criticism of someone's behaviour. For example, if you say that you do not know how someone can do something, you mean that you cannot understand or accept them doing it.  
I don't know how/what      phrase   PHR wh     (disapproval)    I don't know how he could do this to his own daughter...     
22    People sometimes use expressions such as I'm blessed if I know or damned if I know to emphasize the fact that they do not know something.  
INFORMAL  
(I'm) blessed/damned/buggered if I know      phrase   oft PHR as reply, PHR wh     (emphasis)    `What was that all about?'<emdash>`Darned if I know.'     
23    If you are in the know about something, especially something that is not known about or understood by many people, you have information about it.  
in the know      phrase   usu v-link PHR  
It was gratifying to be in the know about important people...     
24    You can use expressions such as you know what I mean and if you know what I mean to suggest that the person listening to you understands what you are trying to say, and so you do not have to explain any more.  
SPOKEN  
you know what I mean      convention  
None of us stayed long. I mean, the atmosphere wasn't<endash>well, you know what I mean...     
25    You say `You never know' or `One never knows' to indicate that it is not definite or certain what will happen in the future, and to suggest that there is some hope that things will turn out well.  
you never know      convention  
  (vagueness)   
You never know, I might get lucky...     
26    You say `Not that I know of' when someone has asked you whether or not something is true and you think the answer is `no' but you cannot be sure because you do not know all the facts.  
not that I know of      convention  
  (vagueness)   
`Is he married?'<emdash>`Not that I know of.'     
27    You can use expressions such as What does she know? and What do they know? when you think that someone has no right to comment on a situation because they do not understand it.  
what does sb know      phrase   oft PHR about n     (disapproval)    Don't listen to him, what does he know?...     
28    You use you know to emphasize or to draw attention to what you are saying.  
SPOKEN  
you know      convention  
  (emphasis)   
The conditions in there are awful, you know..., You know, it does worry me.     
29    You use you know when you are trying to explain more clearly what you mean, by referring to something that the person you are talking to knows about.  
SPOKEN  
you know      convention  
Wear the white dress, you know, the one with all the black embroidery.     
30    You can say `You don't know' in order to emphasize how strongly you feel about the remark you are going to make.  
SPOKEN  
you don't know      phrase   PHR wh     (emphasis)    You don't know how good it is to speak to somebody from home.     
31   
    to know best  
    best  
    to know better  
    better  
    to know no bounds  
    bound  
    to know something for a fact  
    fact  
    as far as I know  
    far  
    not to know the first thing about something  
    first  
    to know full well  
    full  
    to let someone know  
    let  
    not to know the meaning of the word  
    meaning  
    to know your own mind  
    mind  
    to know the ropes  
    rope  


know-all        ( know-alls    plural  ) If you say that someone is a know-all, you are critical of them because they think that they know a lot more than other people.  
  (BRIT)  
INFORMAL      n-count  
  (disapproval)   

in AM, use know-it-all     
know-how     
in AM, use knowhow     
Know-how is knowledge of the methods or techniques of doing something, especially something technical or practical.  
INFORMAL      n-uncount   usu with supp   (=expertise)  
He hasn't got the know-how to run a farm.     
know-it-all        ( know-it-alls    plural  ) If you say that someone is a know-it-all, you are critical of them because they think that they know a lot more than other people.  
  (AM)  
INFORMAL      n-count  
  (disapproval)   

in BRIT, use know-all     
Translation English - Cobuild Collins Dictionary  
Collaborative Dictionary     English Cobuild
id.
def.: if you are too confident about yourself, something bad will happen to show you that you are not as good as you think you are
exp.
used to point out that small problems or unpleasant events can in the end help things get better
exp.
love you loads
"je t'aime beaucoup" in French
exp.
what about you
Slang; written abbreviation
exp.
go away idiot, fool ; leave me alone idiot, fool ; fuck you idiot, fool ; fuck off idiot, fool.
[Slang];[Vulg.]
id.
At a point where you know you have to make a decision that not only effects your life, not only the life of the objects you love but the ones that you consider as well. More than one crux will certainly cause an individual to have a dilemma or two.
o.
talk to you later
exp.
you only live once
[Fam.] acronym
n.
person that you date
exp.
it's said when someone has done things in the wrong order
adj.
done because you want to
[US] i did the proyect voluntary to improve my grade
adj.
the decision is yours
id.
expression used to show full agreement on smth.
exp.
acronym for Let Me Know, as to ask the other party to get back to you
v.
To first know a little, then to think about it and finally you must imagine.
n.
the process of reaching a conclusion about something because of other things that you know to be true
[US] I often find my stuff by using deduction but sometimes it doesn't help at all.
o.
Shortening of Talk To You Soon
exp.
vous ne m'en voudrez pas si je vous demande pourquoi ?
do you mind my asking why you are so late? = vous ne m'en voudrez pas / puis-je vous demander pourquoi vous êtes si en retard ?
n.
is a sarcastic phrase, actualy point's out someone's pessimism
exp.
The actual say is: "You can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar" This means that it is easier to persuade people if you use polite arguments and flattery than if you are confrontational.
id.
the carrot is more effective than the stick
n.
at what times you climb for class today
[UK]
exp.
t'as pas compris, tu veux que je te fasses un dessin?
what part of "you can't come with us" don't you understand? what part of "NO" don't you understand?
prep.
Cyber object is virtual component in cyberspace which may be in any form and may execute any function, solely or partially.
[Tech.]
n.
attractive woman that you marry to show your success
exp.
something used to make someone do what you want
We can use the money as a bargaining chip in the negotiations.
exp.
your best clothes that you wear on special occasions
exp.
when you are happy, people will want to be around you and share your happiness, but when you are sad, people will avoid you.

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"Collins Cobuild English Dictionary for Advanced Learners 4th edition published in 2003 © HarperCollins Publishers 1987, 1995, 2001, 2003 and Collins A-Z Thesaurus 1st edition first published in 1995 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995"
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